Legislations with properly and gives a chosen



Enduring Power of Attorney Act 1985 

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Powers of Attorney is a legal document of which you have to give consent to
give someone power to deal with your financial matters. Power of attorney makes
sure that people’s financial matters and dealt with properly and gives a chosen
individual responsibility for financial matters this is usually used when
someone loses their Mental Capacity and or unable to deal with financial


some cases individuals may need extra assistance in this case then someone in
legal capacity can assist you when dealing with your financial affairs is
called an appointee, this has to be someone who is trust worthy and close to
the individual. This Act links to someone with dementia because of the
condition, mental state is never the same as it was before dementia.  



Mental Capacity Act 2005 


Mental Capacity Act provides the framework for people to make decisions on the
behalf of others who lack mental capacity. To see if someone has the mental
capacity to make a decision, they will have an assessment. They are classed as
lacking mental capacity if they cannot: understand information about the
decision, retain that information, use that information or communicate their


are 5 key principles of the Mental Capacity Act:  

Presumption of capacity –
do not presume someone does not have the capacity to make a decision

Make own decisions – give
a person independence to make decisions and give them the appropriate support
to do so. 

The right to make unwise
or ‘foolish’ decisions. 

Ensure the best interest
of the individual is put into consideration.  


Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups 2006 


Act was creating in response to the recommendation that new arrangements should
be made so that anyone working with children or vulnerable adults should be
registered. It provides the framework for the Vetting and barring service and
will control who is able to work with children and young adults and who is not,
depending on factors such as criminal offences. This
links to dementia as someone will need to get a DBS check to ensure a
vulnerable adult (someone with dementia) will be safe with someone looking
after them. 


Mental Health Act 2007 


act is the law which sets out when you can be admitted, detained and treated in
hospital without your consent – this will only be done if an assessment has
taken place and you have been declared as mentally unstable. In addition, you
will only be labelled as this if your life is at risk or you’re putting someone
else’s life at risk. However under the Mental Health Act, it states that you
have the right to appeal and get an advocate. This
associates to dementia as someone in the later stages where the severity is
high may be taken to hospital as they could become aggressive and put other
people at risk of abuse or harm. 


Single Equality Act 2010 


Equality Act protects people with the following characteristics: age, gender,
sexual orientation, culture, religion, disability, ethnicity, pregnancy /
childbirth and sex.  Dementia links to the Equality Act because it is classed as
a disability therefore it protects those who are suffering.



Putting People First

Putting people first was
published by the Department of Health in December 2007. The main purpose of the
framework is to improve practice within the NHS and
private / independent sectors. Putting people first supports
older people, people with chronic conditions, disabled people and people with
mental health problems have the best quality of life and the equality of self-governing
living is essential to a socially just society. For
many, social care is something that is comprehensively depending on and it is vital
it is not taken advantage of and used for the wrong reasons for example given
to people who don’t require the care. (Department
of Health, 2007). Below are the areas of which have
been improved:


early intercession
and re-enablement


advice and advocacy

Some outcomes which ensure people are supported are ones
such as: 


Health and recovery

Keep control over their own life (unless necessary
someone else makes decisions)

Ensure children or young adults are circumvented
of being asked and expected to take on inappropriate caring roles

Maintain dignity and respect.

The organisation hope to accomplish national and local
leadership by dependable partnership
working with the local NHS, other constitutional agencies, third and private
sector suppliers, users and carers and the wider local community to create a
new, high quality care system which is fair, reachable and responsive to the
individual needs of service users and carers.  


Living with Dementia – The National
Dementia Strategy

A national
dementia strategy was published
in February 2009. The national dementia strategies aim is to a vision for renovating dementia services with the aim of attaining better awareness of dementia, early diagnosis and high quality treatment at whatever
stage of the illness and in whatever setting

The strategy hopes to promote a greater understanding of
the causes and consequences of dementia. It also hopes to encourage and create
a change in the way that people view dementia, and care for people living with

“Our vision is for the positive
transformation of dementia services. It would be a system where all people with
dementia have access to the care and support they need. It would be a system
where the public and professionals alike are well informed; where the fear and
stigma associated with dementia have been allayed; and where the false beliefs
that dementia is a normal part of ageing and nothing can be done have been
corrected. It would be a system where families affected by dementia know where
to go for help, what services to expect, and where the quality of care is high
and equal wherever they might live.”

D1 – The role of team work in improving the health and quality of life for
people with dementia and evaluate how different approaches to caring for people
with dementia can affect individual outcomes.

Team work is an essential skill to have throughout life
and will help throughout challenging situations that they individuals may face.

There are many people who will have to work as part of a
team in order to ensure a positive outcome for individuals such as service
providers, therapists and specialist’s etcetera. A team is where a group of people
who have shared aims but different roles, the professionals to create an
outcome, whilst using their own specific skills in different ways. Teams will
come together frequently to deliberate new ideas / opinions and theories or recapitulate
findings. The team must have distinctiveness and have no more than 15 members
or else ideas can become confusing, some people may disagree with other people’s
ideas and therefore this can become disarrayed.  Teams will work on evidence-based practise this
means that they will be dealing with real-life issues with up-to-date and
relevant information.

Different professionals work together in different ways
an example of this would be a service user visiting a GP surgery with consistent
pains and the GP may then consult a significant specialist to involve them and
give them a pre-warning of how to deal with their pains and how to resolve the
issue. Furthermore, an individual who assistances people at home / home carer
may work carefully with the service user’s nurse at the hospital to safeguard
the service users and make sure that they are getting the right treatment and
can provide extra care when necessary.

Different teams can
be beneficial when working together for instance, if a family member or close
friend of a service user living with dementia is working closely with their
nurse or set carer, they can confirm any details about the affected individual if
they don’t know the answers of questions due to forgetting or becoming confused
of the situation. If there is someone who lives with the individual suffering with
dementia then they will be able to tell the health care professionals of any
changes in behaviour, furthermore they will also be able to maintain a record
of the individual’s medication and how they are dealing with everyday life.


Residential Care

Residential care is
when a service user lives at home with supervision of a health care
professional. A residential care
home may be more beneficial than independent living or home care as the home
will have particular areas for someone suffering dementia. In some situations the first step towards selecting a
care home for someone with dementia will be to get an assessment which will be done
by the local authority social services. This will make clear whether or not the
Individual will need a place in residential care and what other options might
be available. I believe in some cases a residential care home will also
be ideal for someone suffering with dementia as it will have security factors
such as sensors when a service user climbs out of bed that will switch on their
bathroom light or alert a nurse that they’re up.

Dementia advisers

The dementia adviser service is mainly for people with
dementia, as well as their friends, family and carers. The service provides
them with a named contact throughout their journey with dementia.

“The dementia adviser service costs £400 annually for each person with
dementia. It is tailored to individual need, supported by the Society’s
constantly evolving national and local information base, and by a developing,
integrated range of high quality information, education and support services.
The cost of the service in a locality, reaching 200 people with dementia and
their carer’s and families, varies between £70 – £80,000 per year.”

 The service first
of all has an opening meeting at a centre or at the
person’s home, if they cannot attend the centre. The objectives of the meeting
are to;

§  Listen
and answer questions raised by the person affected by dementia

§  develop
with the person a personal and tailored Information Plan, using information
planning tools that the Society is developing

§  providing
tailored information in the person’s chosen format

§  Sign posting to other
services, national and local, as appropriate.

Following up
from the first meeting there is a second meeting which will be put into place 2
– 4 after the initial meeting. The follow up meeting will involve:

§  helping
with further questions after the initial meeting

§  support
to find and access information independently for a range of services

§  Looking
to, and planning for, the future

§  Providing
general information and signposting.

Following the second
meeting there will be regular contact with individual and carers as specified
in each individual’s Information Plan. The outcome of the service will be the
fact that the affected individual and family and friends will receive more information
and have things tailored to their individual needs. Individuals also will have been
supported to access society and other services and have experienced a combined
approach with health and social care professionals and other voluntary

Dementia Friends

Dementia Friends, created
by the Alzheimer’s Society’s aim is to change people’s view of dementia for
instance they want people to describe somebody with Dementia as ‘someone living
with dementia’ instead of ‘someone suffering with dementia’. They don’t want
people to think a person being diagnosed with dementia is a major issue. The
programme makes people aware of dementia and provides information and advice. Dementia
Friends encourages people to learn about Dementia itself and it can affect
people, but also how we can give support. People not to judge a person straight
away because you do not know what.

There are two ways to become a
Dementia Friend. The first is to attend a face-to-face Information Session in
your community. Alternatively, you can become a Dementia Friend by watching our
online video.

If you want to do more, then consider volunteering as a Dementia
Friends Champion and help to
inspire more people to become Dementia Friends. (Alzheimer’s society)

Through dementia
friends individuals are volunteering, campaigning and generally spreading the
word about Dementia Friends.

There are 5 key
messages that Dementia Friends want to spread, first of all the programme
itself is about understanding. Helping people understand what dementia is and
promoting people to not just judge someone with dementia because of their
condition. There is more to a person who is dealing with dementia than just
dementia. Sometimes they may get confused and have trouble with everyday life
but they just need guidance and support. Dementia is not an ordinary part of
ageing, regardless of it being more common in older people. Dementia can occur
with any age. Dementia is caused by disease of the brain therefore Dementia
Friends wants people to know about the physical cause and the sciences of the
disease instead of being in the dark about the core information. Lastly it is
possible to live with dementia.

Dementia friend’s supports
people with dementia and if you would like to support people living with
dementia then you can. Anyone can become a dementia friend regardless of their characteristics.
Dementia Friends are managed by Dementia Champions which is again a
volunteering service.