1. How would you define personality?
From what I’ve learned and experienced in life, I think we all have different personalities because we are all different people and we all are a different race that we belong with, as well as different religions. I also think ancestry and personal experience are what make unique personalities unique. There are no two exactly identical personalities. This is because no two people are alike and no two people grow up under the same conditions with the same experiences and decisions to make. Patterns of thought and actions are ingrained in us as children, and the outcome is who we grow to be as a product of our environment. Personality is only one of the ways a person is unique. Separate from personality is knowledge, skills, values, motivations, memories, resources, and strengths of character.
2. What are some key personality features that define you?
I have a lot of positive personality features that define me. I would say the key personality features that define me are being patience, observant, reliable, and charming. I must admit I have some negative personality traits as well. I sometimes can be picky and Impulsive. I work on improving these negative traits daily.
3. What key concepts or ‘constructs’ are used to explain personality?
Openness to Experience: degree to which you are interested in new things, learning, etc. Conscientiousness: degree to which you are reliable, follow through on things Extraversion: degree to which you are outgoing and sociable Agreeableness: degree to which you are “nice”, cooperative, trusting Neuroticism: Also known as emotional stability. Degree to which you experience negative emotions.
4. Are your personality features consistent or do they change according to
the situation? I would have to say most of my positive personality traits are consistent and the majority of my negative traits arise and change according to the situation I’m in at that time. This is just how I see things and I also thin with me working on improving the negative traits it makes my personality features change.
5. Have you ever taken a personality test before? Yes (only for pre- employment screenings) If so, what was your reaction to the analysis? I don’t have a specific reaction to this type of test because I feel I already know what to expect. These types of personality tests assess the degree to which certain traits or dispositions I possess, or predict the likelihood of how I will engage in certain environment or how I will conduct myself at that particular job. If not, what would you accept a proper test to measure?
6. What would make a personality test reliable and valid? From reading this chapter the classical test theory would lead you to think that personality test are reliable to the degree that it is free from error and provides information about examinees’ “true” test scores and to the degree that it provides repeatable, consistent results. On the other hand, content validity: A test has content validity if it measures knowledge of the content domain of which it was designed to measure knowledge. Another way of saying this is that content validity concerns, primarily, the adequacy with which the test items adequately and representatively sample the content area to be measured. For e.g., a comprehensive math achievement test would lack content validity if good scores depended primarily on knowledge of English, or if it only had questions about one aspect of math (e.g., algebra). Content validity is primarily an issue for educational tests, certain industrial tests, and other tests of content knowledge like the Psychology Licensing Exam.