important that all meaningful social activities, intense experiences, conversations,
caresses take place when people are standing, sitting, lying down, or walking.
One can catch a brief glimpse of others from a car or from a train window, but
life takes place on foot. Only “on foot” does a situation function as a
meaningful opportunity for contact and information in which the individual is
at ease and able to take time to experience, pause, or become involved.” (Gehl
are five different way for planning isolation or contact. Walls, long
distances, high speeds, multiple levels, and orientation away from others are
the means to design isolated environments. On the other hand, no walls, short
distances, low speeds, one level and, orientation toward others are the main principals
to design a contact based place.
3. To assemble or disperse: city
and site planning
To assemble or disperse
activities and people are assembled, it is possible for individual events to
stimulate one another. Participants have the opportunity to experience and to
join in other events. However, this doesn’t mean that in all circumstances
assembling is the necessary solution, on the opposite depending to the
conditions both aim, assembling and dispersing, can be equally relevant.
and site planning there is a number of planning decisions which influence the
assembly or dispersal of people and events. These decisions must be examined in
large, medium, and small scale; at the large scale, in city and regional
planning; at the medium scale, in site planning; and in the small scale are
inseparably linked. If there is a problem in primary planning level, then it is
not possible to have a well-functioned and well-used public space. “The bottle
for high quality in cities and building projects must be won at the very small
scale, but preparations for successful work at this level must be made on all
planning levels.” (Gehl Jan, 83) If people and events are assembled sensibly,
the result will usually be improved conditions for communal activities as well
as for privacy.
large scale, when residences, public services, industries, and trade functions
are placed separately on large lands; people are dependent to transportations,
this kind of cities disperse people and events. When the public spaces in a
city are the most important elements in the city plan, and all other functions
are located alongside and facing the street; people and events are consistently
assembled. At the medium scale when buildings are placed at great distances
from one another, people and activities are dispersed. To allow assembly, the
distances for pedestrian traffic and sensory experiences should be as short as
possible. At this scale streets and squares are important planning elements. At
the small scale it is necessary to design in details and use careful planning
of the elements which support the life between buildings. Again dimensions has
crucial role on assembling or dispersing people and activities.
3.2. To integrate or segregate
says that, integration implies that various activities and categories of people
are permitted to function together or side by side. Segregation implies a
separation of functions and groups that differ from one another.