WATER: are:- 1. STORAGE OF WATER 2.

    WATER: In
our structure water storage is present at the center and connected to residential
areas & industries. In water storage there are different parts for drinking
water and household water. The pipes are connected to homes, Hospitals,
Educational centers. Water can be divided into 6 sub – topics are:-

 

1. STORAGE OF
WATER

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2. SOURCE OF WATER

3. USAGE OF WATER

4. RECYCLING OF WATER

5. PURIFICATION OF SEA WATER

6. AWARENESS OF WATER

 

1.
STORAGE OF WATER: – water is stored in the middle of a
structure like a hub so that it can distribute water among the torus equally.
Pipes are connected every torus and water storage. Water storage is internally
divided for drinking water, household water and water for producing oxygen.
These different water has different pipelines. The population of residential
areas and water required for industries determine the amount of water required.

 

2.
SOURCE OF WATER: – water from earth will be transported to
torus. Mars also water in it. So the sources of water are earth, asteroids and
mars. Water will be kept into huge containers and brought to structure by
satellites. Water can be mined by miners from asteroids and mars. Mars has 30%
of earth’s water. This is huge amount of water which can be used for household
works. Asteroids contain about 15% of water which cab used for many purposes.
First of all water from mars and asteroids will be checked properly. Then it
will be transferred into water storage.

3.
USAGE OF WATER: – water will be used for drinking, washing,
cooking, cleaning and for industrial purposes. Water for drinking is less as
there is only 2.5 – 2.75% of fresh water on earth. Mars contains water in the
form of polar ice caps. Which means that we should melt the ice and then use
for other purposes. As there is huge amount of sea water on earth. We should
purify it then shift it to water storage. Satellites water can be mined by
mines from Asteroid and mars. Mars has 30% earth’s water. This is huge amount
of water which can be used for household works. Asteroid contain about 15% of
earths water which can be used for many purposes. First of all water from mars
and asteroids will be checked properly. Then it will be transferred into water
storage.

4.
RECYCLING OF WATER: – The used water will be stored at a
place in each residential area. Then will go through processes like
sedimentation and decantation, filtration and chlorination. These processes are
common in earth. Sedimentation & decantation: – the water is kept into a
beaker and left for some time.  The
insoluble particles settle at the bottom and it is poured into another
containers. Filtration is also a process of purification of water, which can be
applied. If required, water will even pass through many other processes. The
water obtained now will be relocated to the water storage process will be
continued each and every time.

5.
PURIFICATION OF SEA WATER: – As the amount of
drinking water is less. Sea water will be converted into drinking water. A
simple hurdle to convert sea water to drinking water is by boiling. We have to
boil the sea water, and then dissolved salts are left at the bottom. Then the
water droplets are cooled down. This water is now ready for using.

6.
AWARENESS OF WATER: – water is very useful and important
natural resource as we have only limited amount of water. So we should not
waste and save as much as possible. Following are the ways by which we can save
water: –

·       
Don’t use shower for bathing

·       
Reusing of water by saving the water which is
used to wash vegetables

·       
Turn of the tap while brushing your teeth

·       
Fix the leaks in the pipes

·       
Flush with less water

·       
Drink water according to your requirement

·       
Industries must recycle the dirty water
released after the production

·       
Hospitals must ensure not pollute the water
by bacteria and virus

 

    FOOD: –
Food is the basic requirement of living organisms to survive. In our structure
there is an area reserved for the production of food. According to the
requirement of population the food will be produced in each torus. The
agricultural robots will work in fields to produce crops required for living
organisms. Humans also require cotton & Jute for clothing. The rearing of
silk worm will also be done in the fields to produce silk for clothing. Food
can be divided into 4 sub topics. They are : –

 

1. PRODUCTION OF FOOD FOR HUMANS

2. PRODUCTION OF FOOD FOR ANIMALS

3. PRODUCTION OF MANURE AND SOIL

4. PROCESS OF CULTIVATION

5. CONCLUSION

 

1.
PRODUCTION OF FOOD FOR HUMANS:- Humans require fruits,
vegetables, commercial crops, eggs, meat, bread, milk products, fish, oils,
salt, sugar and food crops. Fruits, vegetables, food crops and commercial crops
can be cultivated in fields by robots. Eggs and milk products will be obtained
by animals in farms. Bread, oils, salt and sugar will be obtained by food
industries. Fish will not be available. The sea animals like fish, prawns,
crab, etc will not be available in our structure. Meat will be available at
super markets and stores. It will be manufactured in industries through a clean
process. All the requirements in food which is present in earth will be
available in space too such as fast food, junk food, and other foods. The food
which is obtained will go through a test which reports us about how healthy and
harmful the food is. Production of food will be limited. The food will be
produced according to the requirement.

 

2.
PRODUCTION OF FOOD FOR ANIMALS :- As we know animals are
divide into three types according to the food they eat. They are herbivores,
carnivores and omnivores. Herbivores eat grass. Carnivores eat herbivores i.e.
cow, goat, sheep, etc. Omnivores eat both plants as well as animals. So the
animals are kept in a huge and separate  
torus where the animals will have their food, water and suitable
environment. Herbivores will have grass, carnivores will have animals and
omnivores will have both of them. The grass will be grown which can be eaten by
the animals with the help of robots. These robots will take care of the environment.

 

3.
PRODUCTION OF MANURE AND SOIL: – Manure is very essential
to grow crops as it gives many useful components which help the crops to grow.
Manure is obtained by dead animals, plants and human waste. The places in
residential areas will have a separate bin for biodegradable waste. This waste
will be collected and stored in the farms. Agricultural robots will take this
manure and mix it with the soil to make it fertile. Even plow, tractor, combine
harvester, planter, cultivator, threshing machine are some of the machines used
for agriculture in space. As soil is must for growing the crops. Soil will be
taken from earth as much as possible. The land of mars has the capacity to grow
crops as it contains very useful nutrients required by the plants for their
growth. It is quite difficult to shift the soil of mars to the colony in space,
so we will grow the crops in the surface of the red planet. The crops will
require many nutrients from the soil, water, carbon dioxide & fertilizers.
The soil already contains the required nutrients. Water will be given by the
robots time to time to the crops. The fertilizers will be produced in the
industries which will not harm the crops in any way. Mars have 95.3% of carbon
dioxide which will be sufficient for the growth of crops. So, large amount of
crops can be cultivated on mars.

 

4.
PROCESS OF CULTIVATION: – The process of cultivation will be
done on the surface of mars, as mars have the favorable conditions to grow a
crop. The process of cultivation undergoes sowing, adding fertilizers, adding
water, harvesting and storage. As the soil of mars is ready to grow crops,
there is no need of loosening the soil. So the first step of agriculture on
mars will be sowing. The seeds will be sowed in mars by robots and machines.
The seeds will be of high yielding capacity. Then the robots will add the
required fertilizers for the growth of the crops. As growing of crops require
water, we need a place to store water in mars itself. An area will be kept for
storage of water. This water which is stored will be enough for growing crops.
We will use drip irrigation method to pour water. It is the most convenient
method of irrigation. The water storage will be connected to the drip
irrigation pipes, which will pour the water to the crops. The harvested crops
will be sent to the industries in the colony by rockets. In the industries the
crop will be removed from the plant. The harvested crop from the industries
will be stored at a reserved place in industries space. The crops from here
will be distributed and sent to supermarkets, shopping centers, homes, etc. Now
these crops and food products will be available to the people.

5.
CONCLUSION:- The total process of growing crops will take
place in mars. The gravity of mars is 3.7 and earth is 9.8. Comparatively the
earth’s gravity is greater. But the crops can be grown in mars. All the
processes involved in growing crops is on the surface of mars.

 

               
WASTE
MANAGEMENT  :-
The waste which will be generated by humans, animals and garbage which will be
produced by them should be divided into types that is biodegradable and non-
biodegradable. The biodegradable waste will be used as manure which very
helpful for them. The non- biodegradable waste cannot be disposed. It cannot be
dissolved in the soil. This type of waste should be reduced and stopped. Waste
management can be divided into 4 sub topics

 

1.
DISPOSAL OF WASTE

2.
RECYCLING OF WASTE

3.
WASTE MANAGEMENT

 

·       
DISPOSAL
OF WASTE:- The waste produced by the humans like
vegetable and fruit waste, leftover food, excreta etc which can be used as
manure will be helpful for agriculture . The waste like polythene bags, glass,
rubber, plastics, metals and synthetic fibers are non- biodegradable waste.
This type of waste should be used as it has many advantages and uses. The waste
which is useful but non-biodegradable can be sent to near by celestial bodies
like meteors, asteroids and comets. The quantity of wastage should be in control,
so that the disposal is easy. If at all the waste which cannot be recycled or
reused is produced, then it will be disposed in either earth or near by
celestial bodies.

 

2. RECYCLING OF WASTE:- The
non-biodegradable waste can be recycled. As plastic bottles, glass bottles,
polythene bags., etc are in common use, so 
they are recycled in the industries. the biodegradable waste can be for
making organic fertilizers for agriculture