The Effects of Cigarette Smoking Essay

The Effects of Cigarettes Smoking The effects of cigarette smoking on the American public are of significant concern in America. This effect is harmful to the body’s major organs, causing many diseases and generally alters the health and life of smokers. There is considerable different health risk, which result in diseases and changes in the Larynx with elevated levels of stress in the vocal area. Lung cancer is only one of the diseases associated with smoking cigarettes. The diagnosis of lung cancer risk increases due to the number of cigarettes a person smokes over time.

The use of tobacco, principally cigarette smoking, in America, is the lone most preventable cause of death. A person smoking at least two packs of cigarettes per day would have what, doctors call a smoker with a history of 20 packs year. While a smoker with a history of 20 packs, risk of lung cancer, increases, the same is less in a cigarette smoker, having a history of 10 packs per year. A smoker with a history of smoking 30 packs a year or more risk developing lung cancer at a higher rate.

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Approximately one in seven who smoke two or more packs of cigarettes a day will die from lung cancer (WebMd, Inc. 2005-2007). Smoke from cigarettes consists of a mixture of toxins and other chemicals, which invade the human body. Nicotine, a natural component of the tobacco plant, is highly addictive and unlike carbon monoxide, tar, arsenic and lead, which is, absorb through the smoke, nicotine enters a smoker’s blood stream. Within seconds, this drug has entered the human brain.

In the United States Department of Health, this addiction, from nicotine, is that of a person using heroin and cocaine. Through extensive research, we now know that cigarette smoking can cause airway restriction as well as restricting the blood flow. Cigarette smoke is an airway irritant; it is know to cause pulmonary airflow resistance; however, these transient changes, was only discovered after smoking a cigarette. There is a 22 times higher risk in males and about 12 times higher risk in women, for lung cancer than non – smokers.

Resulting in 87% lung cancer deaths as noted in. In addition, “these toxins and free radicals can interact with DNA, and could cause genetic mutations and gene activation responsible for the development of autoimmune disease”. There is a link to but not limited to Graves’ Hyperthyroidism and Multiple Sclerosis. Cigarette smokers are in jeopardy of contracting various other types of cancer. Listed in the Center for Disease Control, some of these are oral cavity, cancer of the lips, pharynx, esophagus, larynx, bladder, and kidney cancer.

Among racial-ethnic groups, the rates vary in relation to cigarette smoking and different cancers. Although, this rate, is higher among African-American males. Smoking cigaretts, has been attributed to 3,000 lung cancer deaths per year. The effects of smoking on former smokers who have successfully quit, shows that over time damaged lung cells, is replaced by new cell growth. This decreases the risk of lung cancer to that of a non-smoker in 15 years of smoking cessation. These are just a few key points to the direct exposure to tobacco smoke on cigarette smokers.

Unfortunately, cigarette smokers are not the only ones affected. Passive smoke (smoke inhaled from other smokers in shared living or working conditions), which is a combination of smoke emitted from the burning end of a cigarette (side stream smoke), and (mainstream smoke), exhaled by cigarette smokers, poses a risk as well. Although not as high of a risk as being a smoker, those exposed to passive smoke have a 24% higher risk for lung cancer than non-smokers, who were not exposed. These are all harmful ways that smoking cigarettes can affect the human body.