In of Classical and Medieval Artists, books

In the Renaissance Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press which impacted Europe. The most important consequences of the printing press were spread of ideas, weakening of the Catholic Church and the development of education. One of the most important consequences of the printing press was spread of ideas. The invention of the printing press contributed to the spreading of Humanistic ideas and the revival of classical literature. In a list of Important Works of Classical and Medieval Artists, books from authors of different periods were being printed; all books were printed during the Renaissance and were examples of classical literature (document 6).Desiderius Erasmus also used the printing press to spread humanistic ideas when his book the “Praise of Folly” was spread across Europe. The invention of the printing press also helped spread ideas because it increased literacy, books were cheaper and easier to print. In a graph showing Prices and Quantities of Printed Books in England between 1495 and 1639,  it can be observed that book editions and volumes are increasing and they are cheaper (document 4). Due to the facility the printing press was offering, many authors such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe started sharing their ideas and thoughts with the society and that way they increased the number of literature and creative pieces. Through increasing the literacy among people and rebirth of classical and medieval literature, the printing press contributed to spread of Humanistic ideas, helped people gain essential knowledge and making the access of the materials easier. Another crucial consequence of the printing press in Renaissance was weakening of the Catholic Church. The invention of Johannes Gutenberg caused a disruption in Christianity and made the church hard to exercise its control over the society. In an article named “The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe” written by Elizabeth Elsenslen in 1983, it is illustrated the tension which the invention of the printing press brought to the society. Elsenslen explains that the printing press had a harmful impact over the people by causing a religious warfare (document #1).  By creating pieces of literature which claimed that the individual has to determine his/her own actions not the church, Sir Thomas More also expresses the idea that the church is not in control of the society. The printing press also contributed to weakening the Catholic church by causing people to become protestants. A map representing the different types of religions in Europe during 1560 shows that most of the people in Europe are protestants whose views on the religion are in a contrast with these of Catholic Church (document #2). Between Protestants and Catholics arose a conflict since both of the communities were using the printing press to influence the public – the Protestants were printing revolutionary books whereas the Catholics – anti-Reformation materials. Due to the invention of the printing press tensions in Christianity occurred. Making the books more accessible and filling them with facts and knowledge about the world caused people to lessen the importance of Church and God. By providing people with scientific facts about the world’s existence, the society started to weaken the impact of the Catholic church.The final most important consequence of the printing press  over the society in Europe is the development of education. The printing press had a positive impact helping the education develop faster and easier  through the foundation of universities. A map picturing the different universities found in Europe throughout the centuries illustrates that when the printing press was invented the number of the universities became greater than previous centuries (document #3). The different universities offered to the students multiple types of information since with printing press people were able to translate any book into a different language. The Gutenberg’s invention also made the books more accessible and increased their importance by providing people with knowledge and new ideas. A list created by Charles Coulston Gillespie representing Isaac Newton’s Bookshelf shows the books by famous authors supplying Newton with the needed knowledge and giving him ideas in order to be The Father of the Scientific Revolution (document #5). Many books by well known professors or scientists giving essential information were reborn with the assistance of the printing press. The foundation of such a great amount of universities and providing people with textbooks and information made the development of education one of the most influential consequences of the printing press, The big number of universities helped people to develop themselves in multiple directions and extend their knowledge and their point of view. During the Renaissance Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press which showed great influence on people’s everyday life. It contributed to the spread of ideas by increasing the volumes and number of editions and making them cheaper and more massive. Also, it weakened the impact of the Catholic Church over the society by providing people with more information about the existence of the world. Finally it developed the sphere of education by making more literature pieces and textbooks available and by founding great amount of universities which helped people to advance their knowledge and abilities.