The Fifteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-Sixth Amendments, all

The Fifteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-Sixth Amendments, all amendments based on the laws and regulations of voting, are arguably the most important amendments in the constitution because these amendments set the regulations of selecting  the government of our amazing country. If these amendments didn’t exist, non-whites, eighteen-, nineteen-, twenty-year-olds, and women wouldn’t be able to vote. If you could do the math, that is main part of the population of America. Not only would America very a completely racist and corrupt country, but the voting system would be very secluding. If the Fifteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-Sixth amendments are the most important amendments, especially because if they weren’t ratified, the voting system would be corrupt, and America would be based on a racist and sexist system, and the government would be chosen by a single race.The Fifteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-Sixth Amendments are, in my eyes, the basis of the entire voting system (and therefore the government) in the sense that almost all people living in America (excluding border-hoppers, illegals, and underaged people) can vote. These amendments also are a great impact on the extent of overcoming sexism, racism, and ageism. Without this amendment, anti-racism groups like “Anti-Defamation League” and the “Campaign Against Racism and Fascism” would have no power to start with and their priorities would have regressed all the way back to fight for voting rights. Not to mention how immoral this would be, America would be the country that all immigrants would flock to, especially if other countries like Canada could offer way more to other people from other origins.The Fifteenth Amendment on its own wasn’t as powerful as many of the black people at the time hoping. Though it was illegal to completely to “…abridge the rights of voting by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude”( Staff, 2009), many governments in the South still managed to find ways to deny people of color to vote, no matter what it took. Many times, the black community took a specific government to court for unconstitutionally denying their right to vote, but only a couple times did the plaintiff win a lawsuit against the government. One time, a man by the name of Frank Guinn did win a lawsuit against the United States because of the Fifteenth Amendment. By 1915, newspapers all had the same front page consisting of “Frank Guinn and J.J. Beal v. the United States!” Frank Guinn and his lawyer argued the lawsuit on October 17, 1913, because he believed that the “Grandfather Clause” of the Oklahoma and Maryland constitution was very much unconstitutional. The “Grandfather Clause” basically meant that if your grandfather could not vote before January 1, 1866, then you couldn’t vote either, which was racist toward African Americans because most of their grandfathers at the time couldn’t vote. After a few months, on June 21, 1915, the “Grandfather Clause” was struck down as unconstitutional, and this was one of the major lawsuits in the pursuit of equal rights for all races. ( Staff, 2009)There was a time when both the Fifteenth and the Twenty-Sixth were argued in the same court case. On October 19th of 1970, Petitioner (also state) Oregon with Respondent John Mitchell, or the Attorney General of the United States, had a court case to win for themselves. In Burger Court, Oregon argued that the national voting age should be lowered, and the literacy tests should be banned. The main question designated for the court case was, “Does the Voting Rights Act Amendments of 1970 infringe on the rights the Constitution reserves for the states?” The main argument for Oregon was that, at the time, the war against Vietnam was taking place, and even 17-year-olds (with a consent form from their legal guardians) could join the military, but only 21-year-olds could vote! They talked about how we are sending young men to potentially die, and they don’t even get to enjoy the simple and most basic principle of this country?! Even, in my opinion, that sounded like a completely valid point. In a 5-4 majority, with a plurality opinion by Hugo L. Black, that 18 years of age was the lowest age a person could be to vote, and the literacy test was void (“Oregon v. Mitchell”)If these amendments weren’t in place, the United States of America would be no better than the countries they condemn. Without these Amendment, first of all, there would be no such thing named peace. Think about it; if people are protesting for better rights, how do you think they would protest if they had no rights? It would be way worse, and probably more violent. Other amendments probably would never be in place because the government would either focus on imprisoning the protesters, protecting themselves, or trying to restore peace back into the country. We probably would even be here today, or at least in this country. With these amendments, America truly represents a democracy, and though this country wouldn’t be perfect, it certainly would be close. We would be and are an epitome of (trying) to be fair and just. These amendments also without a doubt prevent racist, sexism, and (the lower side of the spectrum in) ageism. They at least are a great start to ending discrimination and corruption. Many people probably chose the Fourteenth Amendment as their topic for the report. The Fourteenth Amendment basically stated an entire page of rights for all citizens, but most importantly, it gave all former slaves citizenship, which is very nice and all, but considering this Amendment’s ratification took place two years earlier than the Fifteenth Amendment, and that colored people still couldn’t fairly vote even though being citizens, this Amendment wasn’t really used to its full potential. Only two years and multiple federal lawsuits later did they finally allow people of color to vote. So, basically, one of the most famous choice for this paper, the Fourteenth Amendment, was pretty inferior in the case of anti-racism.Also, to keep in mind, the Fourteenth Amendment only protected civil rights, but not political rights. This left a huge loophole in the Constitution only because the initial plan to starting to end racism wasn’t completely achieved. This loophole technically allowed many of the Southern States to exploit the colored people. One way they did this was by allowing anyone to enter into the Southern States, but colored people who couldn’t vote in those Southern States could not go and join the Northern States and vote for their mayors, governors, or even juries. These Fourteenth Amendment also, technically, was one of the first Amendments that negatively showed that it wasn’t colorblind, also by hurting a specific race. The Fifteenth Amendment came to the “rescue!” and had completely guaranteed the rights of people of all races the ability to vote, and had filled the holes through the somewhat racist Fourteenth Amendment.Another famous choice of an amendment for this paper would probably be the Eighth Amendment. This amendment was one of the more important of the amendments compared to the others. The Nineteenth Amendment in my eyes is more important though. Why worry stopping cruel and unusual punishments while the government was cruelly denying the right of women to do most things that men could do? Are men really superior to women? The true answer, (not getting biological) is no. Just until about fifty years ago, we were doing this to the females of our society. Talk about no cruel punishments!The Fifteenth, Nineteenth, and Twenty-Sixth Amendment are arguably the most important amendments to them all. This amendment brings the best out of all of us, not to mention our country. These amendments are the best start we could have for the fight against racism, sexism, and ageism because they show us that all men and women alike are equal using the sense of the greatest accomplishment we have made in probably the last millennium, voting.