In order to complete this
Literature Review, secondary data would be gathered to provide the evidence. Secondary
information is raw data that have been already gathered for some other purpose.
Secondary information can be both raw data and published summaries (Saunders,
Lewis & Thornhill 2009). Secondary analysis may be qualitative or
quantitative in nature and can be used combined with other research data to
Quantitative data can
be all data, whilst qualitative data can be all non-numeric data or data that
have not been quantified. Both can be the used for all research strategies
(Saunders, Lewis & Thornhill 2009). The use of secondary data can be more cost-effective
and less time-consuming to gather than the use of primary data. Secondary data in
this study would be gathered from information from various books, articles,
journals and relevant news reports.
The analysis of
secondary data allows researchers to examine data collected for other purposes.
For example, in this study of the effects of long-term unemployment it includes
the reanalysis of questionnaires habitually collected by government or private
employment agencies. Raw data and statistics from the National Audit Office of
the UK and other agencies would be used to further solidify and support my
discussions. However since it is not
primary data, it is impossible to be completely confident in the quality of the
data since interviewer bias may have tainted the data.
When exploring and gathering information, potential ethical
situations may arise and one should not attempt to apply any unethical method
on intended participants to grant access to particular information. These
situations may include gathering information that is not issued to the public
and also falsifying evidence (Robson 2002; Sekaran, 2003). Furthermore, data
and any information gathered would be properly stored and protected.