Experience experiences” done by Chantal M.J.H. Savelsbergh,

is an important thing for project managers. This is because experience can
gives confidence to project manager when they are facing some problem and
issues that pertain to project management. According to the journal “Development
paths of project managers: What and how do project managers learn from their
experiences” done by Chantal M.J.H. Savelsbergh, the experience gained by
project manager is classified into two types which are formal and informal
learning experiences. Formal learning takes place within an officially
organized learning program occasions such as undergraduate and postgraduate
education with a particular project management component. While informal
learning may involves study from personal experiences such as mentoring and
learning from complex problem during the internship. In this research,
semi-structured interviews and short survey were conducted among 31 project
managers. Most of experience is studied from informal on-the-job learning.
Though this survey, it shown that the project managers are tend to learn about
different skills from their first learning experiences compare to learn from
later learning experiences. Both hard and soft skills are learned by project
managers from their experiences. Experience is act as an important role for
projects managers in developing a successful project.

achieve the success of the project, project manager act an important role to define
the limitations of the projects such as time, budget and resources and they are
required to predict the situations that may occur. According to the conference
that done by Kirsi Liikamaa which title is “Developing a project manager’s
competencies: A collective view of the most important competencies”, competency
is defined as a capability or potential which including a set of trade
behaviours prepared around an underlying assemble. Competency modelling is used
to look for job-related information and employee capabilities in the control of
employees. The competencies are divided into two main groups which are personal
competencies and social competencies. For personal competencies which included
self-awareness, self-regulation, cognitive skills and motivation. While for
social competencies are included empathy and social skills. In this research,
self-evaluation is performed by 750 people. They are project managers in
difference organizations and also university students whose studied completely
in their project. Leadership competency was evaluated as the highest because it
is an important capability for project manager to lead the group members as
well as to motivate and act fair toward them. The lowest competency was
evaluated as production efficiency with statements concentrated on the
distribution of obligations, the effective usage of sources and the
organization of tasks. Analytical thinking was chosen by respondents as the
willingness to improve the most. By having the analytical thinking, respondents
can carry out a lot of solutions to solve the problematic situations. Besides
that, achievement drive is evaluated as the most important desirable
competencies for a project manager. Hence, there is important for the
organization to encourage their project managers in improving their
competencies in order to manage and achieve the successful of project.

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