of knowledge?The term suspension of disbelief or willing suspension of disbelief has been defined as a willingness to suspend one’s critical faculties and believe something surreal; “sacrifice of realism and logic for the sake of enjoyment. The term was coined in 1817 by the poet and aesthetic philosopher Samuel Taylor Coleridge, who suggested that if a writer could infuse a “human interest and a semblance of truth” into a fantastic tale, the reader would suspend judgement concerning the implausibility of the narrative. Suspension of disbelief often applies to fictional works of the action, comedy, fantasy, and horror genres.” (1). Cognitive estrangement in fiction involves using a person’s ignorance to promote suspension of disbelief. In addition the word “essential (Something that is essential is extremely important or absolutely necessary to a particular subject, situation, or activity.)” is important to understand as this is what the essay will be based on as we will answer the questions “To what extent is suspension of disbelief essential and present in the natural sciences and in the field of mathematics”. The willing suspension of disbelief with regards to theater, means that the audience members are conscious of what they are seeing on stage is a pretend reality. However, they are pretending that they do not know that and the actions performed on stage is a reality. They accept the given story being told in order to increase enjoyment and empathize and connect with the actors and the story itself. I, being an avid superhero movie lover experience this so called “suspension of disbelief” unconsciously, and without bounds. Some of the most fascinating situations in fiction occur when characters possess superhuman strengths and abilities. A well-fabricated superhero who might be “faster than a speeding bullet, more powerful than a truck, and able to leap tall buildings with a single bound” can provide the template for an infinite variety of fantastic tales. Obviously a follower of this brand of fantastic reality, being myself, is fully ready to willingly suspend an ample supply of disbelief in order to avoid moments of complete incredulity (3). Therefore, suspension of belief is critical and pivotal in theater. Moreover, into something a little more, “studious”. In the Natural sciences, suspension of disbelief is essential because certain assumptions help in producing knowledge. We can not see bonds, however the scientific community hypotheses about them. Through the use of imagination, the belief of bonds between chemical compounds are believed to exist and by engaging with this idea, scientists are able to explain how bonding occurs and the different types of bonding. It’s all about the attractions between the atoms. Take an ionic bond, one of the strongest bonds out there, we know it is caused by strong electrostatic attractions between the atoms in which one completely takes an electron or gives it up. If there was connection between them it would look almost surreal. Therefore, when observed, we are looking at the attractions between the atoms, not for certain a “bond”(4). However, with this knowledge, scientists have suspended their beliefs and the discovery of the attractions between atoms has given way to a plethora of scientific discoveries that have changed the way we see the world. Some examples are an understanding of metabolic pathways like photosynthesis, a modern understanding of ecosystems as environments in which matter and energy flow through living and nonliving component and more insight into better treatments for diseases such as cancer. For over two thousand years, it has been generally accepted knowledge that the Earth we live on is spherical in shape. Greek Sailors may have been the first to quantify it: they reported that an approaching ship’s sails came into view before its body was visible, and correctly reasoned that the surface of the sea was indeed curved. These things in combination created a strong case for the Earth being “necessarily spherical” as Aristotle wrote in his book about the “Heavens”.There are, however, actual human beings living on this planet who once believed it to be one giant flat plane. The ancients had many novel ideas about the shape of the earth. The Babylonians thought the earth was hollow, to provide space for their underworld. The Egyptians thought the earth a square, with mountains at the edge supporting the vault of the sky. With this knowledge and speculations individuals like Christopher Columbus, set out to view the world as not flat, rather spherical. When Columbus set sail in 1492, he predicted he’d make landfall in Asia. History recounts that he defied Spanish officials sailing west instead of East because he was certain the world was round. Through the use of intuition from his own personal knowledge and reason, he was able to set out on his voyage. Voyages like this led to an increasing number of people taking the leap and exploring the unknown, which further increased societies awareness and understanding about the world (5). Lastly, in the field of mathematics, “suspension of disbelief” was crucial as it gave way to new discoveries in other areas of knowledge. All along during my studious math classes, we were told we were not able to take the square root of a negative number, we were only able to square a positive number. Now, however, you can take the square root of a negative number, but it involves using a new number to do it. This new number was invented / discovered around the time of the Reformation. At that time, nobody believed that any “real world” use would be found for this new number, other than easing the computations involved in solving certain equations, so the new number was viewed as being a pretend number invented for convenience sake. This new number was called “i”, which stands for “imaginary”. Its is called “imaginary” because everyone knows that “i” is not real. The imaginary defined as . This equation enables one to take the square root of a negative number and get an accurate and validate answer. We had to entertain the thought of this “imaginary” number because it has real life applications such as modelling how electrical circuits or forced spring/damper systems behaved. This discovery of the “imaginary” number created knowledge, the movement of the shock absorber of a car as it goes over a bump is an example of the latter. Therefore with the consistent use of imagination, a path to intuition was created which then conceived knowledge in other areas of knowledge such as the natural sciences. However, on the contrary, mathematics utilizes mostly intuition, logic and reasoning. A real life example of this would be the generic 1+1=2, through our growing intuition and logic, we are able to derive this answer, therefore showing that the area of mathematics relies on logic, which creates knowledge as math is prominent in most subject areas. In conclusion, suspension of disbelief is essential in some areas of knowledge such as the arts, as it allows the audience to engage in the piece being showcased. However, in other areas, suspension of disbelief can be utilized to initiate the growth of knowledge.