Which nation’s armed forces, while Article I,

Which branch of government has the most power? Each branch has a unique power that benefits the Constitution. According to Barbour and Wright, “…the founders did not give all the power to one institution, but rather provided for separate branches of government to handle it, and then ensured that each branch would have the ability to check the others (61).” In a system where three branches share an equal amount of power, they are going to have weaknesses and disadvantages. To prevent any branch from having excessive power, there is a system of checks and balances and separation of powers. The three branches are:I.    The Legislative Branch makes laws and can change existing ones. It consists of the House of Representatives and Senate, which forms the United States Congress. The House and Senate are elected by the citizens. “The Constitution grants Congress the sole authority to enact legislation and declare war, the right to confirm or reject many Presidential appointments, and substantial investigative powers (The Legislative Branch).” The president is just the Commander in Chief. The Constitution granted Congress power to declare war. “Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution gives to the Executive Branch the command of the nation’s armed forces, while Article I, Section 8 gives to the Legislative Branch the power to decide when the United States goes to war (Only Congress Can Declare War).” The legislative branch could be thought of having more political passion, as Hamilton stated in The Federalist Papers. “After a bill is introduced, a committee meets to research it, ask questions and make additions or changes (Legislative Branch).” The bill is then checked by the House and Senate, followed by Congress and the president. The president can either sign or veto the bill. If vetoed, it will go back to Congress who can override it. This process is part of the system of checks and balances. II.    The Executive Branch makes sure the laws are being carried out. “The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the United States, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces (The Executive Branch).” This branch includes many departments that are responsible for supporting laws that are made by the legislative branch and then interpreted by the judicial branch. With all the support from the executive departments, it may seem that it holds more power than the other branches. The executive branch is composed of smaller departments that make sure that the citizens’ voices get heard. They are welcomed and encouraged to voice their comments, suggestions and/or concerns. Since the president is the most visible leader in this branch, he/she has more influence over the citizens of the nation–making it easier for the citizens to support certain laws of interest. The president’s involvement gives the executive branch much more responsibilities and a greater compromise with its citizens. However, there will be times that the president won’t be able to fulfill every promise he makes to the people. Even though this branch seems to be the strongest, the president does have limited power in certain situations. Also, if anything was to happen to the president, the vice-president would take over the presidency. III.    The Judicial Branch interprets and applies the law. It consists of the Supreme Court and lower courts. “Where the Executive and Legislative branches are elected by the people, members of the Judicial Branch are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate (The Judicial Branch).” In Federalist No. 78, Hamilton stated that the judicial branch is the weakest branch and it is merely judgment, but judgment can be dangerous and powerful. It is more dangerous to the citizens because it doesn’t take long for a law to be applied in Court, not to mention the possibility of it being passed in a way that was not intended. They can make mistakes while interpreting the Constitution, and it can only be fixed by a constitutional amendment. The judicial review checks on Congress to prevent them from abusing their power as when declaring laws as unconstitutional. The judicial branch ensures that the judges don’t abuse their power formulating biased bills. Over time, the Courts have strengthened the power of the branch. However, it can only agree or disagree with the laws of the executive branch, but it can’t make or enforce laws like the other branches.    Even though the branches follow separation of powers and the checks and balances system, there’s always a branch that has slightly more influence on decisions. Each branch has their responsibilities and powers. Article I of the Constitution established the legislative branch as the strongest. Decisions always go back to Congress in this branch. Although the executive branch is on top, the president won’t always get to make decisions on his own without Congress voting on it. The Framers of the Constitution wanted Congress to be powerful because it has the power to make laws, tax, spend and to declare war. Almost every action can be overridden by the Senate and/or House of Representatives.