Understanding Environment Pollution:
An initiative for healthy living
Environment pollution is the process
of irreversible contamination of the environment resulting damage to the earth
and its living beings. Pollutants are the main reason for environmental
contamination. Pollutants have detrimental effects on the earth as well as on
the human health. There are various forms of environmental pollution namely,
air, water, noise, thermal, soil and light pollution.
Deforestation and dangerous gas
emissions are also leading to environmental pollution. During the last 10
years, the world has witnessed intense upward push in environmental pollution. We
all live on the planet earth, which is the only planet, regarded to have an
environment, where the air and water are simple things that preserve life. Without
air and water the earth could be like the other planets – no guy, no animals,
The major components of the ecosphere
are oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, argon and water vapor. Balance between these
components ensures the growth of life on earth. This balance does not only assist
the survival of human, animal and plant, but it also creates the perennial
resources of minerals and energies without which the human civilization of
to-day couldn’t be constructed. Due to this balance the human as well as other living
forms have flourished on the planet earth. But human, as the smartest living
being in the planet, never stopped being curious, nor was satisfied with the blessings
of the nature. With the progression of science and technology, life has changed
but the human civilization is continuously polluting the environment and making
the earth unfriendly for them.
Root causes of Environment Pollution:
Environment pollution occurs due to
pollutants from various sources. Most common pollution sources are as follows:
comes as a blessing for human civilization. All the human needs are full-filled
by the manufacturing yield of different industries. But the dangerous gas emission
and chemical waste released by these industries bring disaster to human
civilization and earth. These gas
emission and chemical waste released from the industries are the main reason
for unbalancing the ecosystem.
Consequently, these pollutants are continuously contaminating the air
and the water, two major elements for the survival of human. Furthermore, when
human inhale and drink these contaminated air and water suffers from various
life threatening diseases. The inappropriate dumping of industrial wastes is also
responsible for water and soil pollution. Chemical toxic released from
industries contaminates rivers & lakes resulting in the damage of marine
resource as well as the human living there vicinity.
Disposal of solid waste from
household activities: Solid waste disposal from household activities
contaminates the environment. Due to improper management of solid waste
disposal from household activities reduces the quality of life. Furthermore,
use of CFC based home compliances release hazardous gases which deploy the
ozone layer resulting in thermal pollution.
Smokes and noise from vehicles: One
of the main sources of air pollution is the gas emission due to petroleum
burning from the vehicles. By the increase of civilization, the use of private
car, bus and train have also increase. Consequently, the emission from
petroleum consumption has increased resulting in air pollution. Furthermore,
sound produced from vehicles results in the noise pollution from which metro
areas are suffering most.
Increased rate of urbanization: Increased
urbanization damaging the earth as well as the mankind. This also results in
deforestation and destruction of forest reserve. As a consequence, air, water
and soil pollution has increased alarmingly.
Population outburst: In the past
decades the population of the world has flared-up. To meet the demand of these
increased pollution, deforestation rate increased. Therefore, use of natural
resources has been increased rapidly. This results in dumping of more pollutants
to the environment and unbalancing the ecosystem.
Waste from agricultural source: Use of
fertilizer and harmful pesticides has been increased terrifyingly. For over
production, farmers are using these chemicals and unknowingly causing a great
damage to the environment.