ISIS, of refugees living in the border

 

ISIS, a militarist Jihadist group formed in April 2013 and entered the chaos in which rebel groups and religious extremists
fought against Syrian president Assad’s dictator regime. ISIS built strong
totalitarian Islamic caliphate and quickly became the most violent and
successful extremist organization of the world. All side committed horrible war
crimes, using chemical weapons, executions and repeated civilian attacks. A third of Syrian people have been displaced within
Syria. Over two hundred thousand civilians have been killed and around four
hundred thousand people have been displaced and over four million have fled the
country. The vast majority of them reside in camps now in the neighboring
countries. This paper will discuss recent scholarship and journalism concerning
Syrian refugee crisis in neighboring countries and their effect on host
countries beside effect of immigration on children and treat of Gulf countries
toward Syrian refugee crisis.

Salam Kawakibi in a study did for the Migration
Policy Centre at the European University Institute in Florence, states the
dispute between regime and armed opposition that committed atrocities resulted in
massive departure of people from the targeted towns. His discussion of the
issue was extensive and I will focus on it a lot. Thousands of refugees living in the border regions sought asylum in
Turkey, Jordan, Libya and Iraq. He emphasizes that the situation of refugees
depends on the conditions of the host country. For instance, in Lebanon Kawakibi
states militia forces who are close to the Syrian regime try to threaten and
control these refugees and he mentioned that their financial situation is dire.

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Unlike Lebanon, Jordan has set up camps for 100,000 refugees in the desert. The
life conditions there are poor and Jordan’s capacity to host refugee population has reached its maximum.  Moreover, the author then talks about
refugees in Turkey that are being discriminated against by the people of the
region; however, the Turkish government has taken responsibility for their
shelter and protection. The author adds Europe has received thousands of
Syrians.

Many sources discuss about anti-Syrian protests in Turkey. ??BBC news agency states hundreds of people have
clashed with Turkish police in Istanbul during a protest against the rising
number of Syrian refugees. Youths shouted anti-Syrian slogans, some of the
armed with sticks and knives the clash began when a Turkish property owner was
murdered by a refugee according to a report. Similarly, Telegraph UK news
and Thomas Siebert writes in National World AE; the massive influx of
refugees from Syria has led to rising public anger in southern Turkey with
allegations of rising living cost, the undermining of Turkish businesses, and
pressure on jobs. 

Many sources discuss the effect of displacement
on children. Author Khaled Al Masri at Children of Syria site writes more than
700,000 Syrian refugee children are unable to attend school in neighboring
countries Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. (UNICEF regional office) Due to
educational organizations are overloaded and cannot deal with the extra student
load.(childrenofSyria) UNICEF USA organization also talks about effect of
crisis in Syria on children with the heading title “The Crisis in Syria, Four
Yeas On, 14 Million Children Now Affected “. Syria is the world’s largest
producer of refugees. Four million are on the run; half are children reports
UNICEF USA organization.  Over eight
thousand children have crossed Syria’s border unaccompanied by adults. In the
four years of conflict, children have lost their home, school and communities.

Their life has been threatened by violence, brutal winters and malnutrition
(unicefusa.org). In a survey Leah James, Annie Sovcik, Ferdinand
Garoff and Reem Abbasi did at Refugees
Study Center in Oxford University in Jordan reveals refugee children are
hopeless. Eight thousand children participated in this survey 15,1 percent are
feeling afraid, 28.4 percent are angry 26,3 percent are hopeless and 18,8 are
unable to carry out daily activities.

The organization European Council on Refugees and Exile, Michael Pearson, Holly
Yan and Arwa Damon in CNN, Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN); a
humanitarian news agency and Aljazeera news agency discuss about border
restriction of some countries to Syrian refugees. The main theme in these
sources are after hosting thousands of people in recent months Syria’s
neighbors made restrictions on the entry of the refugees. These sources say the
governments argue the flood of refugees had a negative effect on their
economies, in some cases lead to increasing insecurity. They want extensive
international support to continue such high numbers of refugees. These
neighboring countries are Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey. In addition,
Aljazeera news agency writes Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban has
indicated people cross the border illegally from Serbia will be detained and
the requests for trying to enter Hungary from Serbia will be rejected. The
Serbia police have detained almost 10.000 people for illegally crossing.

On the other hand, Michael Martinez writes in CNN news
agency and Luke Harding, Philip Oltermann and Nicholas Watt reported from the
Guardian Germany is the largest European country to accept request for asylum
in EU. Germany could take 500,000 refugees annually for several years, said the
German Vice Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel. While UK has taken few refugees around166
from 2014-2015.  Also, the Guardian
reported thousands of ordinary Germans have volunteered to help refugees
arriving daily.

Subsequently the United Nation Higher Commissioner of Refugee
(UNHCR) talks about the economic impacts of refugees in host countries. As
highest concentration of refugees is in poor countries, their presence leads to
demand on natural resources, educational and social services that may cause
pressure on their economics.

Conversely the 2016 republican
presidential candidate, Donald Trump in an interview with fox news said; if he
is elected, he will expel Syrian refugees. He stated “we have our own problems
we are not supposed to help them while other rich Arab countries are not
helping refugees”.

One another issue discussed many sources is why are not rich Gulf
countries taking in Syrian refugees. CNN reports most European countries has
struggled to deal with Syrian refugee crisis but no Syrian refugees have been
resettled in Gulf nations like Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman and
the United Arab Emirates, countries with significant financial and political
power. Gulf countries states they have given millions of dollars to the United
Nations to help the refugees. They stress that Syrians have entered Gulf States
on visas and stayed. Additionally, Amnesty international indicated not only
Gulf states not helping victims of war but also high-income countries like
Russia, Japan, Singapore and South Korea have offered zero resettlement
options. In addition to this point Euro news, states the Gulf States are not
signatories to the United Nations Convention on Refugees of 1951 that defines
the refugee states and the duties and rights of governments.  In addition, answers the question why
refugees want to go Europe which Europe has the best laws for them. In
addition, Gulf States do not show good intention toward them.Works Cited

v    Fantz, Ashley. Anderson, Becky. Elwazer,
Schams. “Refugee Crisis: Why aren’t Gulf states taking them in?”, CNN
news, September 8, 2015

v    “Why aren’t rich Gulf states welcoming Syrian
refugees… or are they?”, Euro
News, September 25, 2015

v    “Cheering German Crowds greet refugees after
long trek from Budapest to Munich” the Guardian, September 5 2015

v    Seibert, Thomas. “Syrian Refugees Face
Backlash in Turkey”, The National World, August 3, 2014

v    “Turkey protest in Istanbul over Syrian
refugees”, BBC News, August 25, 2014

v    Galatsidas, Achilleas. Anderson, Mark. “Syrian
refugees: 3.5 million people flee to neighboring countries”, the Guardian,
March 11, 2015

v   
“The Crisis in
Syria, Four Years on, 14 Million Children Now Affected”, UNICEF United
States Organization, March 13, 2015

v   
Al Masri, Khaled. “Conflict
drives 13 million children out of school in the Middle East and North Africa”,
Children of Syria, September 13, 2015

v   
“Social and
Economic Impact of Large Refugee Populations on Host Developing Countries”,
UNHCER (United Nations Refugee Agency),

v   
Campbell, Collin. “Donald
Trump: Syrian refugees could be an ISIS ‘plot’ to launch a massive ‘military
coup’ against US”, Business Insider, October 5, 2015

v “Austria imposes
border controls over influx of refugees”, Aljazeera News, September16, 2015

v “The Global Refugee
Crisis (A Conspiracy of Neglect)”, Peter Berenson House, 1Easton Street,
London, United Kingdom, Amnesty International Ltd, 2015