With basis of the daily cost per

With a vision to
build a safer Scotland, the Scottish Prison Service (SPS) is a public
service-led government agency. The SPS was established in April 1993. Funded by
the Scottish Government, the SPS operates within the policies and framework set
by the Scottish Ministers. There are 15 prisons in Scotland, out of which 13
are publicly managed while the other 2 (HMP Kilmarnock and HMP Addiewell) are
privately managed. The SPS manages the private prisons and custodial services
under contract arrangements. The SPS aims to make Scotland safer by ensuring
delivery of secure custody, safe and ordered prisons, decent
standards of care and opportunities for prisoners to develop in a way that help
them reintegrate into the community on release. 1 The government spending convers expenditure related
with operating both the prison systems and provisions of a Court Custody and
Prison Escorting Service (CCPES). The prison population in Scotland is shown to
be around 7,522 while in England and Wales it is 85,387 in 123 jails. The
prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population) in Scotland is 135
and the occupancy level is 96.6%. Every one in three adult men and one in every
ten adult women are likely to have at least one criminal conviction against
them. As per the data revealed by the Scottish Parliament Information Centre,
violence in jails of Scotland was 73% lesser than those of England and Wales.
There were in total 79 serious assaults of prisoners attacking each other were
recorded in the Scottish Prisons while in England and Wales, 3553 were
recorded.

Out of a total
spending of £ 71,209 million in 2016-17, £2746.69 (3.9%) was spent on public
order and safety. Each prison has an allocated budget calculated on the basis
of the daily cost per prisoner. The average cost per prisoner per day in 2015
was estimated to be £2.5 for adults and £2.82 for the young offenders. There
hasn’t been much increase in the cost per prisoner per day since 2013. The SPS
does not hold the cost of each meal. There is a budget for food which is broken
down per prisoner per day. The average cost per prison in Scotland is
approximately £33,153. This cost excludes capital charges, exceptional
compensation claims and the cost of the escort contract. 2 The
cost of keeping a child in a Secure Unit can be as high as £250k per annum. The
estimated Economic and Social Cost of Crime in Scotland is £4848.1 million.
Other than these basic costs incurred, the government announced £3.4 million
funding to the prisons to steer criminals from reoffending. This cost would
work upon developing the prisoners through one-on-one mentoring to unlock their
potential, transform their lives and move on when they leave the prison.  Organisations like Tayside Council on Alcohol
(TCA) and Shine, which support those on community sentences and women who are
leaving prisons respectively, are also given financial boosts. These
organisations have helped bring the reconviction rate to its lowest in 18
years. This additional funding will help the SPS to reduce reconviction rate in
Scotland further. Research estimates that the total cost that the SPS has to
incur on reoffending by offenders with more than three convictions over a
period of three years was around £5.4 billion. This furthermore motivates the
government to bring down the reoffending rates.
In its 2018 budget, the Scottish Government was
signalling to increase the tax paid by the middle and high earners to help the
government raise funds for public services. This increase was seen as a risk as
the people would have to pay higher taxes than the people of England and Wales.
This increase would have motivated the people to use unfair means to hide their
income and pay less taxes.  
I believe that the government should use the money of the tax payers to shelter
and feed the criminals. This is so because the money paid by the tax payers is
for the government to provide them with services which are in interest of all
the residents of the country. When the government provides shelter and feeds
the criminals, it provides a safe environment for the people of that country to
stay safe and go around freely at any time of the day. if we look at Scotland,
it wouldn’t have been possible for the government to provide the SPS and other organizations
with such large funds to steering the criminals from reoffending. The mentoring
and activities conducted in the prisons for the criminals helps them restart
their lives once they come out of the prisons. Not just Scotland, prisons in
Bangladesh also provide with vocational training to its prisoners which makes
them capable of working and make a living after they serve their term in
prison. This helps them not get indulged in the wrong acts again. Building and
running prisons involves huge costs which couldn’t be covered without the use
to the tax payers’ money. 

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