Academic writing is a necessity aspect for

Academic writing is a
necessity aspect for all students in various academic disciplines and levels. At
university, academic writing is a clear and concise style of writing that is
well organised, utilise critical analysis and based on evidence and reason
(Sultan, 2013). Henceforth assignments in university involve producing academic
written work in numerous forms such as essays, examinations or presentations. Gopee
and Deane (2013) admittedly that the academic success for students in
healthcare programs can be determined by their competence and aptitude as
writers. Therefore, as student radiographers who begin their studies at
universities, it is indispensable they comprehend that the appropriate academic
writing skills are fundamental principles for good practice in the education system
and far along in their professions. For instance, Borglin (2012) claims that a
mastery of academic writing is an essential element that enhances critical
thinking, practical skills, competence and contribute to academic success.


For over one hundred years
old, the practice and the role of radiographer has constantly changed continues
to evolve in parallel with advances in technology (England et al., 2017). Hence
the radiography students have responsibilities to react and adapt modern
training and clinical demand on radiography endlessly. At university, all
students have duty to comply with the University Policies and Regulations
(UPRs) before commencing their studies. As well as UPRs, student radiographers
are expected to adhere to guidance on conduct and ethics for students (Health
and Care Professions Council, 2016). The Health and Care Professions Council
(HCPC) is a regulator set up to protect the public by upholding the register for
health and care professionals who adhere to standards training, professional
skills and behaviour stipulated by HCPC. In addition, as the educational, professional
body and trade union for radiographers, the Society and College of Radiographers
(SCoR) promotes development of profession and standards which influence polices
adopted by governments and healthcare professionals (Society of Radiography,
2017). It is essential that student radiographers met guidelines and standards
of practice set by the Health and Care Professional Council, the Society of
Radiographers along with the university student codes of practice.


In recent years, there has been an increase in academic misconduct which
threatens and undermines the existence of the university systems (Singh and
Remenyi, 2016). According to the University of Hertfordshire student handbooks
(2017-18) academic dishonesty also known as academic misconduct occurs when student
fails to comprehend what is acceptable and what is anticipated in an academic task.
Therefore, amongst others, academic misconduct includes cheating, collusion and
plagiarism. Cheating is any act of dishonest whereas students gain unfair
advantage in the academic assessment such as copying or impersonating (UPRs,
2017). Additionally, plagiarism can be defined as the type of academic
dishonesty which occurs when student produce academic work which lacks correct and
satisfactory referencing mechanism in regard to the original work (Newton,
2016). Collusion can be defined as a form of academic misconduct that take
place when group of students discuss and share information for an individual
academic assessment and presents it as individual (UPR’s, 2017). Due to the
digitalisation and accessibility of technology within miscellaneous platforms,
there has been a rise on the number of new forms of academic misconduct such as
ghostwriting (Singh & Remenyi, 2016), coursework mill and assignment
writing websites services (Jones-Berry, 2016). Academic dishonesty occurs when student allocate less time
for the academic work, fail to follow instructions for the academic assessment
and lose academic motivation. Furthermore, Olafson et al. (2014) implied that
other tendencies which contribute to the student academic misconducts include
procrastination and the acceptance of cheating as the only form to achieve
higher marks. Academic
misconduct is a threat to the academic integrity. In fact, university regards
any academic misconduct intentional or unintentional as an offence that deserve
to be dealt with disciplinary actions. For example, Jones-Berry (2016) reports
that academic misconduct is the major contributor of disciplinary action to the
healthcare professional students, in such that students in pre-registration course
where prohibited to complete their programmes. It is an enormous concern when
students in healthcare profession course partake or engage in any academic
misconduct; study shows that there is a certain affiliation amid previously
engagement in academic misconduct and unethical practice later in clinical
settings (LaDuke, 2013). For instance, radiographer will be more prone to
manipulate images and radiation dosage in records due to previous tolerant attitude,
behaviour and justification towards cheating. For that reason, as student
radiographers, it is substantial that they ought to protect and promote
academic integrity.


At the university student radiographers should
expect higher level of education compared to the previous levels such as Advanced
level or Access to Higher Education. In the university, most classes will consist
of higher number of students, likewise the class includes the traditional sitting
and the new format consists of small groups either in seminar or conference and
groups learning (student handbook, 2017-18). In order to limit academic
misconducts, it is essential that student radiographers incorporate study
skills throughout their studies. Cottrell (2013) classified study skills as the
combination of academic skills, independent skills, cooperation skills and assignment
management skills. The academic skills include notetaking, reading, literature
research, critical analysis, paraphrasing and referencing (Cottrell, 2013). It is
significant that students should have the ability to research the literature from
the correct and specific source.