I to the health of an animal”.or

I chose this topic because animals are a very important to be aware of the present and future consequences of animal abuse. This has the objective of creating awareness of human actions that create some of the problems(such as, animal cruelty which finally leads to extinction of the species) we are facing nowadays, and the ones we are going to face.The law in Indonesia against animals suggest that if; “Any person who without reasonable objective or by overstepping what is permissible in reaching such objective, with deliberate intent causes pain or harm to an animal or injury to the health of an animal”.or 2. “Any person who without reasonable objective or by overstepping what is permissible in reaching such objective, with deliberate intent withholds the necessary sustenance from an animal that wholly or partially belongs to him and is under his supervision, or from an animal to the sustenance of which he is obliged”.  Maximum imprisonment of three months or a maximum fine of three hundred rupiahsLocal:Local illegal trade reveals unknown dangers to the species, traffic of wild animals origin is a major threat to biological diversity creating a need for legal protection of traded species in local areas. The trade encircles demand that is driven by a hunger luxury products as well as for meeting daily needs for food, clothing or medicine. The illegal trade in wildlife has become increasingly sophisticated and poaching of wildlife, especially of high-value species, such as tigers, elephants and rhinoceros, has increased substantially. The emerging picture of the illegal wildlife trade is that organized criminal syndicates provide the trafficking routes and methods to join together source countries with increasingly wealthy end-user markets, primarily in Asia, Indonesia to be more specific . However, these assumptions require further critical analysis to excavate the complex dynamics of the illegal wildlife trade. Furthermore, the corruption, weak judicial systems, and light sentences allow criminal masterminds to keep exploiting wildlife with little thought to consequences that lay ahead. These points make illegal wildlife trafficking a minor risk business with high profitable returns.  Most of the time, the poachers are the only ones caught, leaving the real sinnisters and their network safe and functional with the ability to re commit their crimes. Global:Poaching of endangered species to feed the illicit global trade of wildlife – estimated to be worth between $8 and $10 billion per year excluding fisheries and timber – is rising at an alarming rate. Activity in the illegal ivory trade is more than three times greater since 2007 than was it during the last peak in 1998, with the street value of ivory able to reach up to $2,200 per kilogram in Beijing,China.  A Rhino horn can sell for up to $66,000 per kilogram more than the price of gold in the Chinese black market.Just as important as the devastating effects on biodiversity is the evidence in this report that the illegal wildlife trade damages the state authority and fuels civil conflict, threatening national stability and restraining substantial economic losses internationally. But the true scale of the trade is unknown, as are its indirect costs in security and political implications. Restricting an analysis of the global implications of environmental crime to biodiversity considerations limits the focus to wildlife supply countries. The illegal wildlife trade involves poachers, armed non-state actors from source nations, international crime groups and institutional corruption across global network chains and a range of players involved in demand countries – from organized crime syndicates and non-state actors to legitimate authorities. Next, the problems facing an enforcement approach are critically considered, the key issues being: under-resourcing, the large ‘dark-figure’ of wildlife crime, the possibility of corruption, the lack of seriousness with which such crimes are viewed, and the lack of deterrent effect. Finally, responses to the problems of enforcement are presented, categorised as either methods to improve enforcement or, as the they advocate, methods which are alternatives to enforcement. Possible Solutions:  Legally forcing relatively poor communities to choose between their own livelihood and the survival of the animal protection laws is not a sustainable solution.To be effective, laws established to protect the endangered animals need to be reinforced by public education that effectively illustrates the serious case of extinction and the importance of conservation. In addition, economic resources are needed to support currently underfunded enforcement efforts, as well as community-based programs on sustainable development.International governmental and non-governmental organizations can coordinate policies and targeted economic sanctions to pressure any animal-range governments to increase their political commitment to endangered species protection.To be able to develop long-term political and economic incentives. Conservation groups and governmental organizations are working with community-based groups and people from rural areas to develop economic incentives to support and participate in conservation programs.Personal Opinion:The market for ivory carvings, rhino horn, shark fin delicacies, tiger pelt decorations, and the like is fueling an underground, illegal economy that creates new market opportunities and revenue sources for transnational criminal networks. The high-profit, low-risk nature of the crime continues to draw in even more nefarious criminal elements, including some groups with links to terrorism and rogue military personnel. Wildlife trafficking is undermining the rule of law throughout the supply chain—from breeding official corruption on the ranges, at ports, and in courts, to driving away honest park rangers and local communities who fear for their lives. And wildlife crime is quickly decimating iconic species, whose disappearance, a looming and real risk would strike to the core for all the people of the world. Striking a blow against the demand that fuels the illicit trade is another cornerstone of the Strategy. A key element of achieving that objective was the President’s announcement of a near ban on commercial trade of elephant ivory—a prohibition of imports, exports, and domestic sale of ivory, with a very limited number of exceptions. The government expects the Indonesian market for commercially traded elephant ivory to dry up once the ban is in place and previous loopholes are closed. Local wildlife is treated as an important resource by several rural communities, often the poorest, in mostly of the developing world. Some rural households depend on wild animals for nutrition requirements, plants and trees for fuel, and both wild animals and plants for herbal medication. Finally, I want to conclude by saying that strong enforcement is critical to stopping those who kill and traffic in protected wildlife. Indonesia takes wildlife trafficking crimes very seriously, and  have had significant successes over the years in prosecuting those who smuggle and traffic in elephant ivory, rhino horns, South African leopard, Asian and African tortoises and reptiles, and many other protected species. The Strategy will enhance enforcement efforts here in Jakarta as well as the work we do to help our foreign partners develop their capacity to adopt and effectively enforce laws that will stop poachers and wildlife trackers.