The that the country has had went

The famous traveler Ibn al-Battuta, who visited Mogadishu, the capital of Ajuran Sultanate in 331, conveys his impressions of the city as follows: “It is a really big city. People’s place is very much. They cut hundreds of them every day. The sheep are plenty. Makde?av consists of wealthy merchants. There, fabrics called the city are produced, referred to Egypt and other countries. “Today’s Somalia is unfortunately far away from this rich and powerful view of the 14th century. Even so, the country that is exposed to the colonialism of England and Italy is often referred to as hunger and poverty since the early ’90s. In Somalia, where the state collapsed with the end of the Cold War, chronic problems such as hunger and food crises, terrorism, piracy and division were never lacking. In Somalia, where we have been looking for stability and peace for 26 years, we have suffered a great number of basic problems because the state authority is not fully established. The energy and the resources that the country has had went on the brink of conflict.The inadequacy of the possibilities of the state, the lack of solutionmaking mechanisms, the security problem brought by the al-Shabab organization, widespread corruption, regional separatist movements and poverty are the chronical problems that force the administration in the country. It is not possible for a state with scarce possibilities to solve these huge problems miraculously in a short time, which has accumulated for 26 years. But in Somalia, the state and the people, despite all the negativities that we consider, have no choice but to persist in the search for stability. Therefore, Turkey’s Somali state and the financial and moral support to the Somali people gaining utmost importance.26 years of searchThe internal turmoil that started in Somalia from the middle of the 80’s led to a great crisis of hunger and invited foreign powers to invite it. This period of military interventions by the United States and the United Nations (UN) in Somalia lasted until 1995. The second period, which started after 1995, is a period in which internal turmoil continued until 2006 but local searches and organizations started at the same time. The most important event that marked this turning mark was the emergence of the Islamic Courts Union as an actor. This period, in which the armed religious groups in Somalia empowered after September 11, was terminated by US-supported Ethiopia intervention and the country entered a new process.In the third period, which started after 2006, while the work of establishing a temporary government in the Western direction was accelerated, the most important development was the outbreak of the Al-Shabab organization, which is a direct result of the outsourcing of the Islamic Courts Union. The country entered 2011 with a big starvation crisis and al-Shabab organization.In the period from 2011 to the present day Turkey, with the support of Somalia’s stabilization and isolation from the re-start by getting rid pointing to a period of re-integration with the world. The key concepts to be used for this period are; “State construction” and “development”.The state structure in Somalia has begun to increase its effectiveness on the ground in 2012, turning it into a permanent form from the provisional federal government format. In 2011, only a part of Mogadishu, the sovereign state, despite the strong presence of the al-Shabab organization today shows a broad saharan rule. Hasan Sheikh Mahmud, who took over the presidency of Sheikh Sharif in 2012, handed over this task peacefully to Mihammed Farmajo in 2017. In spite of the crisis atmosphere, which is devastating to the spiritual side of the people, in addition to resisting the Somali people in their daily efforts to keep the country alive, this peaceful climate on the political level promises hope for Somalia.Farmajo management faces the chronic problems faced by the previous administrations, and the more the expectations for the new administration come to the point, the more the problems in the country are deeply rooted. The weakness of the state structure is at the root of many chronic problems such as security, poverty, unemployment and piracy that the country faces. While the government needs to develop new strategies to solve these problems, to create new job opportunities in the country and also to find new sources of income, it is also a big necessity to institutionalize the state structure in a short time.impact of TurkeyThe change of the pessimistic table in Somalia seems possible only with the solution of the chronic problems. Humanitarian intervention in Somalia in 2011. Turkey’s constructive approach in a number of bites into force, giving birth to a positive atmosphere in the country, the state also brought the rebuilding process into a new phase. In this respect, the recovery process of Somalia also gained momentum.Since the year 2011 in Somalia to Turkey, which has become an active countries, the vision for this country quite constructive in character: attempting to end the humanitarian tragedy in the country, were established to permanent solutions to prevent any repeat of the food crisis. In this way, the great support provided to the humanitarian area has extended to the establishment of a regular army in support of Somalia, especially in the fields of education and health since the year 1111. In this minaval, a number of municipal services, such as asphalting roads, lighting, collecting garbage, were also introduced during the period when the schools, hospitals and orphanages needed in Somalia were opened. Somali students as scholarship and allowed to be brought to Turkey to receive training at various levels. Turkey’s largest embassy complex, which opened in Mogadishu, Somalia on Turkish Airlines continues its decades time. While the airport and sea port operations were being revised by Turkish companies, these businesses also provided regular income transfers to the Somali state. Finally, the military education complex was put into service for the formation of the Somali army and military training began. Made many projects in a short time, Turkey-Somalia relations are multi-dimensional development of the country while the case also have played a role in winning a modicum of stability.Western actors in Somalia hapsederk security and terrorist circles, the idea of ??moving Turkey will bring stability to Somalia’s development is different from that perspective. Here Turkey’s perspective on the issue of development, stability and security cases reveals a more holistic approach sees interrelated. Turkey Although it inside or outside Somalia often exposed to criticism from some sectors. While a portion of a portion of the constructive nature of this criticism is done simply for the sake of sabotaging the positive image of Turkey. Turkey, this is not very active in crisis regions such as Somalia, the only Westerners accustomed to seeing as active actors in some circles is considered an unfavorable situation in crisis regions.Chronic problem areasIt is possible to evaluate the main problem areas in Somalia under the following four headings: tribalism and national unity, al-Shabaab and security, collapsed state, poverty and humanitarian crises, the absence of foreign military forces and national armies. Almost all of these problem areas have a common point in that there is no strong state authority in the country.While Somaliland region, which declared unilateral independence in 1991, continues to act as a separate state within the country, the weakness of the federal state structure in Mogadishu is far from preventing this division. In the military operations against the Al-Shabab organization, the Somali government, which lacks a regular army while the AMISOM (Somali Mission of the African Union) has a say, remains inactive here. Undoubtedly, the weakness of state institutions makes the people of the country more vulnerable to humanitarian crises and the problem of poverty. Support for the development and state-building process in Somalia is important at a critical level because of all these chronic problem areas.Return of global actorsAs Somalia stabilized, the global powers that left the country in the 1990s (partly) began to return to the sahara from 2013 onwards. After Trump came to work, the US went on to increase AFRICOM’s military presence in Somalia. In this direction, some reinforcements send American troops to Somalia, while Britain’s attention to the struggle to regain the former colonial Somali is noteworthy. Behind these efforts, the oil and natural gas in Somalia is very obvious. The British company Soma Oil & Gas, established in 2013 for oil and natural gas searches in Somalia, has become the sole authority for the extraction of oil and natural gas in Somalia.The stabilization of the country has increased the interest of the Gulf countries to Somalia in recent years as well as global powers. In particular, the United Arab Emirates (BAE) and Saudi Arabia are trying to pull Somalia out of their own ranks because of the military operation they conducted in Yemen. These forces are trying to incorporate all kinds of oppression into their alliances over the government in Mogadishu. Undoubtedly, as long as Somalia achieves stability, global actors (including Russia and China), who have left the country to their fate after 1990, will try to gain power again.