Defining given society considers appropriate for men

Defining gender as the socially constructed
roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes that a given society considers
appropriate for men and women and gender based violence as any act that results in or is
likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm and suffering to
women including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of
liberty whether occurring in public or private life,

 

Recalling
Article
1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which states that “Human beings
are born free and equal in dignity and rights”, Article 2 of the Universal
declaration of Human Rights which states that “all human beings have equal
rights and that no discrimination should be carried out based on gender in
enjoyment of those rights” Article 3 states “All human beings have the right of
life, right to liberty and right to security”,

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Noting that in December 1993, the United
Nations General Assembly passed a resolution 48/104 which recognized the urgent
need for the universal application to the rights and principles of women regarding
equality, security, liberty, integrity and dignity of all human beings,
 

Further noting that those rights and principles
are enshrined in international instruments, including the Convention on the
Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of
Discrimination against Women, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International
Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Convention against
Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment,

 

Alarmed by the social causes of gender based
violence, including the discriminatory patriarchal mindset of the general
populace, gender norms being established and accepted within a society and
inherent discrimination passed from the parents to the children in a family,

 

Aware of the legislative causes of gender
based violence, including loopholes in legislations allowing perpetrators to
walk away with relatively lower punishments, inefficient reporting systems
which leads to the crime not being reported and improper implementation of
international conventions,

 

Deeply Concerned that some groups of women such as
women belonging to minority groups, indigenous women, migrant women, refugee
women, women living in rural or remote communities, destitute women, women with
disabilities and women in situations of armed conflict are vulnerable to
violence,

 

Recognizing the deplorable condition of female
prisoners as they are denied fundamental rights and the hierarchy which exists
in prisons allows the prison guards to induce gender violence without
accountability,

 

Alarmed at the current situation in USA and
hoping to rectify it,

 

1.      Urges states to sign and ratify the Convention on Elimination of
all forms of Discrimination Against Women;

 

2.      Reaffirms the General Assembly resolution 61/143, passed on December
2006, on the intensification of efforts to eliminate all forms of violence
against women;

 

3.      Recommends the need for proper implementation of the rights of women,
as provided to them by aforementioned documents;

 

4.      Affirms the distinction between the forms of gender based violence
through,

a.       The element of contact;

i. Contact gender violence: The infliction of physical harm
which may result in psychological harms as well;

ii. Non-contact gender violence: Not involving physical
infliction of harm, usually resulting in only psychological harms;

b.      The medium through which it is
carried out;

i. Domestic violence which usually occurs in the confinement
of the victim’s own home and since the perpetrator is the victim’s partner, it
would usually result in problems with reporting;

ii. Gender based violence carried out through external parties
not related to the victim;

iii. Gender based violence by the government and state
officials which usually involves non-contact violence through discriminatory
legislation;

 

5.      Further recommends the framework E for E (Education for Eradication) which
would operate under the following mandate;

a.       It would operate under the national
government in a nation;

b.      It would serve as a national organization
with state appointed officials to carry out its actions;

c.       It would strive to eliminate gender
based violence existing against women through,

i. Education through mass communication so both women and
men are made aware of their responsibilities to promote and practice gender
equality,

ii. Campaigns that aim to show that neither females nor
males are superior or inferior to one another;

iii. Raising awareness in the public pertaining to the harms
of discrimination;

iv. Raising awareness of the harms of forced marriage and
child marriage to put an end to it;

d.      It would further strive to provide
educational awareness to the general populace, including but not limited to;

i. Awareness about the physical and psychological harms of
gender based violence and other forms of sexual abuse against children;

ii. Awareness on the importance of reporting such crimes so
that the perpetrators are identified and can be prosecuted;

iii. Informal educational sessions for the poor and illiterate
groups in a post conflict nation;

e.       Youth exchange programs may be used
in countries specifically for indigenous women with high rates of
discrimination in coordination with countries with low rates of discrimination;

f.       Scholarships should be given to deserving
women;

g.      Establish protection units in
schools, telephone helplines and other means by which females can report abuse;

h.      Ensure that girls have safe access
to and from and within the schools, being mindful of location of the schools
and providing safe travel arrangements or security;

i.       
It
would also strive for the provision of free and compulsory elementary education
for 6 years for every single child who is a resident of the state and would
encourage member states to increase access to secondary and post-secondary
education to improve literacy rates among women;

i.  Collaboration with
United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund and United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organization to help with the implementation of this in
developing nations and underdeveloped nations;

 

6.      Endorses that member states may voluntarily provide financial
support to funds, such as the Fund for Gender Equality which focuses on
economic and political empowerment for women, the United Nations Trust Fund to
End Violence against Women, the United Nations Voluntary Fund,
the United Nations Fund for Indigenous People that address women in
post-conflict zones,

a.       Economically developed countries may
give loans with less interest to economically less developed countries to
rectify the economic problems pertaining to gender based violence;

b.      This will enhance efforts to prevent
gender based violence;

c.       This will ensure protection and
promotion of human rights;

 

7.      Requests governments to sanction crackdowns on hotspots where gender
based violence is concentrated such as refugee camps with Internally Displaced
People to abolish the act and prosecute the perpetrators;

 

8.      Recommends the following framework to be used to
cater to the healthcare problems faced by victims;

a.       Formation of
HFA (Healthcare for All) and funding from UN to be used to cater to the
healthcare issued of victims;

b.      A separate department
of physical and mental health to be established;

c.       Cognitive development
programs to be set up to help child victims recover from direct or indirect
violence;

d.      Training
to be provided to help bring children of victims who are psychologically
disturbed;

 

9.      Recommends that all member states should provide at least 12 weeks of
paid maternal leave to all individuals belonging to the state;

 

10.  Emphasizes on the fact that both contact and non-contact gender
violence different forms of the same crime, and that;

a.       Contact violence is the more
aggravated form and so the punishment should be comparatively harsher;

b.      Sentences for the aforementioned
crimes should be decided by the state governments or the national government;

 

11.  Recommends the provision of women with access to legal representation,
they should also be equal before law in regards to punishment and that could
give them opportunities to present their capabilities;

 

12.  Suggests member states to make law enforcement more responsive to
violence against women;

 

13.  Affirms the following policy;

a.       Emphasizes upon the fact that due to
not only their biological differences but their gender specific roles in the
society with regards to previous security council (resolutions 1325 and 1820),
both males and females should be systematically addressed differently;

b.      Social, Cultural and especially
Religious practices and norms, such as “Sati” and the child marriages should be
gradually eliminated;

c.       Non-state actors and the media
should play an essential role by;

i. The media should promote the education system, as the
rehabilitation and education of the society would demote the idea of gender
inequality and promote multicultural equality, with regards to gender;

ii. The spread of unreported gender based violence through
the public domain media, in respect to their anonymity to eliminate the fear of
the perpetrator;

 

14.  Endorses the Rehabilitation and Reintegration of Victims (RRV)
framework for the survivors of gender violence which would work under the
following mandate;

a.       An RRV committee should be formed
nationally in all member states, which would be directly under the government
and so it will be run by state appointed officials;

b.      Its first phase would consist of
Rehabilitation;

i. Rehabilitation clinics should be set up around the
country which specialize in the diseases and harms faced by victims of gender
violence including but not limited to, genital mutilation, sexually transmitted
diseases, physical torture, scarring, beatings and unwanted pregnancies;

ii. Concentration of these rehabilitation clinics in refugee
camps;

iii. The standard for the medical care that will be provided
in these clinics should be set by the World Health Organization;

c.       The second phase will consist of
Reintegration;

i. Psychiatrists should be made available in these Clinics
to provide therapeutic care to deal with the psychological trauma that the
victims of gender violence face, including but not limited to, post-traumatic
stress disorder, anxiety and eating disorders;

 

15. 
Recognizes discrimination in employment areas
on the following tiers;

a. Discrimination in recruitment, even when they have the
merit to do the job;

b. Wage gap between men and women performing the same task;

c. Glass ceiling which does allow women to get promotions;

 

16.  Suggests the corporations in a nation to provide men and women, in
the same jobs with equal pays in regards to their post, also there should be
meritocracy based recruitment processes, failure to do so should result in a
fine being imposed on these corporations;

 

17.  Further suggests the International community to provide reassurances of
their international labor laws by confining to International Labor Organization
Convention which focuses upon the;

a.      
Prohibition of forced labor;

b.     
child labor;

c.      
the right to organize in a trade union;

d.     
and suffer no discrimination;

 

18.  Recommends that reporting may be improved through;

a.       Complete anonymity for reporters;

b.      Easy modes of reporting;

c.       Accessibility to survivors, witness
and different state and non-state institutions if the state permits them;

d.      Report needs to be submitted to
United Nations Human Rights Council for analyzing the different effects and
problems regarding gender based violence;

 

19.  Recognizes the need for immediate action to combat gender violence in
post conflict zones,

a.       Systematically agrees upon the
violence inflicted upon all female refugees;

b.      Establishes the need for the
establishment of health centers in these conflict zones in collaboration with
the World Health Organization, which tends to both physical and psychological
health issues;

c.       Suggests that governments may work
in collaboration with the World Bank to help in the establishment of
rehabilitation centers and health institutes;

 

20.  Understands the need for major reforms in prisons to stop gender
violence against women,

a.       Segregation of male and female
prisoners;

b.      Infrastructural reforms in prisons
such as;

i. Improved prison conditions and separate prison cells and
toilets for all prisoners;

ii. Better sanitary conditions in
the prison compounds;

c.       Female gynecologists should be
present inside the prisons that cater to pregnant women;

d.      The wardens and administration for
the female section of the prisons should be female;

e.       Provision of better standard of food
for the prisoners;

f.       Provision of proper clothes and
services;

g.      Provision of feminine utilities and
toiletries throughout the female block monthly to cater to their biological
feminine needs;

h.      Installing monitors and CCTV cameras
throughout the female block;

 

21.  Suggests
member states to allow abortion only consensually within the first 24 weeks of
pregnancy, exceptions may be made like based on state laws;

 

22.  Acknowledges the fact that state discriminatory laws are an obstacle to
respond and prevent gender based violence and it needs to be diminished as soon
as possible;

 

23. 
Recommends that all the obstacles like
traditional norms, religious fundamentalism and social customs needs to be
diminished gradually by the state sovereignty in mind;

 

24. 
Affirms that role of International
Non-Governmental Organizations are important stakeholders in eliminating gender
based violence;

 

25. 
Further invites the international community in the
encouragement of United Kingdom National Action Plan on Women, Peace and
Security 2018 to 2022 that aims to;

a.       Fulfill women’s human rights within
the developed states;

b.      Achieve gender equality;

c.       Assist women whilst building more
stable society;

 

26. 
Recognizes that political representation of
women is a dire need for stability and peace in a region thereby, encourages;

a.  Greater political representation in
the legislature;

b. Local governments representation;

 

27.  Recommends that forms of gender based violence like honor killings,
female genital mutilation, acid throwing, forced marriages, dowry issues and female
specific infanticide should be dealt with decisiveness;

 

28.  Reaffirms that domestic violence is a heinous form of crime in gender
based violence;

a.  Rapid response by the police;

b. Hotlines need to be made;

c.  Media may play a role for awareness;

d. Educational institutions should also
provide awareness;

e.  Survivors and witnesses should be
given protection;

f.  Financial and legal assistance to
the victims could be given by the state;

 

29.  Notes that illegal immigration causes sexual exploitation and
financial dependency which needs to be rectified from transparent and legal
immigration;

 

30.  Recommends that important personalities may be incentivized by member
states to raise the awareness about gender based violence;

 

31.  Aims
to remain actively seized on this matter.