In what ways do Scout and Jem wish their father was different at the beginning of chapter 10?They think “Atticus was feeble” and that he “didn’t do anything.” He started becoming old and “he was nearly fifty.” Other fathers would drink, smoke, play, have exciting live while Atticus worked in the office and never touched anything that would be bad for him. “Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit ’em, but remember it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird.” How does Miss Maudie explain this quote? In a more general sense, how does this quote explain Atticus’ philosophy of life (why, for example, Atticus does not go hunting)? What is the connection between this quote and the title of the novel?Miss Maudie says that Mockingbirds “make music for us to enjoy” selflessly, and don’t hurt us in any way, only sing beautiful melodies for us to listen to. Such a good creature deserves to have a good life, and killing one would be a sin. It relates to how Atticus looks at life, because he believes that everything in innocent and shouldn’t be harmed. Like I said earlier, the mockingbird symbolizes innocence, so to kill a mockingbird is to kill innocence, like how Scout grows up and is able to understand more of the world around her. Which of the novel’s characters so far might be considered similar to mockingbirds? Explain using textual evidence from the novel.Jem and Scout are very innocent to this point: they believe there is only good in the world and they wholeheartedly trust everyone. An example of Jem losing innocence is when Atticus tells them the truth about Mrs. Dubose. He had no idea of what the truth was, he only followed his own opinion of her. “Well is right,” said Atticus. “She’s not suffering any more. She was sick for a long time. Son, didn’t you know what her fits were?” Jem shook his head.”Scout loses some of her innocence when she discovers how people are going to criticize her dad and she has to stick up for him no matter what.”You might hear some ugly talk about it at school, but do one thing for me if you will: you just hold your head high and keep those fists down.”Another mockingbird is Boo Radley. He is a kind and thoughtful person, and his personality is very nice, despite going through such a rough childhood and having people make up hurtful rumors about him while he has nobody to confide in.”When I went back—” Jem took a deep breath. “When I went back, they were folded across the fence… like they were expectin’ me.” Some people suggest that the mad dog is a symbol for the evil that exists in Maycomb, specifically the racist attitudes that many of the townspeople have. What evidence can you find in this chapter that supports this idea?I think it symbolizes all of the contrary opinions that Atticus faces, that Atticus tries to shoot them down and tries to move on forward, no matter how many people “said he lawed for niggers and trash.” People are calling him bad things and throwing insults at him, but he refuses to be shaken by whatever they say, and even makes Jem apologize for destroying Mrs. Dubose’s bush because she insulted him. How does Atticus punish Jem for hacking away at Mrs. Dubose’s camellia bushes? In what ways does this punishment turn out to be a good lesson for Jem?Atticus makes Jem go to Mrs. Dubose to apologize, and Mrs. Dubose asks him to read to him for two hours. During that time, she makes it as painful as possible and ends up having a fit and going unconscious at the end anyway. This teaches Jem to not hurt anyone like that ever again. She asks him “You regret it now, don’t you?” to make sure he learned his lesson. According to Atticus, Mrs. Dubose had made one goal for herself before she died. What was it? How did Jem unknowingly help her reach that goal? How does this explain the significance of the alarm clock? The goal for Mrs. Dubose was that she would get rid of her addiction to morphine before she died. Jem helped her by reading to her to distract her from morphine. She made Jem stay for 2 hour sessions, and the”alarm clock was the signal for their release.” Eventually she knows that she can handle 2 hours without morphine, and she breaks out of her addiction. Why does Atticus consider Mrs. Dubose a great lady? What is Atticus’ definition of courage?Atticus thinks that Mrs. Dubose is, “the bravest woman he has ever met.” She has an addiction to morphine, and she truly believes that she can get rid of it, which is true courage to Atticus. Atticus think anyone can hold a gun and be brave, but the courage that Mrs. Dubose has is phenomenal.