Are the Ego. The ego is based

Are we as people innately good and evil is just an external condition, which overcomes our good conscience?  Or is evil is an internal condition that is being kept in line by the laws and norms of society? Many people frequently ask these questions and William Golding opens up a whole new vocabulary. William Golding was in the royal navy during WWII and was exposed to plenty of violence, seeing what men were truly capable of. In his book Lord of the Flies, William Golding is trying to teach us that “even the most suitable environmental conditions will not suffice to overcome man’s innate cruelty.” Meaning even in the greatest of conditions it will not stop a mans internal evil to overthrow. According to Freudian psychology the mind is split into three sections and in a healthy person, the strongest part is our ego which that balances the id and the superego. “we are born with our Id.  The id is an important part of our personality because as newborns, it allows us to get our basic needs met.  Freud believed that the id is based on our pleasure principle.  In other words, the id wants whatever feels good at the time, with no consideration for the reality of the situation.  When a child is hungry, the id wants food, and therefore the child cries.  When the child needs to be changed, the id cries.  When the child is uncomfortable, in pain, too hot, too cold, or just wants attention, the id speaks up until his or her needs are met.The id doesn’t care about reality, about the needs of anyone else, only its own satisfaction.  If you think about it, babies are not real considerate of their parents’ wishes. They have no care for time, whether their parents are sleeping, relaxing, eating dinner, or bathing.  When the id wants something, nothing else is important.                             mmmmWithin the next three years, as the child interacts more and more with the world, the second part of the personality begins to develop.  Freud called this part the Ego.  The ego is based on the reality principle.  The ego understands that other people have needs and desires and that sometimes being impulsive or selfish can hurt us in the long run.  It’s the ego’s job to meet the needs of the id, while taking into consideration the reality of the situation.                 By the age of five, or the end of the phallic stage of development, the Superego develops.  The Superego is the moral part of us and develops due to the moral and ethical restraints placed on us by our caregivers.  Many equate the superego with the conscience as it dictates our belief of right and wrong… Not an easy job by any means, but if the id gets too strong, impulses and self gratification take over the person’s life.  If the superego becomes to strong, the person would be driven by rigid morals, would be judgmental and unbending in his or her interactions with the world.” (Heffner 1)                                                                                                                  mmmmSigmund Freud’s theory provides a lens showing you how William Golding created Lord of the Flies main characters along with their actions. In Lord of the Flies, you can read prime examples of Freudian psychology and the boys initialing being good people until they are tempted by evil, supporting Goldings and  Freud’s theory.The character that represents id in Lord of the Flies is Jack. Jack starts off as leader for the choir boys until Ralph is voted chief which Jack is upset due to his ambition for power. These are reasons why jack can be seens as the id in Lord of the Flies. Jack is more focused on survival more than being rescued and he does whatever he pleases. For instance, when Jack left to go hunting, the signal fire was left to go out which lead to the passing ship, a potential rescue failing. Jack tries to turn the boys against Ralph by questioning Ralph’s leadership. Jack disobeys the rules by speaking without the conch and makes a scene, “And you shut up! Who are you, anyway? Sitting there telling people what to do. You can’t hunt, you can’t sing I’m chief. I was chosen. Why should choosing make any difference? Just giving orders that don’t make any sense Piggy’s got the conch (Golding 152). Another proof Jack is the id in Lord of the Flies is because he shows no empathy for others, such as piggy. Jack decides to take Piggy’s glasses because he wants fire even though Ralph’s group would have shared their fire. “That was Jack and his hunters, said Ralph bitterly. Why can’t they leave us alone?’…The chief led then, trotting steadily, exulting in his achievement. He was a chief now in truth, and he made stabbing motions with his spear. From his left hand dangled Piggy’s broken glasses” (Shakespeare 938). Therefor, this is evidence that proves jack is the id in Lord of the Flies.