This migration to the towns rise due

This reflection paper is based
on what I have learned so far in India and its cultures based on the Indian
History. There are many topics that are discussed in our text that inquires a
variety of topics throughout Indian History that will be spoke about in this
reaction paper.

The first portion of information
that I retained is that Indian history beings in the Indus Valley, Northwest
part of India. When discussing the various cities in India, we spoke about the
most populated cities which are Mumbai (16.4 million), Kolkata (13.2 million)
and Delhi (12.8 million). I found these numbers very substantial because I am
from around the area of Pittsburgh Pa and the population there is 303,625
individuals. If we were to compare Mumbai to New York City, 8.538 million
individuals, that is still half the number of people in Mumbai! Those numbers
amazed me greatly, knowing how small our cities are in the United States
compared to some other countries, like India! From the text, I found out that
India has the second largest residents in the world with 1.2 billion people.
While searching through my notes and the book I also saw that 70% of Indians
still live in villages but migration to the towns rise due to damage of lands
and crops triggered by downpour and drought.

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The second part of information
that I retained the past few weeks on Indian history is the language. During a
few class periods, we were discussing the various languages that are
articulated in India. There have been 2,000 languages that have been acknowledged
but only 22 of those dialects are standard by the government. In class you were
speaking about how some individuals would ask you if you spoke “Indian” and the
class chuckled because it is like asking Americans if they speak “American”. I
feel as if when individuals ask such a question they sound very uneducated and
to some folks, getting asked that question may offended them. As learning in
class, I found out that furthermost cultured Indians speak two or more
languages, which to me I found remarkable because I only speak one language and
that is English. On another note, the book states that when welcoming others,
men typically shake hands but with woman, they use the traditional “Namaste” or
“Hello” with a hand posture and a smile, only shake hands if she outspreads it
first. I knew this information, I learned about it before I even read the section
from the book, from watching documentaries. Europeans and Americans should not
greet associates of the opposite sex with a kiss or a hug according to the
text. I can see why this is, I think it’s more of a respect aspect for both
sexes involved.

Another portion that I can
reflect on is the body language used in Indians. As we were taught in class,
much of what is linked in India is nonverbal which is where it is informal to misinterpret
someone or something. We cultured that in India, they use a side-to-side head
bob which typically means “yes” or “I hear you” and even infrequently means
“thank you”, which could lead to error. Another aspect I want to touch on is
finger pointing, which is rude in India. If you want to signal in a way,
routine the chin or the whole hand; If you want to sign for someone to come to
you, embrace your hand down and move your fingers. Another feature would be
winking, whistling, and singing. These are very unfitting to do in India which
can be taken at a sexual come-on.

All in All, the most intriguing
history topics that we learned about is population, variety of language and
communication which was explained in this reflection paper.


Work Cited
Stephen, Becky. “Land and People”.Culture Smart! India: The Essential Guide
to Customs and Culture, Kuperard, 2013, pp. 17-28.