The peacefulness and calmness due to the

sea of the Arabian Gulf is often being characterized for its warmth,
peacefulness and calmness due to the lack of water currents, as well as with
vital energy of economic activities with other countries. And that is due to
the fact that the Arabian Gulf’s area is geographically closed, hence it
resembles a lake. Plus, it has the necessary rich nutrients for the fish, and
its water is one of the most fertile marine waters compared to other areas of
the world. The most important of which comes from the waters of the Gulf of
Oman and the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers of Iraq. In addition to the high water
masses of the Arabian Gulf water, nutrient salts are available, as well as
several other factors, including: an appropriate environment conducive to the
presence of aquatic organisms such as flora and fauna where fish feed. Between the
months of September and March enters a stream from the Gulf of Oman to the
Arabian Gulf, carrying nutritious salts and surface fish.


fishing industry plays a significant role when it comes to the economic activity
in many levels of society all over the world, and also played an important part
in the life, livelihood and well-being of countless societies before the unity
of the seven Emirates. The fruitful Marine commodities undeniably made an
important dietary contribution to the communities of that region, as well as helping
in diversifying the economic activity in the U.A.E.

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The main questions here are how has the
fishing industry changed in the U.A.E before the discovery of oil and the unity
of the seven Emirates compared to recently? And what are the changes that will
take place in the context of that industry in the future? We shall find out.



The Fishing industry from the past

the eyes of the Nokhadhas, they consider that fishing nets are the most
precious thing that they have after their boats, which are the threads that
bring them goods, blessings, and livelihood from sea water. In the past, the
profession of being a fisherman was very challenging and hard. Back in the day,
young boys at the age of 5 till 8 (depending on their fathers) were thoroughly
trained to be well-disciplined Nokhadha who inherited from their ancestors the love
and passion of the sea by nature and habit. All of the Emirati fishermen used
to go out for fishing in difficult climatic conditions.


rain fell in the past, they did not stop for 10 consecutive days and sometimes
lasted at least three days or even a week, the struggle here is that no fisherman
was in contact with a meteorological office or coast guard to warn him, but the
men would not have ventured out at the start of any storm, and perhaps while
they were at sea, storms were vigorously blowing and turning into a hurricane
that endangered the lives of the fishermen. For 40+ years, they have been
communicating with marine security agencies in order to practice their
occupation safely.


go fishing in the winter and even during summertime, to an extent where they do
not stop working on any occasion, except for religious occasions or Holidays like
Eid Al-Fitr and Eid Al-Adha to be with their families and their loved ones, as
well as during Ramadan because the fishermen are fasting, and that is due to the
temperature and the humidity are excessively high (Sharjah fishing village
brings back memories of earlier time. 2015).


sea of the UAE has many types of fishes that are rich in nutritional benefits,
including what is known to the people of the UAE, including some unknown names,
but one of the most famous fish known for their good taste is the fish “Al-kan’ad”
which is available in the winter and early summer. Through the smell of the sea
and the excretions produced by it, also “Al-Khabat”, “Al-Gabagib”, “Al-Sada”, “Hamour”,
“Sultan Ibrahim”, “Negroor”, “Baddhah”, “Khen”, and other kinds of fish that
have different ways or methods of fishing, which vary between fishing
techniques from one Nokhadha to another.


the most important types of seafood among snails that are found in the beaches
and oysters, most of which are found in the area of ??”Lahilah” between “Khor
al-Rams” and “Khor Khuwair”, and in the small islands located in the Emirates,
especially in Ras Al Khaimah, where fish are grown and fed.

The current situation of
the Fishing Industry

the risks and challenges faced by practitioners, their love for the sea and the
profession is on the rise. A number of Sharjah, Umm Al Quwain, and Abu Dhabi
fishermen say that they are doing their best to encourage children in the
profession of their grandparents because it is a part of their identity,
customs and traditions (Hackett, K. 2017). As of today, Nokhadhas find that the
availability of advanced tools and laws governing the profession facilitated
their lives and eased the process of fishing, praising the role of associations
of fishermen at the state level, however, their pension is unfortunately extremely
low. And they’ve pointed out that they suffer from many things, including the
high prices of materials and tools used during the fishing process, and this
applies to the cost of food and clothing, in addition to the worker who works
with the fisherman gets the same benefit for one fishing trip each, which it is
unfair (Blue, L., Strutt, K., Sheehan, P., Jackson, P., & Beech, M. 2013).


Nokhadhas also pointed out that before the start of the union of the seven
states or Emirates, there was the so-called Development Council and they were
getting the support that was full and not partial as it is now, as they were
organizing fishing training workshops for fishermen as well for the men who are
interested. They do not deny all the great gains that has been achieved through
the establishment of the state, and that is because they are currently able to facilitate
the procedures for the establishment and licensing of their staff with ease. It
is really convenient because this reduces the amount of effort they make in
clearing transactions in several places, the Nokhadhas want to be able to do
all procedures required to extract the papers of any worker working with them
in the profession of fishing all in one place, so that they can finish the
procedures quickly, especially for older fishermen whose children work in other
Emirates and have no one to help them (Flavin, K., & Shepherd, E. 1994).








Conclusion and

what has been discussed with the fishermen or Nokhadhas, it is evident that the
UAE’s economic policy should try their best to pay more attention to the
fishing industry sector’s concerns, and that is through assist fishermen by
providing a well-deserved of much higher allowance or income for Emirati
Nokhadahs, so they could afford production supplies, and free services for
repairing and maintaining marine machinery for fishermen, and training and
guidance on modern fishing methods, which will lead to further motivations on increasing
their production, and raising their standard of living in order to encourage
them to adhere to the professions of parents and grandparents. Loans in this
regard include: marine machinery, cockroaches, fishing net, sold at approximately
half of the value.


well as other free services provided by marine workshops, including repair and
maintenance of marine machinery. The State has also have been keen on studying
the marine environment in which the fisherman works, and to conduct some marine
surveys to identify and quantify fish species that are available and those that
are on the verge of being extinct, also the designation of suitable fish
breeding sites and seasons to determine the right time of fishing seasons that
won’t harm the environment, that way the marine scientists and Nokhadahs work
amazingly together hand in hand, thus each of them serves their own purpose but
with a common goal in mind, and that is protecting the sea yet benefiting from
it without causing any harm as much as possible. And last but not least, the
identification of lines of fish migration and the protection of the fishery and
its preservation from over-exploitation through the establishment of fishing
companies in the State and the identification of types of machines and
equipment used in fishing.