A apart of the “merchant caste”. This

A disciple is a commonly used term in catholicism to describe the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ. In this case scenario the whole faith is called to be a disciple,  not of Jesus Christ, but of God. The name of the religion that I have chosen to do an overview on is called called “Sikhism” pronounced as “Seek-ism”. The word ‘Sikh’ in the Punjabi language means ‘disciple’. In the english language the word ‘disciple’ means a follower or student of a teacher, leader, or philosopher. This explains why Sikhs are called to be disciples of God.          Guru Nanak is the founder of Sikhism. He is also the first ‘Guru’ as there are ten Sikh Gurus. Guru was born in a village called Talwandi which is in the Punjab province. Since Guru’s death the village was renamed to Nankana Sahib this means it was re-named after the first Guru of Sikhs, Guru Nanak. This name change was a sign of respect and love that the people had/have for Guru as he was born into and began preaching from this village. The village is also near Lahore which is the capital city of the province of Pakistan. His parents, Mehta Kalu (Father) and Matta Tripat (Mother), practiced the faith of Hinduism and were apart of the “merchant caste”. This means they were very organized merchants who specialized in strictly local trade of goods, handcrafts, etc. As a young man, Nanak was interested by religion and rituals. This interest led him to want to explore life and the                                                                                                                                           Hyde 2challenges and mysteries that come with it. Eventually he did end up leaving home to follow these aspirations. Guru ended up finding love and marrying a woman named Sulkhni, she was  of Batala. They had two sons whose names were Lakhmi Das & Sri Chand. Guru knew he had to get employed. He reached out to his brother-in-law who went by the name of Nanki. In a few days Nanki notified Guru that he had found work for him. The job was in the government granary as the manager. But his employment there didn’t last as long as expected. When Guru was 28 years old a life changing occurence summoned upon him. Nanak woke up one clear morning in 1469, he started with his daily routine of going down to the river near Sultanpur and bathing, then afterward he would then meditate for some while. While meditating Guru somehow mysteriously vanished for three whole days. Finally, when he re-appeared he claimed that God had told him that “There is no Hindu and no Muslim.” This was the day that he officially began to preach and spread word about Sikhism as taught from God, this is how the new religion was brought upon India.          The Sikh sacred book of scriptures in the Sikhism faith is called the Guru Granth Sahib. There are ten Gurus. The tenth Guru by the name of Guru Gobind Singh made rules so that there would be no other Gurus. So now Sikhs can look to their holy scriptures if they are in need of guidance, etc. The holy book became the ‘Guru’ meaning the teacher or leader. This “Guru Granth Sahib” is filled with numerous lessons, teachings, writings, etc. from the founder Guru Nanak and it also includes writings from all of the other nine Gurus as well as saints from the three main faiths of India: Sikh, Islam and Hindu.                                                                                                                                           Hyde 3          The scriptures are printed in Punjabi. The holy book is always kept on a raised platform in the place of worship. When near the holy scriptures, Sikhs take off their shoes and also never turn their back to them.         The Sikh place of worship is called “The Gurdwara” This unique name means “Gateway to the Guru”. Any building where the Guru Granth Sahib is located is a considered a place of worship in Sikhism. Sikh teachings and services are generally held on Sunday’s. The service always ends in a shared meal called ‘Langar’.           Worldwide there is approximately 27 Million Sikh making it the fifth largest population of a major religion. There were approximately 455,000 Sikhs in Canada in 2011, today roughly half of the Sikh who have immigrated to Canada have settled down in British Columbia according to http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/sikhism/.          The religion of Sikhism is a monotheistic religion. This means believing in one God only as the term monotheism literally means “the belief in only one God”. Opposite to polytheism, monotheistic faiths believe that no other God should come before the only God and idols should not be made or portrayed. Doing otherwise is a sinful act. This is why Sikhism does not recognize any other gods, goddesses and deities other than God the creator of the earth. Sikhism states that God was never in human form as he didn’t ever take birth as a human. Sikhism rejects all rituals and routine practices such as pilgrimage, fasting, etc.          Sikhs celebrate numerous festivals such as Guru Gobind Singh’s Birthday (The tenth Guru) on January 5, Maghi on January 14, Hola Maholla on March 26, Diwali time frame                                                                                                                                           Hyde 4varies, and many more. I am only going to speak on one that I am slightly familiar with which is Diwali. Diwali or also know as Dipawali, is the biggest, most important, and most celebrated holiday of the year in India. It is known worldwide as “The festival of lights”. The name of the festival (Diwali) comes from the clay lamps which translates to “avali deepa” these lamps are used in the celebration of this festival. Over the years, Diwali has become not only a restricted to one religion celebrating this festival, but now it is a national festival. This means that all around India it is celebrated by most regardless of the practicing faith (Hindus, Buddhists, or Sikhs). During the festival of lights the clay lamps mentioned earlier are lit up outside homes to symbolize the “inner light that protects from spiritual darkness”. Many say the significance of this festival can be compared to Christmas Day as celebrated by Catholics.          In the Sikh faith there is a dress code type rule called “The Five Ks”. The five k’s are the five principles of physical appearance presented to all Sikhs by Guru Gobind Singh the tenth Sikh Guru. These items must be worn daily in full. Number one, Kesh, Uncut hair. The hair is covered by a turban. It’s a symbol of peacefulness and in India the turban is a symbol of leadership. Number two, Kirpan is a ceremonial sword, symbolizing readiness to protect the weak. The kirpan shows the “inner warrior” of a Sikh. Number three, Kara ia a steel bracelet. This bracelet shows the strength of a Sikh. Number four, Kangha is a small wooden comb, that stands for cleanliness. Number five, Kachhera wearing Cotton boxer shorts, shows self-control and the prohibition of adultery.         When comparing catholicism and Sikhism there are few similarities I have noticed. To start, monotheism. Both the Catholic faith and the Sikh faith are monotheistic religions. We                                                                                                                                           Hyde 5both do not believe in worshiping any other “Gods” as there is only one God. Differences between the two are the founders. Catholics believe that Jesus Christ was the founder of Catholicism, while Guru Nanak fulfills this position in the Sikh faith. Sikh men and sometimes women are called to wear a turban to cover their hair, on the other hand in Catholicism there is not dress code, you may dress how you feel.          I want to touch up on why I decided to present the CAT as a powerpoint. I believe that using a powerpoint would be the most effective way for me to get my points across as I am also using numerous photos to get my fellow classmates brains to start thinking and having questions at the back of there mind that hopefully I answer throughout this presentation. Using images (visual learning with minimal text) is my prefered way of learning along with approximately 65 percent of the population are visual learners according to http://visualteachingalliance.com/. This is why I have chosen to present this way.          I feel that learning more and understanding Sikhism has made my views on their religion change. At first I thought that they had a boring culture but after really going deep and finding out facts, i’ve come to realize that I would definitely be interested in attending a seminar or something in that matter to get an even better understanding as I am so interested in their faith.