General President, Moon Jae-in, elected 10 May

General DispositionThe Republic of Korea is a nation situated in Eastern Asia, ——– the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea. South Korea shares borders with only one country, North Korea, but it is surrounded by numerous other nations such as the Republic of China, the People’s Republic of China, and Japan. As of July 2017, South Korea’s population is approximately 51 million. The governmental power in South Korea mainly resides to the President, Moon Jae-in, elected 10 May 2017. Head of government is Prime Minister Lee Nak-yon, appointed 1 June 2017. Furthermore, South Korea remains affiliated with many international federations, such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the United Nations, and the The World Health Organization.Through its many years of international relations, South Korea has remained amicable and cooperative with its partners. South Korea’s economy strongly correlates to the three other regions in the Four Asian Tigers: Singapore, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. By the early 21st century, all four had developed into advanced and high-income economies, industrialized developed countries, specializing in areas of competitive advantage. South Korea and Taiwan are world leaders in manufacturing information technology. Additionally, South Korea has forged strong relationships with the United States, Canada, and Germany. South Korea has also taken great measures to form international allies by actively participating in the G-20 Summit. Undeniably, South Korea has had a profound influence on the United Nations in the past few years. Ban Ki-moon, a South Korean diplomat, served nearly ten years as the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations, progressing in the Paris Climate Accord, the initiation of the UN Women program, and the creation of the Israeli-Palestinian peace agreement. Ban Ki-moon was also awarded three major accolades for his international work.  South Korea’s legal system, for decades, has been feasible under the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, the most basic law of the land. The Court Organization Act, which was passed into law on 26 September 1949, officially created a three-tiered, independent judicial system in the Republic of Korea. The judicial system of the Republic of Korea is composed of the Constitutional Court of South Korea, 13 District Courts, the Supreme Court of South Korea, six High Courts, and several courts of specialized jurisdiction, such as the Family Court and Administrative Court. In addition, branches of District Courts may be established, as well as Municipal Courts. South Korean courts are organized and empowered in chapters V and VI of the Constitution of the Republic of Korea. As of 1 July 1960, the Korean Civil Procedure Act was enforced, officially ousting the Japanese procedure law. This led to a greater level of organization in the judicial facets of South Korean law. Although jury systems in South Korean law have been vastly irrelevant, a few experiments have been commenced since January 2008. Finally, capital punishment, although rare, has appeared in South Korean legal penalties. As of 2017, there are at least 300 people in South Korea under a death sentence.   Topic 1: Establishing a Global Price on Carbon EmissionsAs of late, carbon emissions in South Korea have grown to substantial rates, and has created legislature to reduce our outflow by 37 percent by 2030. Unfortunately, our country’s emissions are projected to reach 850.6 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent by 2030 based on BAU levels, a joint statement from the environment, trade and energy, and finance ministries. South Korea has decided to raise the target from the reduction scenarios, considering our leadership in climate changes such as inviting the Green Climate Fund, our global responsibility, and opportunity to develop new energy business and innovate manufacturing sectors. For a multitude of years, South Korea has led the way for environmental preservation, outlined by the deliberate cut to greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 to 30 percent below BAU levels. With regards to our international stance, South Korea believes in a governmental response, in the form of a carbon tax. This will inevitably urge South Korean corporations to develop new technology that will effectively reduce CO2 while also constructing a cooperation agreement to share its new technologies and reinforce its eco-friendly campaign. Our primary objective by implementing this carbon tax is to encourage less fossil-fuel extraction and a rapid transition to clean and green energy. In conclusion, South Korea deems that in order to ameliorate our current ecological disposition, we must administer an efficacious plan of action, in this case, a carbon tax.(How has korea helped UNEP ie money, ads, legislature)Topic 2: The Question of Preserving Endangered PollinatorsThe welfare of the environment has been a priority for South Korean lawmakers for decades, and in that time, a number of problems and perspectives have transpired. We acknowledge that North America’s bee population has experienced significant declines over the past 140 years, with some species facing the harsh realities of extinction while others are in critical stages of vulnerability. South Korea has also endured dwindling populations of fireflies, a key pollinator of plants in our principality. To address this issue, we developed a three-part state of the art complex to house research areas and indoor/outdoor breeding facilities. One particular zone, the Research Zone, operates as research facilities that have the ability of expanding as the type of research may grow. Held in Yeongyang County, a relatively remote and mountainous area, we have created the world’s first International Dark-Sky Ecological Park, now a UNESCO biosphere reserve. This park aims at conserving endangered wildlife in South Korea, while simultaneously allowing animals to thrive in their respected areas. In addition to fireflies, this compound houses a variety of wild animals such as: otters, goats, falcons, wildcats, and martens. The underlying intention of this project is to adapt the creature to the environment and release them back to the wild. The designers have tried to minimize impacts on the local environment by including as many sustainable features as possible, like solar panels, geothermal heating and cooling, and building locations chosen to maximize natural lighting and ventilation. Conclusively, South Korea believes in an increase in wildlife-friendly infrastructure in order to raise awareness of the species that are currently being harmed. ConclusionAlthough South Korea is still finding its place on the world stage, the legacy of this nation is unequivocally bright, at present. With the present technological revolution we are currently undergoing, South Korea will soon become a world leader in innovation and technology. Seoul, the South Korean capital, has bloomed into a cultural hub with high-profile architecture, top museums and an influential arts scene like that of no other. Of relating to international issues, South Korea is prepared to create and negotiate legislation that betters our world, for the people and the environment. We have a strong world-first mentality that coerces us to create a healthier and more sustainable world. With conviction, South Korea pledges allegiance to the United Nations and all of the countries that consociate with this organization.