LORENZO WOLCZKODECEMBER 13, 2017I SEARCH DRAFT 4CO2 CAPTURE AND USE IN PRODUCTSPart 1On average, my family consumes 2 bottles of sparkling water a day, made from a Sodastream. One day, as I was coming in the house from school, hot and sweaty from the long school day, I grabbed a crisp, cold glass of sparkling water. As I took my first sip, I realized, “Wait a minute, CO2 is causing climate change. Does the CO2 in sparkling water come from emissions? If not where? Could we bottle CO2 emissions to make sparkling water?” However, I soon forgot about it, until now. By researching this, I could help the planet, and learn something in the process.Part 2When I began researching this topic, I knew very little about it. I knew I would have to research the production of carbonated products, CO2 capturing methods, and storage of CO2. I knew there could be a method to turn captured CO2 into some sort of solid because of something my sister said about an article she read. I also knew the environment would be impacted by less CO2I assumed a few things as well. I assumed that carbonated sodas and Sodastream CO2 bottles don’t already use emissions, because they probably would have advertised that on their bottle or can. I also assumed that there is a big market for this technology because of climate change, and that CO2 capture is expensive, otherwise people would have done it already.There are a few questions I’d like to answer with my research, the first of which is, where does the CO2 from a Sodastream bottle come from? If it isn’t from emissions, could we reduce climate change significantly by bottling CO2 from the atmosphere? Is it even possible to bottle CO2 from emissions? Overall, I wanted to find out more about CO2 capture and storage, and how much of an impact it could make on climate change.Main Research QuestionCould we impact climate change by turning CO2 emissions into products for resale?Research Sub QuestionsWhere does the CO2 from a Sodastream bottle come from?How much could we reduce greenhouse gas emissions by bottling or storing them?Is there a way to bottle, capture, or store CO2 emissions?What happens to CO2 when you drink it?Is CO2 capture profitable? Can money be made, or does it have to be done out of the goodness of one’s heart?Part 3 There were a few sources which guided me during my research. The first was Dr. Phillip Milner, a PhD doing research at UC Berkeley. I emailed Jeffrey Long, the principle investigator of the Long group, and he pointed me to Dr. Milner. I learned about Jeffrey Long from an article I saw in Berkeley Science Review. I went to Dr. Milner’s lab in Berkeley on January 4, and he gave me an overview of what he did at his lab, as well as a tour of his lab and his equipment. Dr. Milner is currently working on a porous material, meaning it contains many holes, used for carbon capture. Just a jar of this material has the surface area of more than two football fields. The material is coated in an amine, which reacts with CO2, thus capturing it. It only takes heating to 100? for the amines to release the CO2, so you only have to put it in boiling water to release the CO2 from it. The second source was one I found with google in The Guardian newspaper. It was called “Indian firm makes carbon capture breakthrough” by Roger Harrabin. The article gave a lot of interesting information about the efficiency of carbon capture, as well as some of the technology used and some statistics. I used 6 sources in all, but these were the most helpful. I had a few challenges in researching carbon capture, but not many. First of all, there was limited information. Even if there are many resources to learn about Carbon Capture, they mostly have the same information. Finding an interview was also pretty hard, because I emailed 5 people and only one of them responded. But aside from these two challenges, my research went well. There were a few ways in which I evaluated my sources. First of all, I would check things like the date and author for credibility. I would also ask Dr. Milner if they were credible. The first two sources I found were from The Guardian and Time Magazine, which I know are credible sources. The information on the other sites I used matched the information on the first two, and from Dr. Milner, so I knew they were credible. There was really only one perspective to look at carbon capture in the sources I look at, which was that it’s only a temporary solution until clean energy takes over. Overall, the sources I used were checked thoroughly and all of my information is most likely correct.Part 4Ever since the industrial revolution, humans have been pumping millions of tons of CO2 in the atmosphere (6). One climate change was theorized, people realized they need to stop producing CO2. Although forms of renewable energy energy exist and are definitely part of the solution, we can’t survive on green energy alone (6). Even if we could, we would need some way to suck the existing CO2 out of the air to become climate neutral. In addition to clean energy, the other necessary component is carbon capture, a group of techniques used to capture CO2 from the air. Throughout my research, I learned about the different carbon capture methods, the efficiency of carbon capture, CO2 storage methods, and the unexpected uses of carbon capture. The first and most important thing I learned about carbon capture is the methods used to capture CO2. Something else I learn about carbon capture was how efficient it was, and whether or not we could survive on only carbon capture. In addition to learning about carbon capture methods and efficiency, I learned about storage techniques. Fourth of all, I learned about some uses of carbon capture you might not expect.