Our course is entitled CE Practicum 1, also known as On-the-job training in which we are required to complete 80 hours of training on the project site and attend for at least 15 times in one term. And no single visit on the site to exceed for 6 hours. Our first goal is to find on-going project sites that must be at least 10 storeys high and in the superstructure stage of construction. The project should also still be on-going for at least the next six months since we will undergo another 80 hours of practicum at the same site under CE Practicum 2.
The purpose of this course is to be able to learn and experience engineering job on the actual construction site. The week after our adviser orient us with the OJT, we immediately started to scout project sites near the school. We divided our group and find sites/companies from different place here in Manila that would allow us to have an ojt from their projects. We found several companies like Makati Development Corporation (MDC), Millenium Erectors Corporation (MEC), EEI, DMCI Homes and Megawide Construction Corporation (MCC).
From these companies we come up with the decision to have an ojt in MCC since the other companies, their project are too far from the school and that would really cost us and some companies, the process of their application are long and that would waste our time, but in MCC they immediately accept us and we choose our own schedule of having an ojt. Just one disadvantage is that they do not give salaries to job trainees. The company places our group to the project namely “The Linear Makati”.
A brief description of the project is that it is a master-planned residential and commercial hub; it has two towers each in L-shaped form, each 24-storey high, comprise this dynamic community that perfectly caters to the needs of this generation’s young urban professionals. It was developed by Filinvest, one of the country’s leading property developers today. At the start of our OJT, the supervisors orient us about the project and discussed to us that safety should be our first priority on site as well as advises, rules and regulations of the site.
We are required to wear safety kits such as hard hats, safety shoes, highly visibility jackets and gloves. After they orient us, they toured us to the site to just observe and familiarize the place. On the proceeding days, we have experience different tasks mostly done on the site. For me, I experienced riding on the hoists, it was not the usual hoist that would pull you up manually, but it was mechanical and operated similar to an elevator. Another is that, I was assigned for inspecting if there are defects of the building especially on the structural side; some defects most likely are honeycombs and cracking.
For the latest ojt I had done, I was assigned to do progress picture reports, this task was just simple, I took picture on the active floor on site, it maybe structural, architectural or even mechanical/electrical. After taking those pictures, I did a power point presentation simply putting those pictures with a caption on it. Most of the job that I did in this project was punch listing, in which you have to take pictures of defects from the site most likely on the soffit of each floor. Most defects that I saw on the soffit were mostly honeycombs, cracking or even exposed rebars.
Our supervisor gave us plans for each floor to indicate there the pictures we have taken in order for them to use this on their job reports. Another thing is that we have also experienced observing the pouring of concrete even in the middle of the night since they only proceed concrete pouring mostly in the evening to midnight. We have already been assigned to different site engineers and supervisors, some of them we also have been close with. We have been assigned to different fields such as operations, quality control/quality assurance, architectural, warehouse, precast, rebar, formworks, autocad, line and grade, MEPF or even office works.
Under quality control, what we did so far is the testing of concrete samples and punch listing. For operations, we observe the jack-up of the tower crane, concrete pouring and the transport of passenger hoists. For architectural, are the masonry works as well as finishing. For precast, we record the spots on site in which the supports and hook of the precast were not yet removed. For rebar, we observe the rebar caging as well as the installation of these rebars on site. For formworks, we observe how these formworks are being installed, some were being installed manually and some are already ready for installation.
For autocad, we learned it from the autocad operator that in the site plan, there should be a grade line, in order to easily find for the exact dimension when having layout on the site. For the line and grade, the line and grade engineer just taught us on how to layout a specific location on the site such as the drop-off, and he also taught us that surveying is very important when constructing high rise buildings because this field helps the structure to be vertically aligned on its center of gravity, and surveying equipments are also helpful in terms of inding a specific height of a structure especially when you cannot do it because of distractions such as trees and rivers. They use total station to immediately find the height of a structure using theodolite. For MEPF, this actually stands for mechanical, electrical, plumbing and fire proof. What we did here are just simple observations on how they install these water/sewer and electrical lines on site, and we have observed that these pipes were just simply connected to different areas it may be inside the rebar cages, slabs as well as the hallway and bearing walls.
So far, what I learned from the OJT, were the latest technologies the project is using such as precast concrete and rebar cages. The project also uses imported materials such as the formworks, which are still made from other countries. I learned that being part of a construction site is a great responsibility because building large structures such as this project is not an easy task; you should really use all your efforts and skills in order to complete or finish the project with the desired time/schedule.
Having a subject of OJT is very important to each student because this is to train us in our field that we have taken and it really helps a lot since you would really know the things you would do when you are already in the workplace. So when you already have to work, it would already be easy for you to understand the applications that you would experience in the workplace. In addition, you would not only be easy for you to understand, but as well as you would also enhance or improve your skills in the job that you would be taking.
And I thank all the supervisors that I have been handled since they taught me all things that need to be learned on the site and as well as the problems that we would be facing when we are on their positions, the responsibility is important on the job that you would take. I learned so many things from them, different positions and different challenges when we took our training, but might as well as we also enjoyed staying there since we experienced on how to do this and that.
I would also like to thank the office manager of this project since she also taught us on how these files on our report are being done, and she explained every detail in order for us to further understand what the process is when you are in a construction project. For my ojt group mates, without them I wouldn’t have strength and braveness to go on site. So I wanted to thank them because they are lot of help from me especially when approaching engineers on what job we would do might as well as ask for the documents that are needed on the nitial and final report. We also enjoyed being together since we do the job together, taking pictures on site and sometimes we also play games on site. So you would be really get used to being with them and it’s happy for me to be with my group mates. So I just hope that we would pass this course because we really do our best to complete the requirements as well as the group presentation, so that in CE practicum 2 we would still be together and have an ojt to other companies and to know more of the engineers in other companies.
Megawide Construction Corporation (MCC) was incorporated in 2004 to engage in general construction which involves site development, earthworks, structural and civil works, masonry works, architectural finishes, electrical works, plumbing and sanitary works, fire protection works and mechanical works. As of today one of the ongoing project of MCC is The Linear. MCC is the General Contractor hired by the owner which is the Filinvest.
Filinvest has been a major player in the industry for over 50 years. Filinvest prides itself in developing homes and providing avenues for business, life and leisure to Filipino families all over the country. I have been On-the-Job training for 10 weeks already, it’s the end of the term and thankfully I finished the 80 hour requirement. Being part of the uprising construction firm line-up to be recognized like DMCI and EEI feels very fulfilling. Megawide is widely recognized and acclaimed as an advocate of innovative formworks systems from leading manufacturers in Europe.
Their engineers are geared to solve formwork challenges and demands of today’s definitive building developments. Their system ensures projects are long-lasting, efficient, fast and definitely at par with discriminating global standards. Based from my experience in Megawide, I have seen how organized they are when it comes to construction. The Linear Makati is a master-planned mixed-used residential and commercial development that offers affordable condo units with amenities and facilities that are superior to similar projects within the immediate vicinity.
Two L-shaped residential towers will share a common podium with recreational amenities, landscaped gardens, and retail shops for daily needs. Their target date was to finish constructing a 24-storey high one of the L-shaped tower (Tower 1) in a year or less. Therefore their goal is to accomplish 4-stories within one month. I saw how advanced their materials are, they are the first company in the country to use formworks (Doka) straight from France. They are really strict when it comes to time and nothing will stop them from building even if it rains hard.
I am amazed because they are using pre-cast for their slabs and wall partition. They used advanced formworks in their bearing wall and hallway wall. Luckily we were able to witness the topping off of first tower.. The field engineer told us that when the overall head supervisor of Megawide introduced the advanced formworks they were unaware of how it works. The construction workers find it hard at first. But after overcoming and adjusting on the new technology of formworks for hallway wall and bearing wall in about more or less half of the year they can finish tower 1 which is 24storey building.
After the first three meetings of being together as a group because no heavy task were given to us and we are still on the tour in the site, the project manager decided to divide the 5 of us for the rotation of task in different departments. Unfortunately one of my group mates dropped the course at the middle of the term because of the complications that just happened. The project manager wants us to be more hands on in every duty that was given to us by the departments.
These departments are precast, quality control, MEPF, CAD, rebar, formworks, concreting, operations and warehouse. Usually they assigned us by twos, to a certain department in the first week and then assigned to another departments in the following weeks. The slabs are made up of a thin layer of concrete with a Styrofoam on top. The engineer told us that Styrofoam helps to lessen the weight of the slab and the use of cement. It will not just only good for the structure but also a big savings for the contractor.
When the pre-cast slab are being installed that’s the time that the beam will be placed. The beam was at its lying position therefore its height and the height of styrofoam is almost the same so after installation are completed that’s the time the pouring of concrete or “buhos”. The design of the slabs is that the beams are leveled to it that it look like there’s no beam that are being placed. It takes time and patient when you were assigned in a night shift. We have attended and witnessed the concrete pouring or the more recognized term “buhos”.
It is the being done when the rebar and formworks are already in place and they pour concrete. The concrete pouring is done on the hallway walls, slabs, columns and beams. There are two ways they perform the concrete pouring. They do it by the more traditional way by using crane and bucket on vertical structures and use a pump crete in the horizontal ones like the slabs. In my 10 weeks stay in Megawide I could say the most numbered of task that I have accomplished is punch listing. I find it hard because you have to go in to detail of every floor corner to corner.
Take pictures of it and write what is the problem for example there’s a rebar exposed, honeycomb ; other. Generally a punch list is a list of tasks or “to-do” items. We were under the supervision of the quality control engineer that’s why we have to be strict in maintaining the quality of the work. Punch list is made to meet the project design required by the contract, or some other mutually agreed resolution for each item is reached. I realized that a Civil engineer should only not have the brains but also the courage to monitor and inspect the ongoing construction.
An engineer told us that managing the workers on site is one of the toughest and very challenging, because there’s the time that they will not follow your instruction and not do their work on time until you say so while there’s a deadline to meet. They also told us that on site you should be firm and strong-willed to the workers for them to follow you. Sir jersey an alumnus of Mapua one of the field engineers told us that in field “mas okay yungmadiskartekesamatalino” because you need to think how to overcome the delays and be back on track for the deadlines of the work.
They say when you’re a girl usually they were assigned on office works. But for me what man can do can also be done by a woman. Climbing up all the way to the 21st floor is very tiring but I believe even I’m a woman I got what it takes to be a field engineer. I always assigned on field for the inspection and monitoring of precast installation, masonry and fabrication. Being a woman is not a hindrance as long as you can do it and you know you can make it there’s no wrong to be on field.
People ask me why I took civil engineering I just said I love my course and I want to be challenge. There’s a time that one field engineer requesting for the lay-out of the plan and find the surveyor if it could be done. The surveyor told us that it’s difficult because the plan given to us lacks of data so we go back to the office and fill up all the data he needed. The surveyor told us that once we accept the work we should ask first question, not all the time we are going to say yes, because it is different in work.
He told us that if we were on war for example and are opponents are so many and the head of the team tell us to go on war we should not easily answer yes, he said we should ask first question and find out what is the condition in the war zone. That’s the point of the surveyor where I believe is very true. On the other hand the point of the engineer who requested us to do that only wants us to exposed what is the real world in workplace, that if there’s an assigned work for you, you’re the only person who will find a way to finish it, unlike in school you can ask question or ask for help to your friends, classmate and professor.
In the end of the term we witnessed how it is like to work. We learned and saw how it is like on site. Inspection and monitoring of installation of rebars, pre-cast slabs, and wall partitions are added up knowledge for our future works. We also witnessed how the advance formwork has to do compare with the traditional one. They taught us the proper tying of column, bearing wall and hallway wall rebars. It?s very nice that Mapua offers a course like this so that students have the chance to be exposed and learn outside the school or in industry.
The students will be able to be aware of what it is like on actual practice. I know for me to be able to be a good engineer I should have a lot of experience in industry. Someone told me “madameka pang kakainingbigas”. My dad once told me that an engineer who has more experience is better than who have high grades with no experience. I know on the future that I’ll be encountering different experiences somehow good somehow bad but I know for myself that if it is the way to be a successful engineer I am willing and eager to learn and to face it.
I want to help my dad to expand our small time construction company. Hopefully after I graduated I will take the board and be able to pass it so I could start to work. . Generally, the training that we attained is a very rewarding for us as future engineers. I feel more competent because I was able to expose in actual practice and familiar in different files. It made me realize that an engineer job is not easy; it’s not just a fast earning work that may think by others.
Being good engineer you have to deal with different kinds of people, you have to be gumptious, you have to think fast, you have to be selfless, you have to be dedicated and lastly you have to be a good leader by respecting other for them to respect you back. I also learned that teamwork and cooperation is very important in order to accomplish activities. I believe that behind every successful project there’s a team that cooperates, coordinates and work together as a one to achieve one goal. Having all the experience that I had on my first on-job-training, I would like to thank God above all for everything.
He gave me strength and courage every day. He showered me with love and protection. To my parents who have been supportive since day 1 I thank them so much. To the Megawide family who are very hospitable, accommodating and willing to teach us and entertain us with our questions thank you, we hope you will not be tired on us until we finish the 80 hrs. I would like to thank my group mates Renan, Kevin and Jr who are very cooperative and hardworking. And lastly, I would like to thank our Professor, Usec. Raul Asis, for the support and guidance he gave us.