Romeo and Juliet is known as the greatest love story of all time. A story of star-crossed lovers in a forbidden love story. The two teens found love at first sight. A central theme of this play is fate. Fate is the development of events beyond a person’s control, regarded as determined by a supernatural power. Fate plays a huge role in the way this story is presented. Shakespeare presents these two lovers as enemies, one being of the house of Montague and the other of the house of Capulet. The two families despise each other and always have. Was it fate that these two were destined to be together or just coincidence. In the prologue before the play even begins we learn that romeo and juliet’s love is already “death-marked.” Before viewers even know what the play is about they learn about its tragic end. The prologue specifically states that, “A pair of star-crossed lovers take their life.” so it is not a secret what happens to the two characters. Even though this is only the prologue directors should have this scene be a very important point in the play. DIrectors should have the chorus really articulate the words and slow down the reading so that the listener can really take in all the information they are giving us. This will also help the listeners understand the theme of fate. In Act one the viewer learn how in the beginning of this story Romeo is actually in love with a different girl named Rosaline. These two were definitely not fated to be together. In scene one Romeo is depressed because Rosaline will not be with him. Later in the scene Romeo states, “Tut! I have lost myself; I am not here; This is not Romeo, he’s some other where.” By saying this he is stating he is not himself and that his mind is somewhere else or that he is not focused. Then for the rest of the play fate puts Romeo into situations that were out of his control. Because of this Romeo and Juliet’s first meeting was fated to happen because fate is determining their future. The way these two meet was not planned. Romeo was at the party to find Rosaline and just happened to have his eyes wander and see juliet, But the reason these two meet was fate. DIrectors should pay close attention to these two scenes as they are crucial to the plot of the play. Another big example of the theme fate is in act five. After Juliet has taken the drug and is thought dead, Friar Lawrence has sent a letter through Friar John to get to Romeo to tell him that Juliet is alive. Sadly the Message never gets to Romeo. Friar John explains to Friar Lawrence, “Going to find a barefoot brother out, one of our order, to associate me here in the city visiting the sick, and finding him, searchers of the town, suspecting that we both were of the house where the infectious pestilence did regin, sealed up the doors, and would not let us forth, So that my speed to Mantua there was stayed.” Friar John is explaining here how he was quarantined and stopped and was unable to go on to Mantua. When Friar Lawrence asked who got the letter to Romeo Friar John responded with, “I could not send it.” This meaning Romeo never got the important message. This small error will set off a chain of reactions that will end in there fated end. Romeo later finds Juliet and not knowing she is still alive he takes his own life. When she wakes up from the sleeping potion she asks the friar where Romeo is. The friar responds by saying,”some higher power has changed their original plans.” This higher power is their fate. It was also fate that the friar didn’t make it to her tomb on time. After the friar leaves Juliet makes the drastic decision the take her life also so that she can be with him. She then speaks the infamous lines, “Yea, noise? Then i’ll be brief. O happy dagger! She snatches Romeo’s dagger This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die. she stabs herself and falls” This is the moment when the two characters fates came to an end. They were both fated to die and so they did. This scene is very dramatic is the moment that the whole play had been leading up to. Romeo and Juliet’s deaths were not the friar’s fault. It was fate that fated the two star-crossed lovers to their dreadful death. The story of Romeo and Juliet will go down in history as one of William Shakespeare’s greatest plays. Their story is a love story of star-crossed lovers dealing with their fate. Romeo and Juliet’s fate is out of their control throughout the whole play. Directors should make sure the theme of fate is a big part of the play. This story is a love story of tragedy and fate. The story is a the power of what fate can do to change the course of two people’s lives.
HOW TO LIMIT YOUR BELIEFS AND STICK TO YOUR GOALS
We have many
beliefs about ourselves like you think
that this goal is easily achievable, you can do it. It is our behavior to trick
our brain to do some work. For example, you believe that you are that person
who never skip workout; you are the person who can do any work on a day and many others. And sometimes we
have negative mindsets also like you believe that you can never lose weight,
you can do skip rope for 100 times and much more that hold you back. In short,
you have certain mindset or belief regarding yourself that is not completely
true. We have some suggestions on how to change your beliefs and stick to your
Adjust your beliefs
happens that the results of the goals are not as expected. You were expecting
the exact results that you have in your mind. But maybe you were less known
about the facts, or you have less information about the goals. So try to adjust
and add new beliefs to your mind.
Remove negative beliefs
Beliefs are formed by
our past experiences and different incidences. There are many negative beliefs
also that you are maybe not aware of. Remove it from your mind. There is
nothing that can stop you from achieving your goals. These negative belief
about yourself stops you from approaching so many things that you would love.
Drop off the negative thoughts and replace it with new positive thoughts. Start
practicing to think good about yourself.
You should know why you want to
It is difficult to change our mindset because it was
established by life experiences. It’s very important to understand why you want
to change it. For example, if you are planning to lose weight, then you should
know why you really want it, why your colleagues are not happy to work with
you? If the answers are motivating and positive then go for it.
Start with small
You cannot change all your beliefs in one day; you need
patience and will to do it. Create mini-goals to do it. Start with small goals,
sometimes it feels that it is not important and productive to start with small
things but believes it; it will take you to the heights of the success.
Don’t be scared of failure
Obviously, if you are trying something new and different,
then there will be ups and down and maybe failure. It is important for you to
never lose faith in yourself. Every failure teaches you a lesson that you will
never forget in your life. Don’t afraid to fall, it will help you stand again
with more intensity.
In 1882, German Microbiologist Robert Koch identified Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium which causes tuberculosis(TB). This bacterium founded in both humans and animals. It causes lesions in the lungs which is known as tubercles (Aldridge, 2016). TB is contiguous disease. However, it can be cured, prevent and treated.
TB affects one-third of the world’s population. It is the most preeminent cause of death and second leading cause of death from communicable disease worldwide. In 2013, 9 million new cases of TB were reported. The case detection rate was around 64% because around 3.3 million people who affected from TB was not reported or not diagnosed. At the same time, 1.1 million people were estimated to have tuberculosis- human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection (Dheda, Barry & Maartens, 2016). TB is particularly found in Africa and Asia. As a result of, 86% of TB cases reported in these areas (Kakchapati, Gyawali, Jha , 2012). the burden of TB is Multidrug-resistance TB(MDR-TB) which is the result of inadequate treatment or irregular medications. Resistance to both isoniazid and rifampicin is known as MDR-TB. Morbidity and mortality rate of MDR-TB is higher (Kakchapati et al., 2012).
Types of TB
90% people infected by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria remains asymptomatic and they can not spread an infection to others known as latent infection (Zumla, Raviglione, Hafner & Reyn, 2013). Approximately 10% of latent infection can progress to active infection if not treated properly on time. Active infection has symptoms. It can transmit the infection to others. There are another two types of tuberculosis, pulmonary and extra pulmonary TB which is categorized on the basis of human organs. In pulmonary TB the lungs is affected. TB which affects others parts such as, skin, female reproductive organs, meninges, the abdominal cavity is known as extra pulmonary TB. Pulmonary TB is about 85% of diagnosed cases where as extra pulmonary Tb is 15%.
also known as monism is when the soul and body are part of the same physical
object. Materialists often don’t believe in life after death as they don’t
believe that the soul exists but some materialists believe in resurrection
which is a form of life after death, materialists often argue against the
existence of God as they sometimes have scientific views or scientific
dualism is the belief that the soul and body are separate entities. Dualism
supports the theory of life after death but there are different forms of
dualism like relative and substance dualism (Descartes is a believer of
substance dualism). Dualism suggests the soul moves on after the human body dies,
some dualist theories believe the soul passes on to a different world only
visible by God.
of a materialist theorist is Richard Dawkins. Dawkins theory is called the
selfish gene theory, this theory states that life after death occurs by the
passing of one’s genes to his/her offspring through reproduction. So as
generations of a family are born the person continues to exist through their
children and relatives. This theory is based on scientific research and facts.
It is a materialistic theory as humans will always continue to exist through
their offspring or a physical object. Dawkins himself is an atheist so he
wouldn’t necessarily believe in a soul anyway.
selfish gene theory has its criticisms the main one if that humans (eventually)
will cease to exist and every human will die in the future, therefore your
genetic material will die out. In China they had a one baby rule for many
parents so lot of people have no
siblings or relatives (just maternal and paternal) so if a person Is infertile
they will be unable to have children and because they have no relatives their
family line will die with them. Finally Dawkins is often criticised himself for
being too critical on religion, with him being an atheist he often rules out
the idea of God and other things that
could have an effect on what happens after we die.
materialist is John Hick who came up with the replica theory; Hick rejects
dualism and puts forward a belief in bodily resurrection. Hick believes that
people do have a soul but human beings are psychosomatic also, resurrection is
a divine action where an exact replica of ourselves appears somewhere else in
the world. Furthermore, Hick believes resurrection happens immediately after
death and that resurrected people appear on a different world that is overseen
and controlled by God himself.
theory faces a lot of opposition one of the main criticism is that if you can
make one replica, why not make hundreds? There is no evidence to support the
theory even though the theory is based on the bible, which means criticising the
replica theory means criticising the bible. Hick even admits his theory has its
weakness as he has criticised it himself, Hick states that if you die old then
you are resurrected old, so if you die from a terminal disease then you are
resurrected with this disease.
Since the beginning of the study of Christ Jesus also know as our savior, the Bible doesn’t show to much about his childhood. His childhood from his years 3-12 and then from the years 12-27 is a mystery. The little than we know from our bible class we will find out a little more about Jesus childhood. According to the Bible in the book of Luke 2:41-52 it talk about the only record of Jesus when he was 12. Surprisingly there is no other written document in the Bible that talk about Jesus childhood at anything after this. In his childhood he was a well behaved kid but probably he got bullied a lot for being sucks a correct kid in the eyes of men and God. On the website mthaley.org it states:1.”(Hebrews 4:15). We remember how Jesus was tempted by Satan in the wilderness (Matthew 4:1-11). We remember how Jesus had real human emotions like anger (John 2:12-22), sorrow (John 11:32-37), love (Mark 10:17-21), and many others. But was Jesus ever bullied?”This shows with even passages in the Bible giving us support of this claim. Even Satan himself was trying to kill him since he was born and try to tempted him when he was older so most likely he was tempted when he was a little kid too. He also had human emotion and he wouldn’t use his power to fight back of defend himself from the temptation or the bullies treatment they gave to him. Another part of Jesus’s childhood was when he went to the temple at the age of 12. According to Luke 2:41. In Luke it’s states as such, ” Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the Passover, and when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.”According to Luke this was a custom for Jesus to go every year to Jerusalem for the passover. But there is something weird about this. The Bible only talk about Jesus when he was 12 years of age after this the Bible stays silent for a least 15 years. On a website I found it states,2.”The 12th year was the final year of preparation for a lad before he entered full participation in the religious life of the synagogue.” This shows that the year 12 is an important age for the Jewish people. Another website states, 3. “The ages of 12 and 13 are around the time when most young adults typically begin to physically mature” This show how the years 12 and 13 responsibly and trust in the young adult. So this should be the same for Jesus. His was turning into a young man Another part of Jesus’ childhood is even he got lost in Jerusalem. According to Luke 2:44-46 it’s states,”but they, supposing him to have been in the company, went with a day’s journey; and they sought him alone their kinsfolk and acquaintance. And they found him not, hey turn back again to Jerusalem, seeking him. And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple..” When was the last time that you where lost for 3 days? Exactly. How would you have lasted without food,water, or shelter in a city that you have never been in. Jesus was a really smart kid but he never used his power until he was 27 so you can’t say he just used his power for those 3 days. At the end he was found by his parents and they went back home. But still the Bible doesn’t say how he survived those 3 day or talking about anything else until he 27 and when he start is mission to change the world l. The last topic that we will talk about is when he relished that he had a mission in this world. The most likely place he found out about his mission was in the temple. When he was 12 he was able to go inside the temple to see the sacrifices of animals. Imagine it’s ur first time your in the temple and the first thing you see is the high priest with a knife killing so many animals. You can even imagine the smell of all the animals in the temple. He must have notice that he will be the lamb that will save the world from sin. It was have been hard for him to understand completely at that age but he was getting the picture of what his mission was in this world. In luke 2:46 and 47 it states, ” sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them question. And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answer.” This shows how much he has learn and how smart Jesus actually was and how he understood his mission in this world. In conclusion, Jesus’ childhood was not the easiest but also had its purpose. For him to get ready for his mission was not easy. He has human characteristics like getting mad and angry but he never ever sin in the eyes of men and God. This was a quick peek of Jesus’ childhood, the rest is a mystery…
One of the most influential world leader, V.Putin announced that he is interested in having one more mandate as a Head of world largest state, Russia. He submitted his candidacy to the Russian competent institution, Central Election Commission.
Presidential race in Russia activate world attention, when, on Monday, the Central Election Commission, declined to confirm the presidential candidacy of Alexei Navalny, Russian opposition leader. Comission explained that he is not able to compete due to his conviction in 2013 for filching 16 million rubles or around 236,000 euros.
General assessment surveys in Russia shows that presently, around 80 percent of nationals support Putin to act one more mandate as a President.
In spring, 2018, exactly, on 18 March, Russian citizens will give their vote for a candidate they believe deserve to lead their nation.
Navalny, who is known as the coordinator of the demonstrations against Russian President Vladimir Putin, whom he blames for debasement, was viewed as one of the possible applicant that could challenge the Putin’s possible victory.
The motivation behind the decision about Election Commission’s rejection is Navalny possible criminal involvement for what he was sentenced in 2014.
Navalny contends that the trial against him was politically driven. He even call his supporters to not show on the election day.
Having in mind that in the 2012 elections 65 percent from the Russian voters gave Putin their trust, every turnout beneath 60 percent in the 2018 elections, Navalny will eventually pronounce as his wining.
With the expulsion of Navalny, Putin’s rival will be Pavel Grudinin from the Communist Party, who succeed the very known socialist presidential candidate Genadij Zjuganov.
Russia and the foreign medias
Russian President Vladimir Putin marked a law a month ago enabling Russian Government to name the media as “foreign agents”, if they are financed by countries, nationals or associations from abroad. This decision is a sort of reaction to US “strong interest” for Russian media.
The previous regulation was related only to the media financed by American government, yet, the new one expands its scope.
her way to college, Rachel Carson not only graduated with a masters in zoology
and became the second woman hired by the US Bureau of Fisheries, but she also wrote
many books, which greatly impacted the United States. Born into an impoverished
family, Rachel Carson overcame many obstacles while in college, and became one
of the 100 most influential people of the 1900s.
Rachel Carson, born on May 27, 1907,
found her love for nature and animals at an early age while exploring her
family’s 64-acre farm in Springdale, Pennsylvania (Michal; Souder). She always
loved exploring the woods by her house with her dog, Candy, and noticed all the
bugs and different types of trees with her eye for detail (Hustard). Because
Rachel’s dad, Robert Carson, traveled as an insurance salesman, he often left
home, leaving Maria, Rachel’s mom, alone with her four kids (Souder). Her
family had a very low income causing them to have no electricity or plumbing
(Souder). While growing up, she loved reading and writing and became a
published author by ten years old (Michal). Throughout high school, Carson had
to work at a laboratory in Massachusetts and at Woods Hole Oceanographic
Institution to help fund college (Hustard, Powel).
In 1925, she began attending the
Pennsylvania College for Woman studying English but later changed to study
biology (Michal, Powel). Graduating in 1929 with high honors, she received her
bachelor’s degree in biology (Powel, Gilbert, Michal). Longing to learn more,
Rachel began studying at the oceanographic institute of John Hopkins
University, where she received her master’s in zoology in 1932 (Michal).
Although Rachel wanted to pursue a doctorate degree, she had to take care of her
mother and two orphaned nieces and continued to struggle financially (Michal,
After searching for a long time, she
finally found a job teaching zoology at the University of Maryland (Powel).
Leaving her teaching career, she scored higher than all other applicants and
became the second woman hired by the US Bureau of Fisheries in 1936 (Michal).
Carson began as a marine biologist until 1937 when she became a junior aquatic
biologist (Michal, Hustard). After the promotion to editor-in-chief, Carson
left this organization in 1952 to pursue her writing career (Powel).
Although Carson faced much rejection, she published
her first book, Under the Sea Wind,
in 1941 which explained the animal life on the East Coast (Powel). Soon after
the publication, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor taking away from the focus on her
book so she only received some admiration for presenting scientific facts in an
understandable way (Hustard). Because Carson longed for people to understand
the wonders of the ocean, she wrote and published a second book, The Sea Around Us, in 1951 which
eventually became a movie as well (Powel). This book sparked wonder in the mind
of all who read it, causing it to become the best-seller for 86 weeks and
allowed her to quit her job (Gilbert, Hustard). A letter from one of Carson’s
friends in 1958 opened Carson’s eyes to the effects of spraying pesticides on
plants (Powel). Her friend studied the forest and noticed much of the wildlife
and birds began dying very rapidly, and after many tests, it became evident
that the pesticides affected the animals in a negative way (Powel). Carson
decided she needed to do something about the problem, so she began to write
another book and before the book became published, people already bought 4,000 copies
(Hustard). In 1958, Carson spoke to editors about publishing a story in the newspaper
before writing a book, but they pushed back the deadline in order for Carson to
better prepare (Powel). On December 1, 1958, Carson’s mom died a sudden death,
so the deadline changed again (Powel). Determined, Carson continued
researching, but became ill in the early 1960’s from pneumonia, and had to have
surgery to remove two tumors (Powel). In 1961, the doctor diagnosed Carson with
cancer and began radiation which caused her body to become weak, but afraid
they would cancel her book, kept her well-being a secret (Powel). After four
years of strenuous research and writing, she finally published, Silent Spring, which explained the
effect of poison and how to more cautiously use them (Powel). John F. Kennedy,
a fan of Carson’s writing, read all of her books and created an assembly of
numerous scientists to further study Carson’s theory (Powel). Although
thousands of people greatly enjoyed her writings, many chemical companies spent
thousands of dollars trying to discredit her work, but failed (Powel, Michal).
On June 4, 1963, Carson spoke in the courts to testify her reason for writing
the books and replied to the attacks by saying that she began this campaign
with only the public and environment in mind, not a specific company (Powel).
Through the trials, Carson remained strong, and won a
national book award, national science writing award, and a Guggeheim grant
(Michal). Overcome by cancer, Carson died on April 14, 1964 and did not get the
privilege to see her life’s goal accomplished- the banning of strong pesticides
(Gilbert, Hustard). Awarded the Presidential medal of honor after she died and
fondly thought of as an early environmental activist, Carson changed the United
States and many other countries for the good of the people (Michal,
Biography.com editors). Carson produced the largest influence to the America
and became known as one of the most insignificant women of the 1900s (Hustard).
Because Carson’s life impacted the country in such a strong way, the president
held her funeral at the National Cathedral in Washington D.C. (Hustard). Rachel
Carson’s impact on the world still shows today as researchers continue to find
more causes for the death of the environment and the animal in it.
China and Japan had division systems that would guarantee diminishes in their nation. China’s withdrawal system was straight forward. Both the China and Japan disengagement approaches were made around the 1400s-1800s. Withdrawal methods are approaches that were made by the nation’s subject or pioneer. This is tied in with keeping the issues from that nation that has the segment approach. The withdrawal approaches additionally permit no sort of war or fight to occur between nations. Both China and Japan’s constrainment strategy happened in the 1400s to 1700s. China’s seclusion approaches were more tolerant than Japan’s withdrawal technique. China’s withdrawal procedure was first made after the Zheng He voyage in the 15th century. This approach of the Ming Association since more piece of the noninterventionist type. Hongwu space were the ones to first make an outside philosophy. There approach was made in 1371 which blocked all sea transporting amidst that time. After the Ming Tradition, the Qing Association proceeded to partition techniques that occurred in China. Japanese privateers or “Wokou” were the general population who ambushed China, Japan, headway Korea’s coastlines. These showings were the fundamental stress that concerned the Chinese over their nation. Japan’s control methodology were conveyed using 1641 to 1853. An approach called “kaikin” was made by the “Tokugawa shogunate of Japan”. This restricted joining with the other outside nations. Regardless, Japan being picture wasn’t generally correct. Japan still had a type of exchanging and had relations with China, Netherlands, Ryukyu islands Japan’s way of life didn’t generally have an impact from the outside nations and universes. Japan additionally had one of the longest states of peace in whole history. Amidst this time, they had starting late made mind blowing urban gatherings, and castled towns. Japan appeared as they might not have any desire to have anything to do with other foe nations or adversaries. They anticipated that would keep the conflicts of others far from them as a result of battles that may come to them. For the most part, they required their life to their nation and basically their nation. China in this condition emitted an impression of being more sensible. China wasn’t as parsimonious and prideful as japan was for this condition. Despite the way that they anticipated that would keep themselves limited, they had a kind of thought with exchange. Japan didn’t have exchange that they were performing what’s more didn’t have any associates at the time. As I should need to figure, both china and Japan didn’t welcome the claim to fame of life. All they anticipated that would do is quiet about their lifestyle and not share it to others.
Ms. Sadler Analytical Comparison Essay – REVISED 01 Dec. 2011 Dysfunctional Children Raised By Disobedient Parents Dysfunctional children all have one main factor to their disobedience and that is horrible parenting. From a single mother raising the child to parents fighting and arguing inside the house in front of the kids. The article, Eminem is Right: The Primal Scream of Teenage Music, By Mary Eberstadt, demonstrates that dysfunctional kids show the greatest emotion due to disobedient parenting. All of this was compared to music from today’s artists.
The article, Don’t Mention the Family, By Jason Cowley, Has many segments from different publishers showing the cons of all parenting. From single mothers, beat down dads, to abuse in the household from both parents, but both have similar reviews on bad parenting. Bad parenting causes children to behave more different than normal due to fear, or wanting attention. Many examples are shown from music from artists that have been through it already. In the article, Eminem is Right: The Primal Scream of Teenage Music, by Mary Eberstadt, clearly shows what most Musical artists are trying to get out there to their viewers.
For instance, she brings up artists such as Tupac, Jay-Z, Snoop Dogg, Blink-182, Papa Roach, etc. Most of these artists’ performed as the Top-40 most popular icons in America. Most dysfunctional families come from broken homes in the black community. Mary Eberstadt states that Tupac Shakur, the best-selling gangsta rapper in the time, talked about what parents did not want to hear in his music. He spoke the vulgar truth in every word. Teenage girls getting pregnant and have no one to tell, so they drop out of school to support their child.
Boys who grew up with no father try to find a big brother or father figure on the streets, causing them to get into trouble. Although Tupac Shakur never knew his father and had a mother who was charged for possession of crack when he was young. Tupac loved his mother and although she made mistakes, he cherished everyone moment he had with her because Tupac’s mother was the one who raised him into a man who respected the women’s gender. Another rap artist she used in her argument was Shawn Carter, also known as Jay-Z.
Jay-Z did not have a father as he grew up. Both Tupac and Jay-Z grew up as adolescents, who sold drugs, had guns, lived in the ghetto, and had a mentality of a thug or gangster. Even though they had those cons, they both rapped about being good parents will prevent your kids to be like them. “The fact that child abandonment is also a theme in hip-hop might help explain what otherwise appears as a commercial puzzle—namely, how particular music moved from the fringes of black entertainment to the every center of the Every teenager mainstreams” (Eberstadt).
Hip-hop music does not only symbolize adolescent black teens, but also disobedient white teens. The main point that Eberstadt uses to argue her issue is the Rap artist, Marshall Mathers, also known as Eminem. Eminem grew up with no father, and a whore of a mom. His step dad abused him and Eminem retaliated and fought back. Eminem rapped about irresponsible parents throughout most of his music. In Eminem’s music, He states that Children need their parents and not having parents causes all hell to break loose.
Eminem does talk down on women, but he does not send it out to all women, just his mom and his ex-wife for not being women, but being better mothers. “Today’s teenagers are a mess, and the parents who made them that way refuse to get it” (Eberstadt). The connection that Eminem makes to his fans from the song he published, Sing For The Moment, is a connection that parents, in his view, just don’t get. Eberstadt states that, “the “visuals” from the song show clearly what the lyrics depict—hordes of disaffected kids.
Flashbacks to bad home lives, screaming out to the singer who feels their pain. ” Eminem gets criticized for being foul-mouthed, and hate of others, but he offers a cautionary tale that speaks to our civilization’s growing depravity. The only ones who understand Eminem’s pain was his fans, and their parents still had no clue what was going on with their children. In the article, Don’t Mention The Family, By Jason Cowley, mentions from one of his sources that poverty is the real issues, not fathers. Most single parents are poor. We shouldn’t blame the parents, but the Government as well.
Better welfare causes single parents from becoming poor. Another point he brings into his argument is that having both parents in the house is not the best choice either. Parents will argue and fight in front of their children and can cause a huge mental and emotional confrontation within the child. Parents will debate what their roles is as a parent are in the household. “So, what the left should “get” is family values based on an ethic of care and underpinned by one of justice, which enshrines the value of equality” (Lister).
Another point Cowley argues is that a stable family is a key to a young child’s early years. Good parenting, which usually includes both parents, and help from the grandparents, can surpass poverty and expand a child’s life chances. Both articles argue and provide an abundant of evidence to support their argument. Although Mary Eberstadt used Music artists, she clearly shows that most of the artists know what disobedient teens are feeling. Many say that Hip-Hop music is vulgar and show violence, the words in every song show the true meaning of some people’s lives.
Many teen girls are getting pregnant, and they do not know what to do about it. Boys are joining gangs, and becoming thugs by selling drugs, carrying hand held weapons, etc. Bad parenting causes all of these in today’s society. Jason Cowley does not blame it on the parents; the evidence he provides blames the government. The parents tried their best to raise their children, even if their best was not good enough, but the government could have helped them. Better welfare could have prevented lack of parenting due to jobs.
Not only does bad parenting cause dysfunctional children, but so does poor government. Tupac, Jay-Z, and Eminem all grew up in the low-poverty areas, which caused absent of fathers, lack of parenting from mothers, and a trend throughout the community surrounding them. If the government gave better welfare, no one would have to live like that unless it is by choice or poor decision-making. The strengths of both articles show that parenting skills are necessary when raising kids. Keeping children out of trouble, and paying attention to their child in need.
Using real life examples also strengthen the argument more. Mary Eberstadt’s argument is more to the point, while Jason Cowley’s argument argued different things to get to the point. Both perspectives provide a valid persuasion, but Eberstadt’s persuade more than Cowley’s. Work Cited Cowley, Jason. “Don’t Mention the Family. ” New Statesman. 22 AUG 2011: 23-25,27,29. Print. Eberstadt, Mary. “Eminem is Right: The Primal Scream of Teenage Music. ” 1st. Boston: Wadsworth, 2012. 371-76. Print.
Cummings and Worley (2009) indicate that
the pace of global, economic and technological development makes change an
inevitable feature of organizational life. However, change is not always smooth
and welcomed by everyone. Resistance to change causes damage to the
organization as well as the individual employee. The most literature on
managing change tend to addressed at two different levels from the perspective
of the individual (how to motivate the individual to be committed to the change
and act accordingly), and from the perspective of the organization (the types
of organizations, systems and structures considered to be supportive of change.
Resistance to change has negative implications for work-related outcomes of the
employees. It has an impact on job satisfaction (Burke, Lake, & Paine,
2009) and, in turn, on the intention to turnover (Neves, 2009). Emotion
regulation is one of the strategies which help employee to regulate their
emotion toward organizational change. Emotion Regulation Strategies refers to
the processes of changing the experience of, and the expression given to,
perceived emotions (Aldao, Nolen-Hoeksema, & Schweizer, 2010). Aldao,
Nolen-Hoeksema, & Schweizer, (2010) made a distinction between
antecedent-focused emotion regulation and response-focused emotion regulation.
Antecedent-focused emotion regulation involves anticipating on the emotion
response before the response is expressed. It changes behaviour and
physiological responding in advance.
Response-focused emotion regulation occurs later in time. This involves
the actions of individuals when the emotions are already experienced. Gross
model involve of five emotional regulation strategies. First one is situation
selection (emotion regulation strategy avoidance). It focus in avoiding certain
people, place or things in order to regulate emotion (Aldao, Nolen-Hoeksema,
& Schweizer, 2010). This strategy excluded from study because it is not
relevant with purpose of this study and mostly employee not have choice to
avoid organizational change except when they leave organization (Aldao et al.,
2012). The second strategy is situation modification or problem-focused coping.
It means seeking social support as a part of emotion-focused coping. The third
is attentional deployment which can be used to select the aspects of a
situation one wants to focus on (Mikolajczak, Nelis, Hansenne, & Quoidbach,
2008). It focus on distraction, concentration, and rumination. Distraction
means non-emotional aspects, which reduces the negative emotional response
through denial. By focusing on the positive aspects of the situation,
concentration also has a positive effect on one’s emotional response.
Rumination is often associated with negative outcomes. It leads to depressive
symptoms and extended periods of negative emotions. The fourth is cognitive
change which is focus on decreasing the emotional impact by altering the way a
person thinks about a certain situation (Goldin, McRae, Ramel, & Gross, 2008).
The fifth is response-focused emotion regulation which influenced by the
personal meaning that is given to a situation.
Rational of undertaking the review
Little research is investigated about how
emotion regulation strategies of employee influence the relationship between
resistance to change and job satisfaction (Vakola, & Armenakis, 2011). Most research were
investigated general organizational characteristics that influence resistance
to change, such as communication (Van Dam, Oreg, & Schyns, 2008), participation
(Self, 2007), and confidence in management (Herholdt, 2012). This study will
try to overcome the current gap in research about individual outcomes of, and
emotional reaction to resistance to change by combining the research fields of
organizational change, emotion regulation, and (work) psychology. The objective of this study is to investigate the role of emotion
regulation strategies in explaining the relationship between resistance to
change and job satisfaction.
Aim of Review
This study will provide insight about the relationship
between resistance to change and job satisfaction through the influence of
emotional regulation strategies. It creates awareness among employers about
resistance to change and its effect on job satisfaction.
This study going to answer the coming
relation between job satisfaction and resistance to change?What the
impact of emotion regulation strategy on job satisfaction?What the
role of emotion regulation in adopting organizational change?Literature reviewAccording to Holland and Rees
(2010),a literature review is a method of investigating published studies
critically in a systematic approach to retrieve findings that can be applied in
clinical practice. It essential to identify which literature has made
significant contributions to examining the role of emotional regulation
strategies in order to enhance job satisfaction in order to enhance smooth
organizational change project implementation.Search strategyA comprehensive electronic literature
search was conducted on3th November 2017. The keywords are generated from the
study questions formulated. The search was restricted to articles published in
the English language between 2007 and 2017. The keywords used in the search
were: resistance to change, organizational change, emotion regulation
strategies, job satisfaction. CINAHL (Ebsco), Cochrane Library, Google Scholar,
Wiley, Science Direct and Pub-med were the databases used to carry out the
search. Other criteria limiting the search were that the articles had to be
available as free full text. The search produced 38 articles. See table 1 in
appendix of data base search and table 2 for index terms. Article selectionArticles were screened with an
overall goal of ?nding a group of articles that focused speci?cally on job
satisfaction, emotional regulation strategies organizational resistance to
change. The articles were to address the mediating role of emotional regulation
strategies in order to enhance job satisfaction in order to enhance smooth
organizational change project implementation. Inclusion and exclusion criteria
are formed to selected research. Articles focusing on business organization were
included because the emotion regulation aspect of employee same as the health
organization employee. Qualitative, quantitative and mixed design studies were
included in this review. Articles had to be published in English between 2007
and 2017. Articles were excluded if they did not focus on emotional regulation,
if the research design was unclear or of poor quality, if the argument
presented was not well reasoned or clear or if the article focused on organizational
strategies to enhance implementation change generally instead of employee’s regulate
their emotion toward change speci?cally. See table 3 in appendix.Findings of the reviewA three-step screening process was used to
obtain the ?nal sample of articles. The goal of this process of screening was
to determine the state of knowledge related to job satisfaction, emotional
regulation strategies and organizational resistance to change within this
sample. To accomplish this goal, determining patterns, directions, similarities
and differences among the articles within the sample. Articles were read three
times to determine the quality of the writing, to reduce and compare data
within the articles and to analyse and synthesize themes and patterns within
the literature sample. Firstly, 28 articles were selected was based on the
titles fitting. Secondly, 19 articles were selected from reading through the
abstracts. Thirdly, 14 articles were selected based on meeting the inclusion
criteria. The remaining six articles were selected through reading the full
text. Holland & Rees, (2010) and Polit & Beck, (2014) were used as a
framework for critiquing research papers. All the research studies were
investigated to answer our review questions and then a systematic review was
carried out to assess the quality of the articles. Table 4 will illustrated the
including articles with main design features, study population, findings,
limitations and implication for practice.
In this part will discuss the themes
according to the interpretation of the literature based on the critical
evaluation in order to make recommendations based on evidence-based practice. These
themes will be comprehensively analysed and synthesised, evaluated and
The themes that emerged from the literature
1. The effect of job satisfaction on
reduction of resistance to change
impact of emotion regulation strategy on job satisfaction
role of emotion regulation in adopting organizational change
The effect of
job satisfaction on reduction of resistance to change
Struijs, (2012) conducted
a cross-sectional study of 194 participants out of 420
with respons rate
46.19% examined the relationship between resistance to change and
and whether this relationship was mediated by job satisfaction. Although a
large sample size does not guarantee representativeness, it enhances the validity
of the statistical conclusion (Polit & Beck, 2014). The study findings showed that people who experienced more
resistance to change, were less satisfied with their job. Whereas Liang-Chuan
Wu and Maggie WU, (2011) conducted empirical study through case study of
company in Taiwan in order to investigate the impact of organizational change
on employee satisfaction level. This study found that age , expertise,
benefits, workload and promotion is contributed factors of employee
dissatisfaction with organizational change. Moreover, this study emphasize the
need to pay attention to employee’s feeling in
order to ensure the smooth introduction
of organizational change since employee satisfaction is critical to
To conclude, both studies reflect that job
satisfaction is essential for employee to accept organizational change.
Resistance to change has negative impact on job satisfaction. Job satisfaction
is considered as the one of the consequences of resistance to change. Burke et
al (2009) found that employees experience resistance to change, they are
frustrated by the change and develop more negative thoughts and feelings about
The impact of
emotion regulation strategy on job satisfaction
Changes often provoke resistance by
employees and can lead to the experience of a variety of emotions. It is
important to pay attention to resistance to change and the way employees
regulate their emotions, because both can have an important impact on
work-related outcomes, such as job satisfaction and turnover intention. Several
studies were conducted to investigate the role of emotional regulation
strategies in several variables related to employee. Hulshegar, Lang, Schewe,
& Zijlstra, (2014) conducted experimental field study of 41 participants
aimed to investigate the relationship between deep acting, automatic regulation
of emotions in employee health well-being and increase performance. This study
found that emotional regulation strategies are positively enforcing employee
health well-being and increase performance. The findings of previous study is
supported by Siu, Cheung, & Lui, (2015). The researchers conducted Survey
of 311 participants to investigate the mechanism underlying the relationships among positive
emotion, work well-being(job satisfaction and stress symptoms and turnover intention. This study findings was that
positive emotion were positive related to job satisfaction and decrease
To sum up, evidence indicates that the
emotional regulation affect the job satisfaction and intention to turnover
among employees. It is emphasize the need to examine the role of emotional
regulation strategies in order to enhance job satisfaction in order to enhance
smooth organizational change project implementation.
The role of
emotion regulation in adopting organizational change
an emotion regulation strategy is effective or ineffective depends on how that
specific strategy influence employee’s reaction to a certain situations. The emotion
regulation strategies can be effective for the reason that they can help human
to handle the situation better, by positively modifying (the attention or
meaning of) the situation.for the reason that they can help human to handle the
situation better, by positively modifying (the attention or meaning of) the
situation. Situations are often modified by seeking social support to better
cope with the changing situation rather than resistance (Cummings & Worley,
2009). However, situation modification can also have negative and
ineffective outcomes for individuals (Avey, Wernsing, & Luthans, 2008). If
an employee experience resistance to change and talks with somebody who has
also a negative opinion about the change, a higher level of resistance to
change will lead to more job dissatisfaction. Focusing on non-emotional aspects
of the change, emotions are positively regulated by shifting the attention away
from the change.
Wernsing, T. & Luthans, F,( 2008) carried out a cross sectional
study in the form of a 132 validated online survey for employee
from different organization to explicate the relationship between positive
employees and their attitudes and behaviours that have implications for
positive organizational change. Although the sample background enhance the
generalizability of the outcome, as participants were from different type of
organization, with different change experience, the validity of the outcome is
affected by the sampling selection method (Holland & Rees , 2010). This
study findings provide beginning support that positive employees may indeed be
a very important ingredient in positive organizational change. Malik,
S. & Masood, S, (2015) conducted study to examine the mediating role
of psychological capital on the relationship between emotional intelligence and
resistance towards change through personally administered questionnaires. The
sample was 170 employees from telecom organizations operating in Pakistan. The
findings show that emotional intelligence leads to stronger psychological
resources which play a significant role in employee’s proactive attitudes
To summarize studies finding, it is clearly that
emotional regulation strategies play an effective role to enhance adaptation of
employee with organizational change.
conclude all literature findings including in this review, the job satisfaction
can effect positively in enhancing employee adopting organizational change.
Moreover, positive emotional GFDFDEEEcan be enhancing both job satisfaction
and easily adopting organizational change.
This review is just beginning of building knowledge
about emotional regulation strategies and its effectiveness on enhancing
employee coping and adopting with organizational change. This review is limited
by the key phrases used for searching, the databases accessed, the frame and
method of searching for literature, and time constraints. Further studies is
recommended to promote depth of understanding and knowledge development related
directly to emotional regulation strategies and it is implication in health
care settings. It is important to investigate how can train employee to use
emotional regulation strategies to adopted organization change.