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Sex is a prominent topic in the lives of teenagers across the nation and in the world. It is therefore vital that the proper measures be taken regarding sex education. Sex education classes must be instituted into high schools in order for students to be informed on the various risks involved in unsafe sex, and to educate them on how to be prepared once they do decide to engage in sexual activity. Education on sex is just as important as other health related topics taught in schools. With the rise of teenage pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, it is critical for young people to become more aware.   Easy accessibility to contraceptives in schools is a major benefit of sex education programs. This encourages students to be safe while engaging in sexual activity. However, many schools do not give out condoms in nurse/health offices. There are students who choose to have sex but do not use contraceptives, simply because they do not have access to them. Many teens either cannot or do not want to pay for them, but if more schools had these items available for free it is much more likely that students would take the opportunity to be safe. These programs “encourage the teenagers to use protection while indulging in any kind of sexual act” (Arpita De). According to Guttmacher, Lieberman, and Ward in the article Condom Availability in New York City Public High Schools, a study done in public high schools in New York City and Chicago has shown the positive effects of condom availability programs. It showed that 60% of sexually active students in NY, where there was a condom program available, were more likely to use condoms during sex, opposed to only 55% of students who used them in Chicago, where they did not have such a program. A World Health Organization review on sexual education has also shown that access to contraceptive services did not encourage an increase in the sexual activity of students, nor did it push them to engage in sexual activity at an earlier time. Contrary to the belief of many, sex education promotes safe sex, without encouraging the actual engagement of sexual behavior. It is clear that the teaching of various contraceptives and the accessibility to them in schools can only present positive effects on students’ sex lives. These classes are a considerable factor in keeping students healthy and safe. Teenage pregnancy is a major issue prevalent across the nation. In the United States “84 out of every 1,000 girls age 15 to 19 become pregnant each year” and the teen pregnancy rate, as well as the abortion rate, here is drastically higher than rates in Denmark, Finland, Germany, and Sweden (Agnvall). This is a clear indicator that teenagers in this nation may not be as properly educated on sex as those in other countries around the world. The application of sex education programs in the nation would drastically reduce pregnancy among high school students. Pregnancy in general is challenging, even for a woman who has her life together and is prepared to spend the rest of her life providing for a child. The thought of a teenager who has not even begun her life, having a child without any preparation whatsoever is worrisome. Information on how to prevent teen pregnancy during intercourse is crucial for this reason and many others. Schools must inform students on the challenges that teenage mothers face, in an effort to make students wary about the decisions being made while they engage in sexual activity. There are many sacrifices that teen parents make, and not many teenagers have the means or the money to fulfill the responsibility of caring for a child. With so many women becoming pregnant at this age, it also leads to a rise in the dropout rate. Only about 50% of teen mothers receive a high school diploma by the time they reach 22, while approximately 90% of women who do not give birth during their teenage years, will graduate from high school (CDC). It is devastating for a teenage girl to have to give up her education. It is not worth losing the chance of having a proper life all because of a mistake she made during sex. Studies have also shown that teenage pregnancy can pose problems for the rest of society. According to the CDC, in 2010, teen pregnancy and childbirth accounted for at least $9.4 billion in costs to U.S. taxpayers, mainly due to increased health care and foster care. If schools properly educated students on how to prevent becoming pregnant, as well as on the consequences and potential sacrifices that unsafe sex may bring, teen pregnancy would occur much less frequently and any fears of them not being able to achieve their goals in life would be eliminated.Every year, nearly half of the 20 million STDs contracted in the US are among young people between the ages of 15 to 24. Sex education would be a major factor in preventing this from continuing to occur. These classes would inform students on the many diseases that can be contracted from sexual relations, which would not only encourage them to stay safe but could also make students hesitant to engage in sexual activity until they are at an older age. It is important for schools to teach students knowledge on how they can protect themselves from infections and diseases contracted during sex. If students learned the damaging effects of diseases such as herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, etc. it would decrease the likelihood for them to engage in risky behaviors. According to the CDC, which has provided funding and assistance for the implementation of HIV/STD prevention programs, teaching students about how to prevent these diseases has shown effectiveness in the classroom. Instruction on how to steer clear of STDs and STIs will promote the overall health and well being of students that will not only benefit them at a young age, but will continue to benefit them in the rest of their sexual lives. Many will say that having sex education programs in schools will encourage students to have sex at a young age. This is false. Research has shown that well designed sex education programs can “significantly reduce sexual risk behaviors among teens” (CDC). Although these classes will not encourage sex, they will encourage staying safe when students make the decision to do so. A review of 48 sex education programs by the CDC has also found that none of these prevention programs have increased the likelihood of teen sex. In fact, students who have learned in these classes have even had delays in their time of first sexual intercourse, while also increasing their use of contraceptives, and declining their number of sexual partners. It is inevitable that teenagers will consider having sex, and there is not much that their teachers or their parents can do to prevent that. However, the implementation of sex education programs in schools is the most effective way for them to keep these students safe if they choose to engage in sexual behavior. Access to contraceptives, prevention of teenage pregnancy, and awareness of the risks of sexually transmitted diseases are included in the multitude of benefits that these sex education programs provide. It is clear that sex education is an important component in the lives of young students, and these programs must be instituted into all high schools throughout the nation.