Eating disorders are severe issues in our world today. Eating disorders are illnesses that cause serious conflicts and disturbances to your ordinary diet, including eating tremendously small amounts of food or sternly overeating (“Eating disorders,” 2012). It is a possibility that someone who recently begins with an eating disorder can start out just cutting down with the portions of food they consume, or eating more than usual. Due to that, eventually those urges to eat less or more start to become uncontrollable and more severe.
Usually these reasons come about due to the desire to portray a certain body image or body mass in (“Eating disorders”, 2012) . The most common eating disorders consist of, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating. Many teenagers and adults are affected by eating disorders every day. People with eating disorders are in need of human services to be provided to them. It is estimated that at least eight million people in America have an eating disorder, seven million being woman, and one million being men (“Eating disorder statistics,” 2006).
About one out of two hundred American women suffer from anorexia; and two to three of one hundred American women suffer from bulimia (“Eating disorder statistics,” 2006). “The mortality rate associated with anorexia nervosa is 12 times higher than the death rate of ALL causes of death for females 15 – 24 years old (“Eating disorder statistics”, 2006). ” Those that suffer from anorexia tend to have very low self-esteem and usually have the high urge to control their surroundings and emotions (“Anorexia nervosa,” 2007).
Anorexia is a reaction from internal and external conflicts, and is a negative way to cope with such emotions brought from those conflicts (“Anorexia nervosa,” 2007). Those with anorexia may feel afraid of losing control over the amount of food they begin to eat, and lose their desire to control their emotions. “With a low self-esteem and need for acceptance they will turn to obsessive dieting and starvation as a way to control not only their weight, but their feelings and actions regarding the emotions attached (“Anorexia nervosa”, 2007)”.
In similarity to Anorexia, Bulimia is also connected to the coping of emotions. People with bulimia will start by eating large quantities of food in a short period of time, and then use behaviors like taking laxatives or self-inducing vomiting, because they feel overwhelmed with their emotions and feel the need to punish themselves for it (“Bulimia nervosa,” 2007). Some harmful influences within the family may play a major role in triggering and causing eating disorders. As well as the effect from maintaining a specific body image as another root cause.
Some studies have shown that, “poor parenting by both mothers and fathers have been implicated in eating disorders (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011)”. A study found that about forty percent of nine to ten year old young girls that tried to lose weight did so because of the urging from their mothers (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011). In young girls there can easily be a maternal history that could occur and be a factor in developing an eating disorder (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011). Also, paternal criticism about weight can lead to bingeing and purging in young males (“Eating disorder- causes”, 2011).
History of addictions and also emotional disorders within a family can also have some effects with eating disorders in teens as well. Some studies have reported that somebody with anorexia and or bulimia are more than likely to have parents with alcoholism or even substance abuse compared to those in the most general population (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011). Somebody with the parent with bulimia appear to be more probable to have some sort of psychiatric disorders rather than parents of those with anorexia (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011).
There are also some connections with woman and eating disorders to sexual abuses. Many women who have some sort eating disorder, frequently bulimia, appear to have a greater occurrence of sexual abuse; studies have even shown a sexual abuse rates around about thirty-five percent in woman with bulimia (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011). There are even some studies that can relate and connect obesity to bulimia and other eating disorders. “People with bulimia are more likely than average to have an obese parent of to have been overweight themselves during childhood (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011)”.
There are some genetic factors that play a high role in eating disorders as well. “Anorexia is eight times more common in people who have relatives with the disorder, and some doctors believe that genetic factors are the root cause of many cases of eating disorders (Eating disorders- causes”, 2011)”. This sort of study could explain only parts of the root causing for this sort of group in need. In twin siblings it is much likely for them to also obtain to very similar eating disorders if they occur. There has been much research on the chromosomes that could be associated with eating disorders such as, anorexia nd bulimia. “Some evidence has reported an association with genetic factors responsible for serotonin, the brain chemical involved with both well-being and appetite (Eating disorders- causes”, 2011)” Along with family and genetic influences factoring eating disorders, some cultural pressures can also be associated with eating disorders as well. One cause that brings about a very large problem is the approach on foods. The response of the media to the cultural drive for thinness and the overproduction of food both likely play major roles in triggering eating disorders (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011).
It is clear that advertisers easily promote weight-reduction programs and present anorexic young models as the example of sexual desirability. It is also a problem for larger women to shop, due to the fact that most clothes are designed to fit skinnier figures that only few women could actually fit into. Another negative result portrayed from the media is the advertising of eye-catching ads for foods, which are most frequently, “junk” foods (Eating disorders- causes”, 2011).
These root causes can easily be projected through everyday life on any common person. Another thing that is greatly associated with eating disorders is hormonal abnormalities. “Hormonal abnormalities are common in eating disorders and include chemical abnormalities in the thyroid, the reproductive regions, and areas related to stress, well-being, and appetite (Eating disorders- causes”, 2011)”. Many of the chemical changes that take place during that process could easily result in the aspects of an eating disorder.
However they may also play a role in perpetuating or even creating susceptibility to the disorders (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011). The HPA system also releases certain neurotransmitters (chemical messengers) that regulate stress, mood, and appetite and are being heavily investigated for a possible role in eating disorders (“Eating disorders- causes”, 2011)”. According to “Eating Disorders- Causes”: Abnormalities in the activities of three of them, serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, are of particular interest.
Serotonin is involved with well-being, anxiety, and appetite (among other traits), and norepinephrine is a stress hormone. Dopamine is involved in reward-seeking behavior. Recent research suggests that people with anorexia have increased activity in the brain’s dopamine receptors. This over activity may explain why people with anorexia do not experience a sense of pleasure from food and other typical comforts (2011). The needs of those with eating disorders can be met correctly if approached in the most accurate and serious way.
Not only is it important that people with eating disorders get taken care of, but it is also important for them to realize their disorder is able to be solved and that people want to help them. For people with eating disorders they must understand and realize that they have a problem and they must want it to be taken care of and receive personal treatment for it. There are many different types of treatments for those with eating disorders to obtain. Treatments are mostly comprehensive plans made up of combinations of nutritional rehabilitation, psychotherapy, and medication is recommended (Kathleen, 2012).
Human service workers that are specifically educated to deal with those with eating disorders provide those in-need with their services and treatments. There are many associations, treatment centers, and rehabilitation centers to help those with eating disorders. Human Service works provide many diagnoses, treatments, and therapy. References Anorexia nervosa. (2007). Retrieved from http://www. something-fishy. org/whatarethey/anorexia. php Bulimia nervosa. (2007). Retrieved from http://www. something-fishy. org/whatarethey/bulimia. hp Eating disorders. (2012, March 8th). Retrieved from http://www. nimh. nih. gov/health/publications/eating-disorders/complete-index. shtml Eating disorders- causes. (2011). Retrieved from http://www. umm. edu/patiented/articles/what_causes_eating_disorders_000049_3. htm Eating disorder statistics. (2006). Retrieved from http://www. state. sc. us/dmh/anorexia/statistics. htm Kathleen, F. (2012, March). Eating disorders. Retrieved from http://www. clevelandclinicmeded. com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/psychiatry-psychology/eating-disorders/