A build most of its core and

A formal
analysis during Monarch Sneferu’s reign is the Red Pyramid located in Dashur,
Egypt in 2600 B.C., during the 4th Century B.C. This pyramid is
better known as the “Shining Pyramid” and it is also the flattest of all
Egypt’s pyramids. The name “red” is because since its original white covering
limestone was completely stolen, the underlying mineral called iron oxide is
what was used to build most of its core and is what we see today. The Red
Pyramid was the first successful “True” pyramid as it sides slope very gently.1

            Each side of the pyramid measures
722 feet and its sides sloping at 43 degrees 22′ and it is the fourth highest
pyramid ever built in Egypt. Since Snefru learned from his past mistakes, he
dared to build this pyramid implementing all the new acquired knowledge. One
major difference was that several layers of fine white limestone used for its
foundation that eliminated problems from other such pyramids. Another type of
limestone named “Tula Limestone” was also used as casing stone had inscriptions
on the back sides. Various inscriptions were made, some with the cartouche of
Snefru while others had inscriptions on the back sides.2

            The burial chamber located just
above ground level was the desired place for Sneferu burial and tomb; archaeologist
have found some human remains such as a skull, pieces of rib, a finger and a
piece of a hip bone, all found inside the burial chamber that might belong to
king Sneferu himself. The east of the pyramid is what remains of a mortuary
temple; it was recovered in fragments and later reconstructed. Even though not
much remains today, there was a greater meaning from Snefru which envisioned
matching the east west alignment of Egyptian temples to the patch of the sun.3 

            The only entrance that the pyramid
has is by its north side, leading to a 206 foot passage and at an angle of 27
degrees which contain three chambers. The first chamber has cor belled ceilings
with up to fourteen layers, there is a passage from the south side that leads
to the second chamber which is the lies directly to the main point of the
pyramid, by via a steep staircase, the last chamber is located about 25 feet
above the floor of the second chamber and it is believed to be the real burial
chamber.

            The entire process that took to
build this pyramid took approximate over seventeen years to complete. Sequences
of work performed was also discovered which leads us to believe that it took a
long sequence of work schedules to finish the project like the same way we
apply in construction projects today, lots of planning. Even though this is the
third latest pyramid in Egypt and the largest of the three major pyramids
located at the Dahshur necropolis in Cairo, it was mainly built for the purpose
of the sole purpose of archiving a successful attempt of building a pyramid after
previous structural failures from other similar structures also built by the
pharaoh.