Carbon collect pure CO2 in streams and

Carbon
dioxide produces more waste than anything else. As a result, researchers
at the American Chemical Society have discovered new ways to convert this into “energy-rich
byproducts”. To convert carbon dioxide into fuel, researchers copy the process
of photosynthesis to produce carbohydrates. These reactors must run off
temperatures as high as 1000 degrees. Since it is difficult to reach those
temperatures, most researchers perform these same reactions at room temperature
and use catalysts. The first thing to do is to convert Carbon dioxide to CO. To
do this, scientists use two catalysts that separate Carbon dioxide, yielding CO
and water. To perform the reaction, it only takes 1.33 volts of electricity
which is less than a double A battery, to speed up the reaction. In 2011, a group
of researchers that was guided by Richard Masel “CEO of Dioxide Materials in
Boca Raton, Florida” constructed an experiment with iridium oxide and silver
catalysts with liquid electrolytes. The electrolyte is used to form a defensive
coating around silver. The benefit from this process is that it only needs 0.17
volts. The bad thing was that is it very expensive to produce. Despite the
flaws, the membranes were reported as successful. Chemist Richard NI stated
that using these membranes produced CO more efficiently and double the rate
compared to those without them. On top of that, the devices used for it
remained undeteriorated even after 6 months. Other scientists decided to
improve this experiment as well. “Fan Shi, who is a chemist at the National
Energy Technology Laboratory in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania” had the idea of making
methanol fuel with a similar approach. He later came up with a “synthetic diesel
fuel from Carbon dioxide and water with a high temperature process called blue
crude”. Through thorough experiments, scientists are determined to explore and collect
pure CO2 in streams and renewable power to satisfy energy needs in
times of low demand.