The Middle Ages was a period that brought many changes to the world. It affected Europe in its economy, politics, ideology and many more aspects. The impact caused by all of these changes in this era was so overwhelming that it modified practically every aspect of life and existence for the civilization in that historical moment, as well as the development of modern day society. For this reason ,the Middle Ages should be considered a time of transition in which many things changed, some for better and some for worse. That is what makes this particular historical period such an important one.
To be able to recognize the changes that this period caused Europe, we must compare the previous era (Anglo-Saxon) with the medieval period. We can accomplish this by mentioning different aspects of society and how the Middle Ages introduced new ideas in each of these individual aspects. The most obvious change that the Middle Age brought upon European society (specifically England) is that it introduced a new social system called Feudalism as well as the French language to England. The best way to explain the Feudal system is to compare it with a chain of command.
God is the supreme overlord; beneath him is the King who appoints vassals to whom he gives land. Those vassals later divide and give their lands to barons (who take care of these lands). Another contribution this era brought to society was that it introduced a new type of warrior or hero called a Knight. These modern soldiers were in charge of protecting their lands as well as serving militarily. Another social change was that women became the subservient to their men. This means that her husband, father or brother determined their social standing as well as the respect that she was given.
The period also introduced “Chivalry”, this was a system of ideals or rules to follow in every day life as well as in battle. These five examples are merely a small portion of the total amount of changes that Europe succumbed to during the transition between the Anglo-Saxon era and the Middle Ages period. The impact caused by this new era did not only affect society in that time, it also influenced the development of our modern day society in many aspects. An example is in our literature; the Chivalry rules (previously explained) gave rise to a new form of literature called Romance, which is still used by authors now in the present.
Many aspects of medieval society caused changes in Europe that are still present in the rest of the world; examples of this are the crusades, bubonic plague and the medieval church. The crusades made it possible for Europeans to have cultural exchange with Middle Eastern civilization; this allowed them to learn about eastern mathematics, astronomy, architecture and crafts. The medieval Church helped unify Europe under one common system of belief. The bubonic plague indirectly caused the end of Feudalism and provoked the emergence of the Renaissance period.
All of these aspects indirectly affected the development of our modern day cultures and society. If not for influence of the medieval period, our society would simply not be the same. The Middle Ages was a time of change. An era that transformed Europe form what it was during the Anglo-Saxon period into a new phase of history, and this phase also influenced our modern civilization in many ways. This is why I consider the medieval period to be extremely important. It is part of our history, and our history defines who we are.