Hi,In today’s technological world, sustaining science as a source of new knowledge and innovation has become as important to modern society as maintaining the nation’s capabilities in manufacturing, trade, and defence. The extent to which public funding in the developed world supports science is testimony to society’s recognition that basic as well as applied research must be carried out to advance the public interest.Science itself is a living enterprise. With few exceptions, acquisition of scientific knowledge is a cumulative process that depends on researchers’ continuing ability to collect and share data. This capability has been strengthened by the advent of information technology, which is supplying powerful new tools and enabling new styles of working. However, far-reaching changes involving complex technical, economic, and legal issues also have begun to alter the conditions for exchange of data among scientists, especially across national boundaries.High-density storage and memoryEncryption/authenticationAbility to protect copyright, the privacy of individuals, and data integrity.Imbedded encryption in numerous products expected to make privacy and security applications manageable. Widespread application of public-key encryptionPacket asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) communicationsSupport for high-speed, flexible transmission of video and images.Long-term steady growth in ATM applications over high-speed fiber-optic links. Use of ATM within local area networks, competitive with other local area network (LAN) technologies (e.g., 100-Mbps Ethernet)SensorsExtension of the range of that which can be observed (more precision, more spectral range, higher sampling frequency, less calibration effort)New multispectral sensors, improved resolution, smaller and more numerous satellites. Additional terrestrial applications (e.g., agriculture).Small satellites (and inexpensive launches)Lowering of barriers to entry for remote sensing applications.Increased space and ground remote sensing activity. Broader array of applications.bWireless (space and ground) communicationsCapability to enhance communication in remote areas or areas where post, telephone, and telegraph have limited capability/capacity.Worldwide access to voice and high-speed data transmission within 5 years. Wireless systems filling in to meet communications needs that ongoing investments in fibre cable or wire line systems have been unable to accommodate.It’s about discovering completely new markets that meet previously unknown and therefore untapped customer needs. And in the age of Internet commerce, the act of innovation becomes an even greater challenge, awash in a sea of new ideas. Therefore the drive toward selecting and executing the right ideas and bringing them to market before your competitors takes on an urgency that has been previously unknown, yet is sure to increase in the rapidity of its scale in the years ahead.