It is a fact that for some instances, in surgical procedures, there are procedures that are not possible with the traditional open surgery or laparoscopic techniques, but with the aid of robot-assisted surgery they were made possible to be performed; surgical robots were technologically developed to assist surgeons in conducting surgical treatment and to smooth the progress and lessen the risk of minimally invasive surgery or rather, to overcome its limitations.
Robotically-assisted surgery, robot-assisted surgery, computer-assisted surgery, and even robotic surgery were some of the terms used to address for technological developments that use robotic system to conduct and aid surgical activities. Robot-assisted surgery has been used in a wide scope of surgical procedures up to date, including those diseases of the head and neck, in cardiology, urology, and gynecology. Furthermore, it has been claimed that the method could decrease further complications for those patients taking the surgery; in short, it results or ends up with better outcomes.
The da Vinci Surgical System, made by Intuitive Surgical, Inc. , of Sunnyvale, California, USA, is a telemanipulation system in which the operating surgeon manipulate three or four robotic surgical arms (equipped with surgical instruments) through an operating console while seated a short distance from the patient. In addition, it is the most widely marketed and studied surgical robot and also in which it is the only system available in Canada.
For urologic, general laparoscopic, gynecologic laparoscopic, general non-cardiovascular thoracoscopic, and thoracoscopically assisted cardiotomy surgical procedures for children and adults, the surgical system has been long approved by the US Food and Drug Administration since year 2000. The first-generation da Vinci Surgical System which is the da Vinci Standard was approved by Health Canada in March 2001. As for the second-generation da Vinci S Surgical System, was approved in the year 2006, and the third-generation da Vinci Si was approved in January 2010.
During the surgery, both patient and surgeon are offered benefits from the robot-assisted surgery with the da Vinci System. Those benefits that it may offer for the patients through minimally invasive techniques are generally those that reduce the possible risk that may take place along and after the process, which may result in reduced blood loss, reduced blood transfusion, fewer complications, reduced postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays, and reduced recovery times.
As for the case of the surgeons, they may benefit from it through improved ways of using the equipment for a comfortable, safe, efficient and productive way, basically that will result a better performance or outcome. Furthermore, it may help them to enhance their surgical capabilities. However, robot-assisted surgery may be proven effective, the capital and the operating cost are expected to be high.