In behavioral issues concerning morality, psychologist work is to investigate and analyze the development and nature of moral attitudes on people. Excessive consumption of alcohol has been the major problem affecting our population over the years. On of the major problem associated with it is binge drinking problem common in teenagers and adults. Binge drinking disorder means heavy drinking of alcohol over a specific time span or over several days, this problem is commonly practiced among teenagers and adults. Psychologist study the responses of children and adults to ethical dilemmas such as binge drinking, we are going to look at finding based on research carried out to determine effects of alcohol on various age groups. And also how binge drinking has become problematic among teenagers and young adults and reasons why alcohol consumption should not be made illegal but certain measures put in place and circumstances under which beverage alcohol can be purchased and consumed (Colman 9).
Adolescents at the age 12 and 17, are likely to use alcohol and this results from peer pressure or availability of alcohol in the house, later leads to behavior problem associated with the substance abuse. According to the findings released by Substance Abuse and Mental Health services Administration, teenagers are reported to have aggressive, delinquent and criminal behaviors in relations to binge drinking. The reports link a strong relationship of alcohol use in teenagers and young adults to many emotional and behavior problems. Due to the alcohol abuse, teenagers start developing vises such as fighting, stealing, avoiding school, driving under the influence of alcohol that may cause major accidents, feeling depressed and also they may try to deliberately hurt themselves. Long term effects of binge drinking can lead to serious damage to the brain and increase memory loss later in adulthood. Adolescents are not left out as they are also vulnerable to brain damage from excessive consumption of alcohol as it impairs activity of the brain receptors responsible for memory and learning activities. Binge drinking causes health problems such heart disease that results from accumulation of abdominal fat which is a is major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (Buddy Online).
Drinking age legislation varies from country to country with each one of them having different views on youth and drinking. For instance, United States has been reported to have one of the highest beverage alcohol age purchasing power in the western world. The average age for alcohol consumption is 21. Drinking age was raised form 18 to 21whic has greatly reduced consumption of alcohol among teenagers and made it harder for them to buy alcohol. Behavioral problems will be reduced as well such as excessive drinking, causing accidents and health related problems. If people start drinking alcohol later in life, they are able to exercise precautions and drink moderately therefore less likely to become alcohol dependants. However, raising alcohol age consumption from 21 to 25, does not completely erase binge drinking, teenagers can be able to access alcohol by asking older people to buy for them. Educating young people on the dangers of alcohol consumption could be helpful to them. The education should explain to them the dangers involved in excessive drinking and therefore encourage them to stop drinking or drink moderately. If this is taught at school or at home, the people in charge should be interactive with the young people, get their ideas on how they plan to stop drinking and build on them either than talking at them because they hate lectures (International Center for Alcohol Policies 4).
National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984 rose drinking age from 18 to 21 and tremendous results have risen out of it. Later a research was carried out to determine if the new law in age increase had any positive impact on the youths in lowering traffic fatalities. Based on the statistics on alcohol related carried out by The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHSTA), road accidents dropped by 43% for people under the age of 21 from 5062 to 2883 during the year of 1987 when the new law were effectively implemented through 1996. There is a greater impact over the years since age limit 21 alcohol consumption was increased. The age limit should not be lowered because alcohol-related fatalities will increase. If we observe the statistics complied by NHSTA, when the minimum alcohol consumption varied from 18 to 21 in the years from 1982 to 1986, alcohol related alcohol traffic accidents were higher than later in the years from 1986 through 1996 (International Center for Alcohol Policies 4)
Solutions to reducing binge drinking in adults are increasing taxes on alcohol. Alcohol demand will be reduced greatly and many of the problems brought about with excessive drinking will reduce. The brighter side of it is that revenue for the government will be increased, on the other hand, liquor stores will not sit back with no customers and less profits, they will instead they will import low duty alcohol from abroad. The government can not effectively stop alcohol consumption in its populations but instead extensive education on effects of alcohol consumption should be awarded all over our media and liquor shelves. Celebrities have fallen victims of binge drinking behavior; examples are actress Sean Young, Britney Spears and Amy Winehouse. Young people look up celebrities as they role models and in most cases; they easily pick up the vices either than the virtues. Anyway what sells on the media is celebrity gossip, it based mainly on bad habits, they rarely speak about good virtues of celebrities, and if that’s the only information they read in magazines and watch in TV, they are likely to be negatively influenced by it. Consumption of alcohol should not made illegal as health benefits with moderate consumption are linked to it.
In conclusion, moderate consumption of alcohol is alright but also caution should be exercised to avoid falling victims of addiction. However binge drinking should be discouraged as increases incidents of strokes in adults and young teenagers prone to alcohol-related traffic fatalities. People are so much preoccupied with negative implications of alcohol consumption. The government and the industries for brewing alcohol should develop a rational policy that will be able to remove the negative emotional fears attached to alcohol so that it can allow the majority of moderate alcohol users to benefit from guilt-free consumption. Secondly, it should be able to protect society and binge drinking individuals from the harm of immoderation. Sending abuse-prone individuals to rehabilitation centers helps correcting binge drinking tremendously. Parents should avoid storing alcohol in the house as it encourages teenagers to start drinking at an early age.
“International Center for Alcohol Policies.” March 2002. Drinking Age Limits. Retrieved
October 26, 2008, from;www.grsproadsafety.org/themes/default/pdfs/Drinking%20Age%20Limits.pdf
Buddy, T. 1 July 2006. Alcohol and Behavior Problems. Retrieved October, 26, 2008,
Colman, Andrew, M. (3rd Ed).What is Psychology. London and New York: Routledge, 1999