The novel Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley, was written during the Romantic period. Romantic artists had an appreciation for emotion and strange events (Galitz). In Frankenstein, this theme of strange events is used in the creation of a monster. This monster’s physical traits and actions are extremely creepy and horrific. However, besides this appreciation for Romanticism, Mary Shelley sheds a new light on this monster. She gives him the human gifts of sympathy and knowledge. This is an extremely sharp contrast from his grotesque physical traits and murderous actions. To create the character of the monster, Mary Shelley uses the Romantic elements of grotesque, peculiarity, and violence, however, she also includes the facets of compassion and intellect.The monster’s physical description is hideous and creepy, and therefore causes people to fear him. In the novel, the monster’s skin appears to be hideous when the color and transparency of it are described by Frankenstein, the creator of the monster. Frankenstein describes this when the monster comes to a life and takes its first breath: “His yellow skin scarcely covered covers the work of muscles and arteries beneath” (Shelley 35). The skin of the monster is extremely transparent, and has a yellow hue to it. This gory image of muscles, arteries, and yellow skin makes the monster’s physical appearance seem appaling. The blankness of the monster’s eyes also make his appearance peculiar. When the monster comes to life, Frankenstein describes the that monster’s eyes “seemed seem almost of the same as the dun-white sockets in which they are set” (Shelley 35). Since the monster’s eyes are simply white, this gives a sense of peculiarity. It is extremely unnatural because human eyes are full of color. In “Elements of the Grotesque by Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein”, Robert C. Evans discusses the grotesque aspects of the monster and states that “Frankenstein achieves a nicely grotesque detail when he recounts how ‘the dull yellow eye’ (almost the eye of a lizard or snake) ‘of the creature opened'” (Evans). The association of creatures, lizards and snakes, whom often symbolize evil, with the eyes of the monster, shows that Evans believes that the lack of eye color in the monster represents evil. The hideous and unnatural appearance of the monster scares people. When the monster and Frankenstein are in the woods together, the monster describes how a man “shrieked shrieks loudly, and quitting the hut, ran runs across the fields with a speed of which his debilitated form hardly appeared appears capable” (Shelley 73) when he sees the face of the monster. The loud shriek and fleeing of the man shows the fear and trauma he experiences when he sees the monster. The physical traits, such as the skin and eyes of the monster, are appalling, and cause people to fear him.In addition to his grotesque physical description, the monster’s murderous actions are terrible and violent. He uses torture and cruelty to murder Frankenstein’s younger brother. When Frankenstein and the monster reunite in the woods, the monster describes how he kills his younger brother by “grasping his throat to silence him” (Shelley 102). The grasping of his throat exhibits the torturous action of choking that the boy experiences before immediate death. In “Elements of the Grotesque in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein”, Robert C. Evans believes the fact that the monster’s first victim is a child makes the action more ruthless (Evans). The monster also kills Henry Clerval, and this is extremely hurtful to Frankenstein. Frankenstein expresses his pain when he sees the dead body of Henry Clerval when he states: “But you, Clerval, my friend, my benefactor ?” (Shelley 129). The way Frankenstein addresses Clerval demonstrates Clerval’s important role as a companion and contributor in Frankenstein’s life. In addition to the violent murder of Frankenstein’s younger brother, the monster also tortures Elizabeth, Frankenstein’s wife, to death. Frankenstein describes what he sees when he witnesses the dead body of his wife: “The murderous mark of the fiend’s grasp was is on her neck” (Shelley 145). The murderous mark shows that Frankenstein’s wife is another victim of suffocation. The monster’s killing of Frankenstein’s wife, brother, and friend exhibit the violence of his character.The horrific physical description and murderous actions of the monster are elements of the Romantic movement. The skin and eyes of the monster are Romantic elements in Frankenstein. In the work “Romanticism”, Gallitz states that Romantic artists often favor peculiar and grotesque subjects in their novels (Gallitz). The unnaturalness of the eyes and hideousness of the skin, shows that the monster is extremely grotesque and peculiar. The torturous and murderous actions of the monster are inspired by the Romanticism movement. In “Romanticism” , Gallitz states that Romantic artists often described violent and disturbing images (Gallitz). In Frankenstein, there are many violent actions including the murders of Frankenstein’s son and wife (Shelley 129, 145). The grotesque, violence, and peculiarity of the monster’s actions and character are elements of Romanticism. However, besides the monster’s horrific actions, he also shows kindness through the actions of sympathy and remorse. The monster shows compassion to a poor family that he observes from his dwelling in the forest. He tells Frankenstein when they are in the woods that when he learned about the family’s poverty, he “cleared clears their path from the snow and performed performed those offices . . . done by Felix” (Shelley 80). This act of kindness demonstrates the monster’s generosity to the family by keeping their path clean and helping Felix with his workload. The monster shows remorse when he realizes Frankenstein has died. When the monster sees his creator dead on the boat, he expresses remorse for his violent actions to Walton: “But it is true that I am a wretch. I have murdered the lovely and the helpless; I have strangled the innocent as they slept, and grasped to death his throat who never injured me or any other living things” (Shelley 165). The monster is extremely regretful because he calls himself a degrading word and stresses the fact that he killed innocent people. The monster exemplifies sympathy for the poor family and remorse for his murders.In addition to compassion, the monster also has intellect because of his language and navigation skills. He is able to learn and speak a language. In the woods when they reunite, he tells Frankenstein his success and pride in learning the language after picking up many words from the family whose woods he dwells in: “I cannot describe the delight I felt feel when I learned learn the ideas appropriated to each of these sounds, and was able to pronounce them” (Shelley 78–79). This accomplishment demonstrates the monster’s ability to speak and learn a language merely from observation. It also exhibits his joy and satisfaction in accomplishing this feat. The monster also has extremely strong navigation skills, which is another sign of intelligence. He tells Frankenstein about his journey to Switzerland when they meet up in the woods (Shelly 100). He manages to travel from Germany to Geneva, Switzerland with only the sun for guidance (Shelley 100). This impressive and far journey with no help exhibits his strength and intelligence in navigation.In conclusion, the character of the monster is grotesque and violent, yet intelligent and sympathetic. The physical features of him, such as the eyes and skin, give the monster an ominous and hideous appearance, which causes people to tremble and flee from him. The monster exhibits violence in his murders of Frankenstein’s brother and wife. The elements of the grotesque and violence within the monster are inspired by the Romanticism period, which favored appalling and strange events. However, the monster also appears to have remorse and intellect. In the last chapter of the novel, the monster regrets the murderous actions he committed to cause pain to his creator, Frankenstein. The monster is also extremely smart because of his ability to learn a language easily and navigate the journey from Germany to Switzerland with the sun as his sole helper. The influence of the Romantic period and the contrast of the compassion and ruthlessness helped form the character of Frankenstein’s monster in the novel.